VV Giri The fourth president of the country that broke the congress

Presidential elections: The candidacy of Draupadi Murmu, the NDA presidential candidate, is such that all opposition parties support Draupadi Murmu’s candidacy by uniting with BJP and NDA. Like Naveen Patnaik’s Biju Janata Dal, Jagan Mohan Reddy’s YSR Congress and Mayawati’s BSP. But there has also been a president in this country, during whose elections the party that made him a candidate was broken, the prime minister himself was also expelled from the party. In fact, we are talking about the fourth president of the country, VV Giri, whose event president had broken Congress and Indira Gandhi had to leave the party while he was prime minister.

That date was May 3, 1969. Zakir Hussain, who was the country’s president for the second time in a row, died suddenly. He was then the only president in the country to die while in office. Presidential elections had to be held again to fill the vacancy. VV Giri was then the country’s vice president. He was appointed acting president of the country. This was the period in the history of Congress, in which the battle of the Old Guard against the Young Guard took place in Congress. The Old Guard was led by K Kamaraj, who was accompanied by Atulya Ghosh of Bengal, SK of Maharashtra. Patil, Nijalingappa of Karnataka and Tarakeswari Sinha of Bihar. This Old Guard was called Union. While the Young Guard was led by Indira, who was the prime minister, and Lohia as prime minister, it was initially a dumb doll, led by the union. But Indira was threatened by this union. He had young leaders like Chandrashekhar, Krishnakant, Arjun Arora, Mohan Dharia, Ramdhan and Laxmikant Thamma on his team.

The Union and Indira fight came to light

The struggle between the Union and the Indira camp had now come to the fore almost in the open air. Still, the president had to be chosen. In this situation, on July 10, 1969, a meeting of the Congressional Parliamentary Committee was convened in Bangalore. Who will be the presidential candidate to decide. The Union wanted Neelam Sanjiva Reddy to be the candidate, while Indira wanted Jagjivan Ram to be the next president. But Indira’s decision could not be approved by the Parliamentary Board. The union won and Neelam Sanjiva Reddy became the official candidate in Congress. This was due to Indira Gandhi, because before this meeting of the Parliamentary Committee, the same President of the Congress, K Kamaraj, had offered Indira Gandhi to become President, which Indira refused.

VV Giri became an independent candidate

Meanwhile, on July 20, 1969, exactly 10 days after the meeting of the Parliamentary Committee of the Congress, Indira Gandhi nationalized 14 benches and was signed by VV Giri as acting president. This was his final decision as acting president. After that, he resigned. The reason for his resignation was that he filled out the form for the presidential election as an independent. At the same time, the Congressional Parliamentary Committee had made Neelam Sanjiva Reddy its official candidate. In this electoral struggle there was also a third candidate, who was called CD Deshmukh. His full name was Chintaman Dwarkanath Deshmukh, who was nominated by Jana Sangh and the Swatantra party.

President made with the support of Indira

Here Indira Gandhi made a great save. Apparently, Indira did not oppose Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, but it was clear that VV Giri has resigned only at the urging of Indira and has entered the electoral struggle as an independent. A day before the vote, Indira Gandhi asked members of Congress to vote in the presidential election on the basis of her conscience. Indira’s gesture was like an order to parliamentarians. When the result of the presidential election came, the official Congress candidate Neelam Sanjiva Reddy lost the election. VV Giri, who ran an independent candidacy, won the presidential election, which was a historic fact in itself.

Indira pays the weight

But Indira Gandhi had to endure the consequences of that. The Old Guard decided that it was not appropriate for both the Union and Indira to stay together in Congress. As a result, Congress President Nijalingappa removed Indira Gandhi from the main members of Congress. After that, Indira convened a meeting. She was the prime minister. The union opposed it. But Indira, ignoring the opposition of the Old Guard, announced a new party. It was called Congress (Petition). Its president was appointed by Jagjivan Ram. Of the total of 705 members of Congress, 446 were with Indira. Later Congress with Indira was also known as the Congress Judgment and Indira Congress after the Emergency. The Congress that exists now is the same Congress that formed Indira. In the 1971 Lok Sabha elections, Indira’s R Congress won 352 seats, while the O Congress won only 16 seats. And so the Indira Gandhi Congress gained the legitimacy of the Royal Congress.

He died on June 24, 1980

Nowadays, if we talk about VV Giri, it’s important to know something more interesting about him. VV Giri’s father was a lawyer, so VV Giri also went to Ireland to study law. After being admitted to University College Dublin, VV Giri began studying less and politics there. This thing is from 1913. At the same time, at the time of 1916, there was a great revolt against the British in Ireland. VV Giri also took part in this and then Ireland ordered him to leave the country. He returned to India after leaving his legal studies incomplete but completed his political work. She came to the Center’s cabinet through labor movements and then kindly Indira Gandhi also became the country’s president. But when he died on June 24, 1980, the country could not even mourn him properly, because the day before Sanjay Gandhi had died in a plane crash and the whole country was mourning Sanjay’s death.

Note: The above opinions and figures are personal opinions of the author. ABP News Group does not need to agree with this. Only the author is responsible for all claims or objections related to this article.

Leave a Comment