Despite all the claims of progress, the world has not yet been able to find the right way to dispose of plastic waste. The result is that there are so many piles of plastic waste around the world that if all the rubbish is put together, it can become a mountain three times bigger than Everest.
Today, that is, from July 1, the ban on single-use plastic (single-use plastic) that is discarded after use will come into force. These plastic items include things from polyethylene bags to water bottles, plastic cups, bowls, plates and straws. Even earlier, while addressing the nation on August 15, 2019, the Prime Minister had talked about banning single-use plastic from October 2, 2019. But then it was not possible because banning plastic is not as easy as it sounds. But now with the kind of determination and rigor that the government has shown, it has become clear that they will not take a step back now.
A major hurdle to banning the use of plastic is that many people associated with the plastics industry in the country are said to be unemployed. According to the Central Pollution Control Board, there are currently about 700 such large units in the country that make disposable plastic items. Large entrepreneurs or industrialists may still move towards alternative agreements, but small entrepreneurs whose families depend on the business of these things may face a subsistence crisis.
This situation also puts the government in a dilemma because any democratic system is and must be committed to the interest of the most marginalized sector. In the markets you can see many people of this type who carry bundles of bags with bicycles to different shops and make arrangements for the food of their families by giving them the items they need. In this situation, a total ban on plastic can distract millions of people. Right now the situation is that some well-known companies have also urged the government to reconsider this decision as they do not even have proper options for packaging, etc., of their product.
In the last two or three decades, plastic has become such an integral part of people’s habits and lifestyle that without it one cannot imagine a comfortable life. Carrying a cloth bag with you today seems to be a thing of the past. People wait for the shopkeeper to give them the bag (Keri Baig). Now, as plastic bags are relatively cheap, the shopkeeper gives the offer to the bag. Paper bags are not usually strong and the cost of cloth bags is enough to sell them to a normal customer. In this situation, both the shopkeeper and the customer cannot get rid of the temptation of plastic bags.
Then there is also the possibility that the media adopted as an alternative to plastic are more dangerous for the environment than the use of plastic. Suppose the common man makes the use of paper bags a habit. We all know that the more the use of paper increases, the more the crisis of the existence of trees will increase. In this situation, over-encouraging the use of paper cannot be considered a very good option.
Psychologists believe that if people are forced to give up the use of plastics by putting extra pressure on them, then they may be able to adopt these alternatives in response, the production of which uses more harmful and almost harmful chemicals. for the environment. harmful. In this situation, it would be better to make people aware of the damage of plastic and encourage them to adopt ecological alternatives. But sometimes people also have to resort to pressure to explain their interest.
In 1907, when a scientist named Leo Bakeland of New York created a synthetic plastic and named it bakelite, then no one could have imagined that plastic would become a major threat to the environment around the world. Polyethylene was accidentally invented in 1933. But because of its lightness and strength of the fibers, it became popular in sight. In 1965, a Swedish company even patented a polyethylene bag. Gradually, polyethylene was dominating other walks of life and cloth bags, paper bags were almost out of circulation by plastic bags. Soon the plastics industry became a major industry in the world. In developing countries, the subsistence of a large part of the population is related to their production and marketing.
But using plastic also has its dangers. The world adopted plastic for the first time with great care considering its facilities and did not pay attention to the challenges that arose from it. As a result, piles of plastic waste began to pile up everywhere. The problem is that generations pass until the plastic is completely removed. Burning plastic waste is even more harmful to the environment because burning plastics releases a lot of toxic gases that make the environment suffocating. Despite all the claims of progress, so far the world has not been able to find the right way to dispose of plastic waste. The result is that there are so many piles of plastic waste in the world that if all the rubbish is put together, it can become a mountain three times bigger than Everest.
We can easily see the consequences of dumping plastic waste on the country’s roads. Every day news is published in the newspapers that doctors have removed large amounts of bags from a cow’s stomach. Thousands of animals become infected and die each year due to the plastic in their stomachs. Perhaps this is why the world is becoming aware of minimizing the use of plastic, especially disposable ones. It is important to note that developing countries have shown greater awareness in this direction than developed countries.
For the first time in 2002, Bangladesh completely banned plastic bags. Kenya banned disposable plastics in 2017. Zimbabwe banned so-called polystyrene plastic packaging in 2017 and imposed fines on those who break the rule. Britain imposed a tax on the use of plastic bags. Although the US has not made any policy against disposable plastic at the federal level, but some states have taken the initiative to ban the use of plastic at their level.
The growing use of plastic cannot be said at all in the interest of mankind. Controlling the use of plastic can be difficult, but nothing is impossible for a human being, as long as you make a determination once. If there is enough cooperation at the citizenry level along with government efforts, then how will it not be possible to get rid of plastic?