World Zoonoses Day is celebrated annually on July 6. The aim of this day is to shed light on diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans. A CDC study found that 60% of all existing diseases are zoonotic. On July 6, 1885, the French biologist Louis Pasteur gave the first dose of the first vaccination against the zoonotic disease of rabies. That’s why World Zoonoses Day is celebrated every year on July 6th.
Theme of World Zoonoses Day 2022: “Let’s break the zoonotic transmission chain”
How is zoonosis transmitted?
Animals play an important role in the spread of zoonoses, as 75% of new or emerging diseases originate from them. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the transmission of zoonotic diseases is transmitted through contact with animals, such as eating meat or using animal products.
Prevention and control of zoonotic diseases
Because there are different types of zoonotic diseases, prevention and treatment also differ. However, certain practices such as safe and appropriate animal care guidelines for agriculture can help reduce the chances of suffering from food-borne zoonotic diseases.
Rules for clean drinking water and waste disposal, as well as the protection of surface water in the natural environment, are effective ways to prevent the spread of this disease. Maintaining proper hygiene, such as washing hands after contact with animals, can reduce the community spread of zoonotic diseases.
History of World Youth Day
On July 6, 1885, French biologist Louis Pasteur successfully administered the first rabies vaccine to a child bitten by a rabid dog. The vaccine not only prevented the child from contracting rabies but also saved his life. However, rabies is just one example of several zoonotic diseases. Viruses such as bird flu, Ebola and West Nile are also examples of zoonotic diseases.
A zoonotic is a type of viral pathogen that can be bacterial or parasitic. These can be transmitted to humans by direct contact with an animal or by indirect contact such as food, water or the environment. It can also be propagated through an intermediate species. Zoonotics doesn’t just come from wild animals like bats or monkeys. It can also come from pets and farm animals. The use of antibiotics in farmed animals for food increases the likelihood of strains of drug-resistant zoonotic pathogens. Therefore, animals play an important role in zoonotic infections.
Because there are many types of zoonotic diseases, there are also different types of treatment, such as antibiotics. Some practices in the agricultural industry can help prevent the spread of food-borne zoonotic diseases, such as safe guidelines for animal care. Proper access and access to drinking water are effective ways to reduce the spread of disease. Vaccination of pets and maintaining proper hygiene, such as washing hands after close contact with animals, can also help.
Six out of 10 infectious diseases known to humans have an animal reservoir. One of the main concerns is that, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 3 out of 4 new or emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) come from animals. It is estimated that zoonoses are responsible for about 2.6 billion cases of human disease each year and 2.7 million people die from them. “Over the past two decades, there have been direct costs of more than $ 100 billion in emerging diseases,” UNEP said in a 2016 report. dollars, depending on who you ask.
2300 BC – Rabies first recorded – The Babylonian Mosaic Code shows the first written description of rabies that causes death in humans and dogs.
September 29, 1976 – Ebola was discovered – named after the Ebola River in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
2009 – Swine flu outbreak – CDC Overall mortality estimated by H.1.N.1. The flu is more than 284,000.
January 30, 2020 – The start of the COVID-19 pandemic – The WHO has declared the outbreak of the new coronavirus a public health emergency of global concern.
What is One Health?
“One Health” is an approach in which several sectors communicate and work together to achieve better public health outcomes. Especially relevant is the OneHealth approach which involves controlling zoonoses (diseases that can spread between animals and humans, such as bird flu, rabies, and Rift Valley fever). A health approach is critical to managing shared threats to future outbreaks and pandemics at the human-animal-environment interface.
Three new courses are now available on the WHO One Health open channel, enabling students around the world to explore the principles and best practices of a unique health approach to zoonotic diseases. The first course presents the important role of international frameworks in helping the human and animal health sectors to “put in” their work to achieve the shared goals of disease preparedness and response. Once students understand the role of collaborative work in the context of their country, they can explore the practical approaches set out in the tripartite zoo guide and its operational tools.
The WHO describes it as “an infectious disease that has jumped from a non-human animal to humans. Zoonotic pathogens can be bacterial, viral or parasitic, or they can involve unconventional agents and can be transmitted by direct contact or food, water “. it spreads to humans through the environment. It can be contagious and an infected human can spread it to other people, eventually causing a global pandemic.