Research: More than 30% of children with malnutrition in six Himachal districts

Author: Virender KumarDate Posted: Monday, July 4, 2022 2:55 PM (IST)Date Updated: Monday, July 4, 2022 2:55 PM (IST)

Shimla, Yadvendra Sharma.

Health survey, the way children feed and feed is not correct. Parental negligence and fast food make children malnourished. This is the reason that in six districts of Himachal Pradesh, more than 30 per cent of children under five are malnourished.

According to the National Family Health Survey-5, except Sirmaur and Shimla district, the rate of malnutrition has increased in the remaining 10 districts compared to last year. The state government spends thousands of rupees to eliminate malnutrition, but its benefits do not reach them.

Children from privileged households are also included in the effects of malnutrition, i.e., underweight, short stature and obesity. Pediatricians say many parents are unaware of their children’s diet. 80% of children in the state are addicted to fast food. Because of this also the number of children who are malnourished and obese is high. Children under the age of five in the state have been found to be more malnourished than in previous years. The number of malnourished children in the state is 38 percent, while the number of anemia is 53 percent.

For this reason, work will now be done on seven key points of the 65 million child nutrition plan to eliminate child malnutrition.

Main causes of malnutrition and obesity

– Negligence of parents.

Fast food habit in children.

Not taking a proper diet from the mother during pregnancy.

Parents do not know the proper diet of their children.

Instill in children the habit of overeating.

The schemes do not reach the most needy.

Premature birth of babies.

Lack of exercise and yoga play in children.

symptoms of malnutrition

Children suffering from severe malnutrition present with symptoms such as dryness, swelling of the feet, being ill, loss of appetite, wounds on the tongue and white eyes and palms.

Children are more likely to die from diarrhea, measles, pneumonia and other diseases.

If the child’s health is neglected for two years, due to malnutrition, the health and mental development of these children are affected.

These children may be weak, less focused on studies, less interested in all subjects.

Diet and precautions of the baby from six to nine months

Give vegetable and fruit puree, cereals and porridge to the child six to nine months two or three times a day.

Initially, give two to three tablespoons, which can be increased to one or two bowls.

Be patient while feeding small children. Always cheer. Gradually increase the amount of food.

Provide breast milk at the request of the child.

Food should be soft and thick, so that the child can eat and digest it easily.

Change your food every day. Give the child salty or sweet taste.

Sitting on your lap and talking lovingly, feed him in moderation.

Diet and precautions after nine months

Give the child crushed food or small pieces.

Adding a tablespoon of ghee or jaggery to a child’s food increases the energy of the food.

– Have the child sit in the sun for a while.

Eat small meals frequently.

Weigh the child from time to time.

The element iron is needed along with vitamins

Vitamin A supplements should be taken every six months to five years. Iron is essential for strength from the age of six months. Once every six months, the doctor should prescribe the medicine to kill the worms in the stomach. Vaccinate your children on time. Be sure to include fruits, vegetables, milk, cottage cheese and cheese in your diet.

Eighty percent of children who attend a health check-up are addicted to fast food. Because of this, children’s weight and height are declining. Relatives don’t even know what the children’s diet should be.

-Doctor. Mangala Sood, pediatric specialist IGMC, Shimla.

Different programs are being carried out to save children from malnutrition. Under the Mukhyamantri Bal Suposhan Yojana, along with 11,000 children, lactating women and adolescents are also being monitored. They will be healthy and free of malnutrition. The health check is done along with a nutritious diet.

Rupali Thakur, Director of the Department of Women and Child Development.

The facts revealed in the survey report

district, short stature, low weight

Districte, 2015-16,2019-20,2015-16,2019-20,

Chamba, 29.9,42.6,22.5,26.0

Bilaspur, 27.2,40.01,23.4,38.8

Kullu ,, 19.0,35.9,11.0,25.6

Solan, 27.6,32.3,29.4,26.7

Kinnaur, 18.4,32.2,15.9,18.9

Mandi, 26.3,31.3,16.2,21.3

Sirmaur, 23.5,28.6,25.3,24.2

Kangra, 25.6,28.0,23.3,32.0

Hamirpur, 29.3,27.3,19.4,23.6

Shimla, 30.3,27.1,24.8,14.9

One, 22.6,24.7,5.9,14.6

Lahaul Spiti, 9.8,19.7,7.3,10.3

Total, 26,3,30,8,, 21,2,25,5

Note: In Himachal, 10698 families, 10638 women, and 1477 men were included in the National Family Health Survey. The numbers are in percentage.

Government schemes and objectives

Integrated Child Protection Scheme: Provide education, food and health services to the needs of children’s ashrams.

Integrated Child Development Program: Provide nutrition, preschool education and vaccination to pregnant mothers, infants and children aged six months to six years through the Anganwadi centers.

Half-Day Meal Program: Lunch meals are offered for children in grades I through VIII of public schools.

School Health Program: Children’s health check-up, treatment, medications, and free surgeries.

People’s Health, Sanitation and Nutrition Committee: Advice on adequate nutrition, regular and complete immunization of children, monitoring of children’s physical and intellectual development.

That’s why the benefits of the programs don’t reach people.

There are many reasons why the benefits of government programs running to eliminate malnutrition do not reach the population. Children are not using the nutrients prescribed by the central and state governments, such as porridge and soybean powder, etc., in the amount given to them. Apart from this, the goods being donated are no longer given in this proportion of Anganwadi centers. There are many people who do not know what foods are given to overcome the lack of nutrients or how much there is. Children who have not taken refuge in Bal and Balika’s ashram do not receive food according to the criteria.

Edited by: Virender Kumar

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