Obesity and malnutrition is a growing problem among women, these figures are causing concern

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Due to a variety of reasons, including diet, obesity may not be a sign of wealth today, but the cause of malnutrition remains poverty. Due to malnutrition in India, where more than fifty percent of women are giving birth to children with weak, dwarf and congenital diseases and are facing anemic diseases, there are some states in the country where obesity it is a serious physical problem for women. And it’s becoming a mental problem.

Obesity is a major problem for women in a dozen states

According to the National Family Health Survey-5 published by the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, there has been an increase in the prevalence of overweight or obesity in most states / UTs.

Obesity is home to disease

Being overweight or obese puts extra pressure on your joints and cartilage, which can increase your risk of osteoarthritis. Metabolic syndrome can cause many physical problems in obese people, which can increase the risk of heart disease, diabetes and stroke. It has also been implicated as a factor in neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease.

The prevalence of obesity is 40.3%. claims to be

According to a research paper by Murali Banktrao et al., Published in May 2021 in the journal Annals of Neuroscience of the Indian Academy of Neuroscience, although to date there is no accurate estimate of obesity or obesity in india. However, the researchers concluded based on samples from 1,00,531 adults across the country, the prevalence of obesity in India is 40.3%. This amplitude is not uniform.

According to the document, the obesity problem was found to be higher in the south at 46.51 percent and in the northeast at 32.96 percent. Obesity was found in women compared to men. 41.88% were found in women and 38.67% in men. It was found to be 36.08 per cent in rural area and 44.17 per cent in urban area. and 44.6 percent among the most educated and 38 percent among those without education than those under 40 (34.58 percent versus 45.81 percent). Meanwhile, the undernourished population in India has reached 200 million, including women in the 15-50 age group suffering from anemia.

The situation is worse in rural areas. Malnutrition is one of the leading causes of high maternal and child mortality. If mothers are malnourished, their babies will also be malnourished because they only receive their first food from the malnourished mother. According to the previous National Family Health Survey (NFHM-4), Report 2015-16, 35.7% of children under the age of five were underweight and 38.4% had a growth retardation . This represents a decrease from previous data of 42.5% prematurity and 48% growth retardation among children under five reported in NFHS-3, 2005-06.

The Curse of Malnutrition

Growth retardation has irreversible physical and mental effects on children. A child with growth retardation is too young for their age, lacks full development, and shows high growth in the early years and extreme malnutrition during the most critical periods of development. The latest report on family health states that the level of growth retardation among children under the age of 5 in India has been marginally reduced from 38 to 36 per cent over the past four years.

Dwarfism is more prevalent among children in rural areas (37%) than in urban areas (30%) in 2019-21. Dwarf variation is lowest in Puducherry (20%) and highest in Meghalaya (47%). A decrease in dwarfism was observed in Haryana, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Sikkim (7 percentage points each), Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Manipur (6 percentage points each) and Chandigarh and Bihar (5 percentage points each).

Malnutrition of women and children is the result of poverty

Poverty is the real cause of malnutrition in women and children. According to the latest World Bank report, 22% of India’s population, that is, 270 million people are poor. According to this report, one in five Indians is poor. 62% of the country’s poor live in low-income states, which is 45% of the country’s total population. 80% of the poor in India live in rural areas. Uttar Pradesh ranks first in poverty where 60% of the poor live. Bihar is number two and Madhya Pradesh is number three.

The maternal mortality rate is still 103 per lakh of births in the country

According to the Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) report released by the General Registry of India, the maternal mortality rate in the country has dropped from 113 per lakh part during 2016-18 to 103 in 2017-19. Previously, the maternal mortality rate between 2014 and 2016 was 130. The General Registry report states that India will be able to reduce the maternal mortality rate to 70 per lakh of live births by 2030. states that have already achieved this goal have gone from 5 to 7.

The names of these states are: Kerala (30), Maharashtra (38), Telangana (56), Tamil Nadu (58), Andhra Pradesh (58), Jharkhand (61) and Gujarat (70). There are now 9 states that have achieved the MMR goal set by NHP. In which, apart from these 7 states, the states of Karnataka (83) and Haryana (96) have been included.

This report on family health and well-being covers population, family health and well-being and related areas such as population characteristics, fertility, family planning, infant and child mortality, maternal and child health, nutrition and anemia, morbidity and health care, empowerment of the woman. detailed information on key areas, etc.

Disclaimer (Disclaimer): These are personal opinions of the author. Amar Ujala is not responsible for the accuracy, completeness of the information and the facts contained in the article. Also give us your thoughts [email protected] can be sent. Attach a brief introduction and a photo with the article.

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Due to a variety of reasons, including diet, obesity may not be a sign of wealth today, but the cause of malnutrition remains poverty. Due to malnutrition in India, where more than fifty percent of women are giving birth to children with weak, dwarf and congenital diseases and are facing anemic diseases, there are some states in the country where obesity it is a serious physical problem for women. And it’s becoming a mental problem.


Obesity is a major problem for women in a dozen states

According to the National Family Health Survey-5 published by the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, there has been an increase in the prevalence of overweight or obesity in most states / UTs.

Nationally, obesity has increased from 21% to 24% in women and from 19% to 23% in men. More than a third of women in Kerala, Andaman and Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Sikkim, Manipur, Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Punjab, Chandigarh and Lakshadweep (34-46%) are overweight or obese. While the level of maternal and child malnutrition and anemia in the country has reached alarming levels and the cycle passed down from generation to generation needs to be broken.

Obesity is home to disease

Being overweight or obese puts extra pressure on your joints and cartilage, which can increase your risk of osteoarthritis. Metabolic syndrome can cause many physical problems in obese people, which can increase the risk of heart disease, diabetes and stroke. It has also been implicated as a factor in neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease.

The main reason for increasing obesity is that over a long period of time you burn fewer calories than you eat in daily activity and exercise. Over time, these extra calories build up and cause weight gain. But apart from these, there may be other reasons for obesity.

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