India’s life expectancy at birth rose to 69.7, still below the world average of 72.6

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Issued by the General Registry and the Census Commissioner sample registration system (SRS) Short life chart 2015-2019 According to data from India Life expectancy at birth From the period 2015-2019 69.7 it has risen and remains the world average 72.6 is less than.

  • In 2015-19, higher life expectancy at birth 75.9 years with NCT of Delhi While Chhattisgarh has the lowest life expectancy at birth at 65.3 years.
  • India’s life expectancy at birth 20 years which went from 49.7 in 1970-75 to 69.7 in 2015-2019.
  • Life expectancy in rural and urban areas has increased by 0.3 years and 0.4 years respectively compared to 2014-18.
  • The 5 best state performers for the period 2015-19 are:
  1. Delhi
  2. Kerala,
  3. Jammu and Kashmir
  4. Himachal Pradesh i
  5. Punjab

Main features of the report:

i.Nationally, life expectancy at birth is estimated at 68.4 years for men and 71.1 years for women.

  • life expectancy at birth for men Delhi (74.3 years) I women per Kerala (78.0 years) most in Month While it is lower in Chhattisgarh (63.7 years) for men and Uttar Pradesh (66.2 years) for women.

ii Odisha highest increase in 24 years, followed by Tamil Nadu from 45.7 to 69.8 years. Uttar Pradeshwith life expectancy at birth lowest at just 43 years in 1970-75 it has risen to 65.6 in 2015-2019.

iii.In terms of birth (0-0 years), life expectancy is higher in urban areas than in rural areas for most States / UTs; Except Kerala, which has reported a high rural life expectancy at birth.

Data relating to the urban and rural gap:

and Himachal Pradesh Urban women had the highest life expectancy of 82.3 years Chhattisgarh Rural men had the lowest life expectancy in the United States at 62.8 years, representing a difference of 15.8 years.

ii Assam In the US, there is a gap of about 8 years in life expectancy between rural and urban areas, followed by Himachal Pradesh with a difference of 5 years.,

iii Kerala It is the only state where rural life expectancy at birth was higher than urban for both women and men.

iv. Tomorrow I Jharkhand In the United States, men’s life expectancy was higher than that of women in both urban and rural areas.

summary on the life table

  • A life table summarizes the mortality experience of a population during the study period. A life table is a mathematical table that gives the life story of a group or hypothetical group as it gradually decreases from death. It gives the probabilities of death and survival at different ages. groups.
  • It presents a life expectancy scenario at birth and in different age groups of five years.
  • Life expectancy at birth generally (e00), measures the average number of years a person is expected to live below the current mortality rate.
  • The current report includes abbreviated life tables for the period 2015-19 by gender and residence for India and large states / UT with population of 10 million or more such as Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal.

Main idea:

i.Below the world average, the main reason is the high infant mortality rate and the under-five mortality rate.

iiThe difference between life expectancy at birth and life expectancy at one or five years is greater in states with the highest infant mortality rates (IMR), such as Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, which include Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh , Gujarat, Assam and other states. with Odisha are included.

  • In Madhya Pradesh, which has the highest IMR of 43, life expectancy reaches 2.7 years after completing 1 year.
  • In Uttar Pradesh, with an IMR of 38, life expectancy at the end of the first year is about 3.4 years.

About the sample registration system (SRS):

i.The Sample Registration System (SRS) provides reliable annual estimates of infant mortality, birth rates, mortality rates, and other indicators of fertility and mortality at the national and subnational levels.

ii.It was piloted by the General Registry of India in some states in 1964-65 and came into operation during 1969-70.

About the Ministry of the Interior (MoHA):

central minister Amit Shah (Gandhinagar constituency, Gujarat)
Minister of State – Nityanand Rai, Ajay Kumar Mishra, Nisith Pramanik

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