World Zoonoses Day, Expert Speak: How the Right Steps and New Technologies Can “Stop” Anger: World Zoonoses Day Learn the Right Steps to Stop Anger by Experts

According to the Indian Journal of Public Health, approximately 1.74 million cases of animal bites are reported in India each year. It is a cause for concern that more than 20,000 people die in the country each year due to rabies, a disease caused by animal bites. Along with the increasing number of humans in India, the population of stray dogs is also increasing. The most surprising thing is that cases of dog bites go unnoticed. There is also a lack of awareness among people about deadly and deadly disease like rabies from above, which is a cause for concern. The right measures need to be taken in cases like rabies is 100% deadly and no cure is available. Public awareness can play an important role in eliminating rabies deaths.

The rabies virus directly affects the central nervous system of the human body, affecting the basic functioning of the body. This leads to a loss of sensitivity to touch and hearing, abnormal behavior, hallucinations, hydrophobia (fear of water), insomnia (difficulty sleeping). This increases the risk of coma and death.

The Zydus Rabies Awareness Initiative (VIRAM) has decided to support a comprehensive strategic plan to help combat rabies from dog bites and reduce its death toll to zero by 2030. Its goal is to stop completely human deaths from rabies and raise awareness about this serious disease caused by animal bites or scratches. To educate the public about rabies and how to prevent it, Zydus in partnership with Navbharat Times (NBT) recently organized a webinar with experts in the medical field, highlighting the topic “Anger”.

World Zoonoses Day is July 6, 2022. It is a public awareness program, marking the anniversary of the first vaccine given to any zoonotic disease in 1885. What could it be? a better day than this for a serious subject like anger.
To find out if a person has been exposed to rabies due to an animal bite or scratch, says Dr. Govardhan Meena, a senior professor and family physician who specializes in treating and vaccinating rabies and animal bites in SMS Medical College, Jaipur, “If a person does. Not taking proper treatment after being bitten by an animal, the chances of getting rabies are very high. Speaking of symptoms, at first you may feel headache, Sore throat, feeling in the wound.After being bitten by an animal, the central nervous system of the human body is the first affected area.Therefore, the person feels fear of wind and water along with restlessness or excitement. later, he develops fear of death and may go into a coma or die.

Speaking about whether prophylactic or preventive treatment should be done after an animal bite or scratch, he said, “The treatment or treatment of the animal bite depends entirely on exposure to the rabies virus. If it is a category 1 exposure, which only involves animal saliva on the skin, washing the area with soap and water is an important step.If it is a category 2 risk, which includes a mild rash without bleeding or redness, the vaccine is required, and if it is a Category 3 exposure, which includes animal bites or blood scratches, both a vaccine and a cocktail of immunoglobulins or monoclonal antibodies are suggested. note that the bleeding at the bite site is in any case a Category 3 exposure and requires emergency medical assistance.These preventive steps are known as PEP Rabies (post-exposure prophylaxis).

World Zoonoses Day

Despite pet vaccinations, PEP is recommended after an animal bite or scratch. Be aware that the risk of being bitten by a vaccinated pet or stray animal remains the same. Padma Shri winner Dr. Omesh Kumar Bharti, state epidemiologist at Himachal State Institute of Family Health and Welfare, talks about this two-step routine that should definitely opt for the Category 3 exposure that it is likely to cause decreases in anger. He said, “Spirit testing is one of the simplest methods you can use to find out the complexity of an injury due to a bite or scratch from an animal.” If the tingling or sensation persists when a small amount of disinfectant is applied to the wound, the entire vaccine and a cocktail of immunoglobulins or monoclonal antibodies should be taken. The second step is to thoroughly wash the wound with soap for about 15 minutes, so that the virus can be inactivated, which can prevent infection.

Vaccination against the rabies virus may be effective in saving lives from this disease. The rabies vaccine is an active immunizing agent that is used to prevent infection caused by the rabies virus. This vaccine helps the body produce antibodies against the rabies virus, which helps prevent the subsequent deadly effects of the disease. Emphasizing the importance of vaccination to prevent rabies, Dr Omesh Kumar Bharti said: “Getting the rabies vaccine only if there is a minor rash guarantees the prevention of the rabies virus, but not if it is a category 3 exposure. Therefore, prepared antibodies such as monoclonal antibodies., equine immunoglobulins, human immunoglobulins are also needed to neutralize the virus and protect against rabies.


Rabies vaccines produce antibodies within 14 days of the first vaccine given on day 0. The incubation period is short, that is, only 5 days in high-risk cases. This means you can see your first symptoms in five days. In these cases, the rabies vaccine alone will not provide protection. Therefore, prepared antibodies are very important for protection. Dr Anurag Agarwal, Professor in the Department of Pediatrics, Maulana Azad Medical College and Associated Lok Nayak Hospital, Delhi, said: “Our aim is to spread awareness about the use of PEP to the general public and even workers. If it is an intramuscular vaccine, then with the introduction of a safe, potent, effective and artificially produced monoclonal antibody, on days 0, 3, 7, 14 and 28, with vaccines to neutralize the maximum viral load in the place of the bite.It is very important to take antibodies prepared for this.If it is an intradermal vaccine, it should be administered in two places on days 0, 3, 7 and 28.


Awareness of rabies and its prevention requires close collaboration of all people living in society to involve communities. From strengthening the health system to training people on the steps to follow after an animal bite, it’s time to take a step to curb rabies (VIRAM).

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the story are professional judgments independent of physicians / experts, and TIL assumes no responsibility for the accuracy of their views. It should not be considered a substitute for medical advice. Please consult your doctor for more details. This article was produced by the Times Internet Spotlight team on behalf of Zydus.

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