Electoral reforms have become necessary. Electoral reforms have become necessary now

The term should be set for a member of the Lok Sabha or the Legislative Assembly to remain in office for five years. He should not be allowed to resign or change sides during his term. If they resign, the runner-up should be given the opportunity to represent their constituency.

Posted: June 28, 2022 7:18:05 PM

Amitabh Tiwari
The political crisis of political columnists and commentators in Maharashtra, the displacement of deputies from one resource to another, manipulative politics, allegations of use of monetary power and the alleged misuse of central investigative agencies are some of the problems that show the extent to which our democratic institutions have been ridiculed. . There is an urgent and urgent need for electoral reforms in India. Anti-desertion laws designed to prevent horse trade by public representatives have lost their effectiveness, as has recently been seen in Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka. Horse trade complaints are common. Even if a group of lawmakers does not have a two-thirds majority to dissolve the party, they exercise their own interests by manipulating the legal provisions. It got to the point when Congress deputies from those states resigned and ran in by-elections in the same seat as the BJP ticket and taxpayers were forced to bear the election expenses. Obviously we need to strengthen the electoral process.
There are currently eight national parties in India: BJP, Congress, NCP, Trinamool Congress, Bahujan Samaj Party, CPM, CPI and NPP (National People’s Party). The influence of the NPP is found mainly in Meghalaya. Trinamool, NCP and CPM have no significant presence outside their home states of West Bengal, Maharashtra and Kerala, respectively. In a true sense, apart from the BJP and Congress, no other party deserves to be a national party. National party status should only be granted to parties that get at least 5% of the vote in the general election. Only these national and regional parties should be able to participate in general elections that have garnered a minimum of five percent of the vote in any state election. Yes, independents need to be allowed to run in any election. In the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, 669 parties had run.
Currently, the maximum spending limit for assembly elections is set at 40 lakh rupees and for Lok Sabha elections at 95 lakh rupees. Apart from that, the party can also spend a lot on star campaigns. According to the Center for Media Studies (CMS), sixty billion rupees were spent in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections. This means that more than one hundred million rupees was spent in one constituency. Now, the simple question is how can an ordinary man, who does not have the title of any consolidated party, run in the elections? For the rich and famous, competing in elections has become a “game”.
State funding for turnout in elections can help reduce the impact of black money on elections and lead to a transparent funding mechanism. The change in the pattern of electoral competition will reduce the number of parties jumping into the electoral struggle. Therefore, state funding will be needed. For a member of Lok Sabha or Vidhan Sabha, the period of honorable stay for five years should be fixed. He should not be allowed to resign or change sides during his term. If he resigns, the runner-up should be given the opportunity to represent his constituency.
This is necessary to prevent one party from leaving and switching to another and then running in another party’s by-elections. Many MPs are vying for Lok Sabha elections as candidates and if they win, the vacancy for resignation must be maintained. Elections are imposed on us and the expense that has been made in these by-elections falls into the pockets of taxpayers. As happened recently in Rampur, Azamgarh and Sangrur.
Currently, the only means of registering a protest is NOTE (None of the above). Even if the maximum number of votes is in favor of NOTE, the runner-up candidate is declared the winner. If NOTE gets the majority of votes, there should be re-election. Candidates and parties with fewer NOTA votes should not be allowed to run in the next election from the same seat. The turnout in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections was less than 70. Citizens who have emigrated to other cities to work and have the DNI of their place of birth cannot vote. The Electoral Commission should have the option of electronic voting based on the Aadhaar identifier. This has a strong potential to increase the percentage of votes. Along with this, people should not be allowed to participate from two seats. Stop this. After all, they only represent one seat. There are re-elections to the second seat and there is an additional cost.
These measures must be approved so that the political party leaving the seat will not be able to run in the by-elections or will have to bear the costs of the by-elections. In this case, the runner-up must be declared the winner. Voters should also have the right to “revoke” the revocation of elected representatives. Should this right be exercised every year? I suggest that this right should be exercised after the end of two and a half years in the term of office of a Member. Should it be done on the basis of a full survey or a survey or an opinion poll? These are some of the problems that can be solved, detailed. These measures will motivate the powerless to formulate sound policies.

Electoral reforms have become necessary now

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