Image for symbolic use only.
In light of the 2021 National Success Survey, concern and debate over the state of education has begun. Which state is ahead, who is behind: on this basis, state assessment and policy are being conducted. The state that was considered a failure in education is at the forefront and the state that claims to be at the forefront is seen as a failure. Is the National Achievement Survey 2021 really a mirror of the state of education in the states and ultimately in the country?
From the point of view of the National Achievement Survey, that is, NAS-2021, let us first look at what is visible. The survey, conducted every three years, makes a holistic assessment of the school education system by assessing the abilities of 3rd, 5th, 8th and 10th grade students. In the last survey, 34.01 lakh students from 1.18 lakh schools in the country remained under the control of the survey. Questions were asked in different classes on subjects like Language, Mathematics, Environmental Studies, Science, Social Science, English, Modern Indian Language.
In the table below you can see the national grade point average for Class 3, Class 5, Class 8, Class 10 and Punjab and Delhi performance against. Punjab has not only performed brilliantly compared to Delhi. Rather, Punjab’s performance is better than any other state in the country. Delhi is far behind in this poll.
Returning to this question, does this survey really assess the state of education in the country? NAS 2021 tries to assess the potential developed as a result of the study (Learning Outcome), but it may reveal the state of education: academics disagree.
Sandeep Pandey, recipient of the prestigious international honor Magsaysay, believes that the intelligence of children is often tested by prestigious institutions in the country, the state and society for their needs. It really has nothing to do with the well-being of children. Education and examination are two different things. A teacher knows the potential of his students and can grade or give grades without an exam. We really need to keep students away from overcoming and suspension.
Professor Sanjay Singh Baghel of Delhi University believes that if we want to understand the state of education, we need to see what the state of practical education is, if there are basic facilities in the school-university offering education or not. In reference to the qualification of the predominant teaching staff abroad, Prof. Baghel says that if the student succeeds in life, then the qualification of the teachers who teach him should increase. This system is what raises the level of education.
CBP educator Srivastava, who is training for IAS, believes that instead of taking the student exam, the teacher exam should be done. The evaluation of the education system is based on its results. CBP Srivastava also links teacher assessment to curriculum quality. They say that if the curriculum includes everything, including practical education, moral education and has qualified teachers and infrastructure to implement it, then the question of reducing the level of education is not raised.
Professor Dr AK Singh, associated with higher education in Uttar Pradesh, says that whatever the scale of NAAS 2021, he is not able to indicate the state of education in any state. They say that a student who is studying a subject deeply may not score well on the exam, but that does not mean that the level of education in his state is bad. Dr. Singh believes that there are many initiatives, such as making education accessible to the poor, developing infrastructure and making education useful for life, which can measure a state’s level of education. Dr Singh wonders if Delhi is lagging behind NAS 2021, how do you get 99 per cent results on CBSE board exams?
Given the school ranking of India Education 2021-22, only one school in Punjab is listed in the top 50 schools, which is at number 40. Not a single school in Delhi is able to reach the top. 50 best. This means that despite the 99 per cent results on the CBSE board, the level of education in Delhi is not enough to improve the school’s ranking. 99 percent of children are approving, but in terms of talent, they are far behind children in the best schools in the country. At NAS 2021, even though Punjab is at the top, the school is far behind in the rankings, so questions about the level of education also arise.
It is clear that from the Education India Education Ranking 2021-22, it is known which states have such well-equipped schools where children perform well, but what is the level of education in the state? respectively. From these examples, it is clear that the education system cannot be assessed by examining the merit or talent of students alone. It is also worth mentioning that the talent assessment base is not perfect either. Asking questions with a certain pattern is not necessary for a proper assessment of talent.
Scholars believe that children are definitely involved in project work in schools, but it has become a fiction. The works of the project are being prepared or are being carried out according to the demand of the markets. Parents either help the project children work on their own or buy it from the market and make it available. Children do not seem to be able to learn anything even by joining this project. The whole purpose seems to be in vain. Sure, kids will have the numbers, schools will look better too, but in reality all of this has become a part of false claims.
Scholars also believe that today both teachers and students are under pressure. There is pressure to teach and study. In this situation, the original goal of acquiring knowledge seems to deviate and only the competition for points is visible. Schools do not want to see their performance deteriorate and therefore do not hesitate to give grades. At the same time, students are busy doing homework in some way and satisfying their teachers. To do this, they are ready to buy cut-and-paste, copy and project work. In this situation, quality education has become a fantasy.
(The author is a freelance journalist. Opinions are personal.)