The Netherlands is a small country located in northwestern Europe. Geographically, a large part is below sea level, so it is naturally doomed to face the threat of flooding. The sea and the Netherlands have been fighting for land for a long time. But in recent years, the Netherlands has introduced to the world the concept of “River Room”, under which the path of a river or flood water is identified and given a path. towards the sea. Now the leaders of the countries affected by the floods around the world continue to visit the Netherlands to understand the concept “The river room”. Some prime ministers and ministers of Indian states have also gone there and tried to understand it.
Now look at an interesting development from Silchar to Assam: in Silchar there is an area called Mahis Bill, which means a lake or a crater-like area. In this low-lying area, there was an outbreak of the Barak River. So the government built an absurd embankment so that river water would not enter the city. Things looked good, but because of this embankment, not even rainwater found a way to reach the river. As a result, the floods began to get worse. For years, the people of the neighborhood were demanding a solution for this embankment, which became a wall between the river and the rain.
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People broke the embankment when the water filled up
When the first floods of this year occurred in May, the city was flooded and people got tired and broke the Betukhandi embankment so that the water would flow into the river, which also provided immediate relief. But when there was heavy rain and flooding for the second time in the same month, the picture changed and the Barak River wreaked havoc with this broken embankment. This incident gave the chief minister of Assam the opportunity to hold people accountable for this flood.
The image of the “second time” of floods in a month’s time must be understood a little. The word “second time” is actually the first and most troubling sign of India’s environmental challenge and has certainly not yet reached the G-7 agenda. The idea of “giving way to the river” is not at all in our minds.
According to geology, the Himalayas is a new mountain and Assam with a U-shaped valley is also a new part of the Himalayas. Nine means the part with dirt, silt, soil and acute soil erosion. Due to this U-shape, the slopes of Tibet, Bhutan, Arunachal and Sikkim are completely towards Assam, which means that hundreds of small and large streams of water move towards Assam to meet the Brahmaputra. This means more sedimentation and more soil erosion. In most areas of Assam, the soil is very thin, which has the effect of erosion. Arriving here, the steep slope decreases, so much so that the slope goes from 2.82 m / km to 0.1 m / km and the water finds new channels by itself and takes the form of a large river. Many of these currents combine to scare.
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So what is the sign of a continuous flood? In fact, the Himalayan rivers, including the Ganges, are flooded every year, weakening the embankments, spreading the silt carried behind them to the shores, and continually eroding the soil. Now, just before next year’s floods, the river has about 10 months to repair the shores. However, if this 10-month time is reduced to eight months or six months, then the coast will not be able to withstand the new floods. The problem with the code is that floods are occurring twice in a month, except for six to eight months, which has been happening continuously for the past few years.
Brahmaputra is continuously expanding its area
In general, the Brahmaputra River of Assam is the initial chapter of the fast-forming sea. It will occupy a large part of eastern India in just fifty hundred years. Its impact will be the largest environmental displacement in the world and large areas of biodiversity like Kaziranga will disappear forever. Instead of making the mistake of treating this flood as a common story, one should take a look at three major surveys conducted in the last hundred years that show how the Brahmaputra River is continuously expanding its area. The first survey was conducted between 1912 and 1928, in which the area of Brahmaputra river flow was given as 3870 square kilometers, the second was conducted between 1963 and 1975 in which the area of the river increased to 4850 square. kilometers and the third survey began in 2006, in which the Brahmaputra has made its area 6080 square kilometers. That is, almost double in just a hundred years.
In this context, we must take a look at the promise of the G-7 countries, in which it has been said in large brochures that in 2030 we will stop the loss of biodiversity, increase green cover and stop pollution that it plunges into seas and rivers and Protects wildlife. Recently, in his speech at the G-7 summit, Prime Minister Modi has mentioned India’s environmental efforts, but missed looking at Assam. The rest are data from the Central Water Commission, on whose side no one wants to see an average of 26,000 people being affected by floods in Assam each year, which has a direct impact on the economy. More than 2.5 thousand people are still in the relief camps. Sixty thousand pets were dragged in this flood and so far no wild animal data has been revealed. These figures are like the soot on his face that will not move away from the red carpet of the G7.
(The author is a senior journalist. The opinions expressed are personal)
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