Immunization is important for both children and adults. Vaccines are very important especially for babies. Vaccines ensure that your baby is protected from many diseases.
Immunization is important for both children and adults. Vaccines are very important especially for babies. Vaccines ensure that your baby is protected from many diseases. Doctors recommend keeping a vaccination schedule for babies.
Vaccination of infants begins at birth and continues for years to come. These vaccinations protect them from many diseases such as chickenpox, measles, hepatitis, smallpox and polio.
World Vaccination Week is held every year in the last week of April (April 24-30) to promote the use of vaccines. World Vaccination Week aims to protect people of all ages from many diseases. This year’s motto is Long live everyone.
In the early years of children, vaccination is considered an important part of their education. Parents need to be aware of the important vaccines that are needed for children.
When the child turns one year old, several vaccines, from hepatitis A to the MMR vaccine, should be given at regular intervals over the next few years. Even if a vaccine is forgotten, it can also be given.
After 15 months we give the MMR vaccine, chickenpox and pneumonia. After 18 months we give a booster dose of DPT, HIV and polio vaccine and a second dose of hepatitis A. The typhoid vaccine is given after two years. In the third and fourth year, we recommend vaccinating the flu every year. We started the flu vaccine at 7 and 8 months of age. The flu vaccine is given after 1.5 years, 2.5 years and 3.5 years. After 4.5 years, there will be a second booster of the DPT vaccine and polio and the MMR vaccine, says Dr. Archana Joshi, a pediatrician at Mumbai Joshi Children’s Hospital.
The flu vaccine becomes optional after five years. If parents want, they can be vaccinated. Children receive a second booster dose of the DPT vaccine at 10 years of age.
Timely vaccination should be followed for maximum protection of children. If a vaccine cannot be given at a certain time, it can also be given later. Only consult a doctor if there is a delay in the case of the rotavirus vaccine.
Babies receive BCG, oral poliomyelitis, and hepatitis B at birth. BCG is given in the left shoulder and hepatitis B in the leg. Breastfeeding can also protect children from many diseases. Eight vaccines are given at 1.5 months of age. These include 3 DPT and an injectable polio vaccine, the HIV vaccine, the hepatitis B vaccine, the pneumonia vaccine, and the rotavirus. The flu vaccine and the typhoid vaccine are given at the sixth month. After 9 months, the MMR vaccine is recommended, says Dr. Joshi.
Dr. Joshi says parents should receive the vaccination card from a public or private hospital. Having a vaccination card is very important as it contains important dates for vaccinations and is available for free. These days, hospitals keep a digital record of each vaccine card, but it is still recommended to keep the card safely at home.
According to Dr. Vineet Parmar, a pediatrician at Fortis Hospital, Gurugram, pneumonia and flu vaccines provide immunity to the lungs and are therefore important for children. The flu is an annual vaccine. The flu is not a common cold and there are chances of complications due to the flu.
The flu vaccine today protects against the flu and swine flu simultaneously. Influenza is a contagious disease and increases during the rainy season. The flu can have a bad effect as it can cause respiratory problems and even heart disease. Initially, there is a four-month interval between two injections of the flu vaccine. Reinforcements can be given each year. Children with respiratory problems are recommended to be vaccinated every year, says Dr. Parmar.
In addition to all these vaccines, it is also important to give the meningococcal vaccine to children to protect them from meningitis.
It takes 2-3 days to diagnose meningitis. This can lead to major problems and even death. If given before 2 years, the number of shots is two and after 2 years can be one. In the United States it is mandatory between the ages of 14 and 16. Combined vaccines are currently given to children. It can protect against many diseases with a single vaccine, says Dr. Parmar.
Disclaimer: A public awareness initiative by GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Limited. The information in this material does not constitute medical advice. Please consult your doctor for any medical advice. Quotes and opinions in quotes are from independent healthcare professionals and not from GSK.
NP-IN-ABX-OGM-220035, DoP May 2022