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National Family Health Survey (NFHS) – National Family Health Survey 2019-21 (NFHS-5) The fifth round of national report was issued by the Minister of the Union Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), Government of India (GoI) at ‘Swasthya Chintan Shivir’ organized at Ekta Nagar (formerly known as Kevadiya) in Gujarat.
The primary goal of NFHS-5 is to provide essential data on family health and well-being as well as emerging areas in India such as demographic characteristics, fertility, family planning, infant and child mortality, maternal and child health, nutrition and anemia. , morbidity and health care, to provide data on women’s empowerment, etc.
- The national report also provides data for socioeconomic variables and other background variables that are useful for policy development and program implementation.
National Family Health Survey (NFHS):
The National Family Health Survey (NFHS) is a large-scale multi-wheeled survey conducted in a representative sample of households in India.
NFHS so far: NFHS-1 was conducted in 1992-93 and included all states except Sikkim; NFHS-2 was conducted in 1998-99 and included all states; NFHS-3 was conducted in 2005-06; And NFHS-4 was conducted in 2015-16.
Nodal Agency: The MoHFW designated the Bombay International Institute of Population Sciences (IIPS) as the nodal agency for all NFHS visits, with responsibility for survey coordination and technical guidance.
- Technical support for the NFHS was provided primarily by the ICF (United States) through the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) program, funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and other organizations. on specific issues.
National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5) 2019-21
i.In India, 17 regional agencies conducted NFHS-5 fieldwork in two phases, collecting data from 636,699 households in 707 districts (as of March 2017) in 28 states and 8 Union (UT) territories, including 7.24. 115 women and 1,01,839 men. were included, providing estimates that vary at the district level.
- Phase I from 17 June 2019 to 30 January 2020 covering 17 states and 5 territories of the Union
- Phase II from January 2, 2020 to April 30, 2021 covering 11 states and 3 territories of the union
ii.The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of India provided funding for NFHS-5.
Click here for the official report
iii. Extended range of NFHS-5: Compared to the first round of the survey (NFHS-4), death record, preschool education, expanded domains of childhood immunization, micronutrient components for children, menstrual hygiene, frequency of alcohol and tobacco use, others no- The scope of NFHS-5 has been expanded to include new dimensions, such as the Communicable Diseases (NCD) component, and an expanded age range to measure hypertension and diabetes in all 15-year-olds. years or more.
iv.The NFHS-5 provides information on key indicators that can be used to track the progress of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in India, and also provides data on some 34 SDG indicators at different levels.
Some key findings of NFHS-5: compared to NFHS-4
i.The total fertility rate (TFR), the average number of children per woman, decreased from 2.2 nationwide to 2.0 between NFHS-4 and 5.
- Only five states in India have fertility levels above the replacement level of 2.1. They are Bihar (2.98), Meghalaya (2.91), Uttar Pradesh (2.35), Jharkhand (2.26), Manipur (2.17).
ii.The overall contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) in India has increased from 54% to 67%.
iii.Institutional births in India have increased from 79% to 89%. Even in rural areas, about 87% of births take place in the hospital, compared to 94% in urban areas.
iv.In NFHS-5, more than three-quarters (77%) of children aged 12 to 23 months were fully vaccinated, compared with 62% in NFHS-4.
- Odisha (91%), Tamil Nadu (89%) and West Bengal (88%) have shown relatively high vaccination coverage.
v.In 2019-21, growth retardation is more common in children in rural areas (37%) than in urban areas (30%). The variation in growth retardation is lowest in Puducherry (20%) and highest in Meghalaya (47%).
you.Between NFHS-4 and NFHS-5, the use of cleaner cooking fuels (44% to 59%) and improved sanitation facilities (49% to 70%) have shown progress.
New dimensions in NFHS-6 (2023-24) – NFHS-5 as a model
i.The NFHS-6, which will take place in 2023-24, aims to cover several additional areas of dominance, such as: hospitalization and crisis financing of COVID-19, vaccination against COVID-19, Transfer of Director Benefits (DBT) , Migration and access to health services. etc.
ii.NFHS-6 will adopt the Urban Framework Survey (UFS, 2012-17) of the National Statistics Office (NSO), Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation (MoSPI) as a sampling framework for the urban sector.
Publication of rural health statistics for the year 2020-21 (RHS 2020-21)
The Ministry of Family Health and Welfare (MoHFW) has also launched the publication of Rural Health Statistics for 2020-21 (RHS 2020-21) on the occasion of Chintan Shivir on March 31, 2021.
- It is an important source of information on the health infrastructure and human resources available to public health institutions in all states and territories of the union.
key conclusions: According to RHS 2020-21, there are 157819 sub-centers (SC), 30579 primary health centers (PHC) and 5951 community health centers (CHC) in rural and urban areas of India. In addition, there are a total of 1224 subdivision / subdistrict hospitals and 764 district (DH) hospitals in India.
Advance on the publication of rural health statistics
MoHFW has been publishing Rural Health Statistics (RHS) since 1992.
- It contains important information on human resources and health infrastructure available in public health facilities of India on March 31 of each year.
- From 2018-19, the figures for urban health components have been included in the publication.
RHS facilitates the search for new resources for better public health management. Policy planners, researchers, NGOs and other stakeholders make extensive use of data for policy decision-making and intervention.
XIV Conference of the Central Council for Family Health and Welfare (CCHFW):
The Minister of the Union Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya, Ministry of Family Health and Welfare (MoHFW) hosted the 14th Conference of the Central Council of Family Health and Welfare (CCHFW) in Ekta Nagar (formerly known as Kevadia) at the Gujarat Ministry of Health. He presided over the “Chintan Shivir.”
- The NQAS (Net Quality Assurance Standard) portal of the Ministry of Family Health and Welfare and the Prime Minister’s National Dialysis Portal were also launched at the event.
About the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW):
central minister – Mansukh Mandaviya (Rajya Sabha – Gujarat)
Minister of State (MoS) Dr. Bharti Praveen Pawar (Dindori District, Maharashtra)
Departments under MoHFW – Department of Family Health and Welfare; health research department