The 100-year-old “Kaala-Kanoon” is engraved in the language of everyone in India. The bitter truth behind this can hardly be known by anyone of the current generation without the help of “Google”. Let us know today the origin of this black law and the relationship of the “Jallianwala Bagh Massacre” with it.
Jallianwala Bagh (Jallianwala Bagh Massacre) Shooting is famous all over the world. Even the children of the next generations of India and its Punjab state will never be able to forget the “Jallianwala Bagh massacre” or the shooting. British rule about 100 years ago (British rule in India) implemented (January 26, 1919) by this “Rowlett Act” (Rowlatt Law) was named “Black-Kanoon” by the people of India.
In protest against this black law, India took to the streets in opposition to the British. In fact, the British rulers made this cruel law in the early months of 1919 with the aim of crushing the national movements that arose against British rule in India. This law Sir Sidney Rowlett (Sir Sidney Rowlatt) headed by the “Sedition Committee” (Rowlatt Committee) was made on the basis of recommendations. In the special series “Kaunoon Ki Class” on TV9 Bharatvarsh, let us know today what was in this law that a vast country like India gathered in the streets in protest against it.
so dangerous ‘The black law’
Also, do you know that after all this “black law” is related to the “Jallianwala Bagh Massacre” in Amritsar? The official name of the “Rowlett Act” was recorded in British government documents as the “Anarchist and Revolutionary Crimes Act of 1919”. By the time this law was enacted, England had achieved victory in World War I. It means that at the same time British rule in India had announced the “Rowlett Act”. Because of this black and very strict law, the then British government had immense legal power in India to arrest and imprison anyone without giving any reason and without being involved in any crime. That is to say, the British government had forcibly obtained the right, under the guise of this unreasonable law, that he and his administrative officer appointed by the police could arrest any Indian without trial in court and put him in court. the prison.
without the right to go to jail
So how could helpless and defenseless Indians allow the black laws of such incompetent and tolerable British rule to apply themselves? Going through the books or pages of this black law, there is a much more intimidating present. For example, under this law, the right of the offender to know the name of the person who brought the case against him has also been removed. That is, if the police or any officer of the English British local government of that time has arrested or imprisoned an Indian under the Rowlatt Act, then the person sent to prison under that cruel law will be will give so much. not considering that he could even ask the officer who was sending him to prison why and at the urging of whom he was imprisoned?
Judges had immense powers
However, in accordance with this law, separate courts were set up to hear “cases of sedition”. According to the same law, the right to appeal to any High Court in the country was withdrawn from the prisoner in opposition to the decision of the case. Following the application of this law, the judges of the “trial for treason” were given the right to judge the trial at their discretion without the help of the “jury”. Under this black law, the British government had empowered the police and administrative agents to withdraw the right to “freedom of the press” by force at any time of their own free will. Meaning this “black law” on innocent human beings and humanity was nothing less than an orgy or a naked dance of an autocrat. Under which the British government or its autocratic officers can arrest anyone (Hindustani) without giving any reason, even after being innocent, if they want to be arrested and imprisoned or even if they do not have to be expelled from the country .
law to control the revolutionaries
The “Roulette Act” was made by the British government only to crush “revolutionary activities” in India. So that no Indian could dare to adopt a rebellious attitude against the British rule that ruled India at that time. At the same time, in those days, people should have no role in the mass movements that are organized against British rule in India because of the fear of this black law. The British took this lawless law very easily, but when it came to implementing this law, the black intentions of British rule hidden within this abominable law were known to all Indians. That is why, in protest against this law, the country took to the streets in revolt. Seeing the protest against the “Roulette Law” across the country, the feet of the white government began to sink. Madan Mohan Malviya and Mohammad Ali Jinnah had even immediately resigned as members of the “central legislature” of their caliphate.
‘Satyagraha-Sabha’ organized in ‘Bombay’
With growing opposition in the country, when Mahatma Gandhi took his steps in the movement, the ears of the British rose. Because they knew that if Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi took control of any movement with his own hands, his grave consequences would surely come. Once again, Gandhiji began using the infallible weapon he had in Champaran, Kheda and Ahmedabad in the form of Satyagraha to withdraw the Rowlatt Act. Beneath it, Mahatma Gandhi sounded the trumpet of the strike across the country. It is also worth mentioning here that Mahatma Gandhi’s protest movement against the “Rowlet-Act”, his first national movement was also later. Therefore, he organized a big “Satyagraha Sabha” in Bombay (then Bombay) on February 24, 1919. At the same meeting it was decided and sworn that he would oppose the “Roulette Law” by following the path of “truth” and “non-violence.”
‘Home Rule League’ also came out in protest
Sense, violence, arson or aggression were not to be resorted to anywhere in the country in the movements organized for the protest. Because in doing so, under this Rowlatt Act, everyone, including Gandhiji and his followers, would have been arrested and imprisoned by the British government. Therefore, in such a situation, there was surely an adverse effect on the movement against this black law in the streets, which was not acceptable to Gandhiji at any cost. Leaders such as Surendra Nath Banerjee, Tej Bahadur Sapru, Srinivas Shastri, along with Gandhiji, had played a fearless role in giving impetus to this movement. Gandhiji also garnered large-scale “Home Rule League” support for this protest movement. Even after thousands of Gandhiji efforts, but in many areas of the country, including the country’s capital, Delhi, etc., there was strong violence during public meetings-movements organized against this black law.
The law that caused the ‘Jallianwala’ incident
Therefore, angry at the violence, Mahatma Gandhi withdrew his “satyagraha movement”. To say that our people (the Indians) are not yet ready or willing to stand firm in the cause of non-violence, then no protest or movement makes sense. A large crowd had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh to protest the arrest of Saifuddin Kitchlew and Satyapal on April 13, 1919 (Baisakhi Day) in protest of this law. General Dyer, the military commander assigned to Amritsar, opened fire indiscriminately on the crowd of unarmed Indians. In which hundreds of innocent Indians were killed by premature death. Among the dead were young people, the elderly, men, women and children. Later, the same fanfare dismissal became world famous in the name of the “Jallianwala Bagh Massacre”.
Black Law Dates
In 1916, the British government set up a committee under the chairmanship of its confidant, Judge Sidney Rowlatt. He was tasked with making a solid plan for an effective plan to quell terrorism. The Rowlatt Committee demonstrated after about 4 months that, after all, how can anti-English movements in India and the voices of the true children of India be suppressed and crushed? Later, on the basis of these absurd absurd suggestions from Sidney Rowlatt, two bills were introduced in the Central Legislative Council in February 1918. One of these bills was passed even after the opposition of the Indian members of the council. On this basis, in 1919, the British rulers strongly passed the Rowlatt Act to suppress the rebellious attitudes of the Indians.