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- The heroines wore Zari Zardozi, used to enhance the glory of royal clothing, Biden received a gift Banarasi
New Delhi38 minutes agoAuthor: Sunakshi Gupta
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India’s precious arts are leaving their mark on the G-7 summit in Germany. Recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has presented beautiful handicrafts prepared in different areas of the state to world leaders to mark Uttar Pradesh’s “One District One Product” scheme.
Read how Art Banarasi Pink Meenakari was invented? The full story of Black Pottery Art arrives in Nizamabad.
Banaras’ “Pink Meenakari” business is dominated by women
The most famous after the Pan-sari and Ghat of Banaras is ‘Banarasi Gulabi Meenkari’. This art was used during the Mughal period to make crowns, garments and jewelry with gems. Prime Minister Modi gifted US President Joe Biden with a pink Meenakari Peacock brooch and a set of ready-made buttons at Banaras. The twin is designed for the president and the peacock brooch for the first lady.
To make this craft, gold and silver are mixed in the oven by heating it to a temperature of 600 to 1200 degrees Celsius. After this pink paint is done to the opaque Meena, which is why it is also called Pink Meenakari. It was used in jewelry, decorative items and silver, and so on. The artisans of this craft can be seen in the Gai Ghat area of Varanasi.
Women earn between 15 and 20 thousand rupees every month by making pink enamel.
There was a time when Meenakari’s art was dying. Meanwhile, the government decided to reclaim this art and spread it in the country and in the world. Meenakari received the GI tag. That is, Pink Meenakari had her own identity. This increased the demand for Meenakari art and also increased the market value.
Compared to the rest of the jewelry industry, women dominate Meenakari. Most of the women who do Pink Meenakari are housewives. In order to reclaim meenakari pink art, Banaras women receive 300 rupees as remuneration every day to learn this government labor.
“Jordi carving” in Moradabad brass won Obama’s heart
India is the world’s largest producer of brass utensils. Brass utensils have been used here for thousands of years. Traditional art made in these utensils is also very popular with people all over the world. Even former U.S. President Barack Obama was a fan of twisted sizes. Ikram Hussain Ansari of Moradabad, awarded by the government of India, won the heart of Obama by engraving the image of Jesus Christ in a brass jar with his own hands. Seeing his labor, he also wrote a letter from the Rashtrapati Bhavan of America praising this art.
Prime Minister Modi has given German Chancellor Olaf Scholz a pot with twisted carvings. Hand engraved brass items, which is a Moradabad art. To make this design, first prepare your sketch on paper. It is then engraved on the ship, this labor itself is called Tuesday.
Moradabad brass utensils from Moradabad are sold for Rs.250 to Rs.1.5 lakhs.
See archaeological records, brass became popular in India in the 3rd century BC and most idols of gods and goddesses were also made of brass. Most brass utensils are made in Moradabad and have sizes. Brass utensils made in Moradabad are exported to many countries in America, the United Kingdom, Canada, Germany, Asia and the Middle East. That is why Moradabad is called Brass City.
Heroines in the movies’ Zari- Bringing ‘Zardozi’ to ordinary women
Prime Minister Modi has given perfume bottles in a zardozi box to French President Emmanuel Macron. The Zardozi boxes are made in Lucknow, hand-embroidered with French colors on khadi ration and satin fabric.
Zardozi is the art of making a charismatic fabric of gold and silver threads wrapped in fine needles. In fact, the name Zardozi comes from Persian, which means gold embroidery. This golden thread art came to Delhi in the 12th century. During the time of the Mughal emperor Akbar, the costumes of kings and queens were made of zari thread. Zardozi’s work flourished at the time and was adopted primarily by Lucknow artisans. Today in Lucknow, about 4,000 people are associated with this work. Saris, lehenga-cholis, curtains, pillows, bags, animal ornaments, wallets, shoes, belts and coats are decorated with Zardozi embroidery.
Zari-Zardozi clothing made in Lucknow goes to countries like Saudi Arabia, America, Singapore and so on.
Zari, formerly confined to royal families and traditions, has now reached the common man. We can also give credit to Indian cinema. Zardozi’s work in the 1970s was limited. But in 1980, in Bombay, designers adopted zari-zardozi to give a real look to the costumes of the heroines of many Hindi films. For the first time this art went beyond the limits of Lucknow. For the first time between 1980 and 2000, Zardozi’s work was recognized as an industry. Craftsmen from the neighborhoods around Lucknow began coming to town to learn Zari work. The demand for Zardozi embroidered clothing is not only in the country, but all over the world.
Black Pottery came to Nizamabad from Kutch, Gujarat
The Prime Minister has given a piece of black pottery to the Prime Minister of Japan, Fumio Kishida. A special method is adopted to prepare the famous black pottery that came to the city of Nizamabad from the Azamgarh district of Uttar Pradesh through Gujarat. Earth pots are made all over the world, but India is the only country where black pottery is made, which gives it a different identity all over the world.
Black pottery made in Nizamabad is made in a special way. They are prepared in an oxygen-free oven, so that their color turns black. Some potters from the Kutch region of Gujarat emigrated to Nizamabad during the Mughal period of Aurangzeb. There a silver drawing was made on the pottery made of clay. The utensils were decorated with silver wires. This art is inspired by Bidriware of Allahabad. These utensils are made especially with Nizamabad fine clay. After heating them, they are washed with vegetable powder, rubbed with mustard oil. It is decorated with various patterns. Heated in a closed oven with rice bran in a smoky fire, this gives a different shine to black pottery. Finally, once again rub the oil and cook.
Black pottery is baked about 3 or 4 times in different ovens, which makes it strong and special.
When the pottery is ready, its grooves are filled with silver powder which gives it a real look and is polished at the end. Nizamabad black pottery is famous at home and abroad. Not only utensils are prepared, but also decorative items such as vases, plates, lamps, tea sets, bowls and idols of God. In 2015, Nizamabad’s black pottery art gained a different identity with a GI label. More than 200 families are involved in this craft in Nizamabad.
Ayodhya temple increased the demand for wooden “Ram Darbar”
The wooden toy industry in Varanasi is many years old. From the first stone of Ram temple in Ayodhya, most tourists will definitely come to visit Vishwanath temple in Ayodhya and then Kashi. This is the reason why toy traders mainly started to manufacture wooden Ram Darbar and today their demand has increased across the country. The wooden Darbar Ram built in Banaras is sold in most religious tourist sites.
Prime Minister Modi has given Indonesian President Joko Widodo the Ram Darbar built in Kashi. He also has a different story. It is made with lacquered paint on sycamore wood. She has the idols of Shri Ram, the goddess Sita, Lord Hanuman and Jatayu.
Swelling and pain are reduced with the bark and leaves of the sycamore, old wounds are also removed.
Like peepal, tulsi, banyan and bel, sycamore is also worshiped in Hinduism. It is also associated with the planet Venus, which is thought to give material happiness to life. Sycamore is a medicinal plant whose fruit, bark, leaves and root are used to cure many diseases.
Now Ram Darbar is also being built in the Varanasi wooden toy industry. Amar Agarwal and Bihari Lal Aggarwal, associated with the wooden toy industry, said that after the inauguration of Kashi Vishwanath Dham and the first stone of the Ram temple in Ayodhya, the number of tourists is increasing very rapidly. This has helped a lot in the wooden toy industry. Despite Corona, the order has been received for next year.
The 250 million industry will get a boost by giving a gift to a foreign leader
In early 2018, the Uttar Pradesh government had launched a plan to promote handicrafts in this region under “A product of a district” in each district. 250 million was earmarked to boost these industries. Sociologist Prashant R Chauhan of the Amity School of Social Science explains that there are many logics and benefits behind giving these gifts to global leaders.
By giving away a foreign leader, foreign media give him coverage, thus promoting global Indian handicrafts.
Artisans have the opportunity to participate in foreign exhibitions.
– Exports increase, business grows. People who like these crafts care about them in their country.
India is represented by Art and Culture. While remembering the foreign representative of our country, we also make gifts that promote our culture.
There is an era of online shopping, now people can get these crafts online at home without reaching any other state or region.
– Increases awareness of unique products.