Here are some expertly supported tips to prevent zoonotic diseases.

The rainy season is also the season of many diseases. The moisture present in the environment helps bacteria to spread. If you have pets in your home or are not a vegetarian, you need to be more careful this season. There are some diseases whose infection is transmitted from animals to humans. These remain in the category of zoonotic diseases. The first way to avoid them is to have the right information about them. Let us know how to avoid zoonotic diseases that can save you from zoonotic diseases.

As the saying goes “prevention is better than cure”, it saves us from many diseases. But to prevent the spread of a disease, you need to understand its general symptoms and other aspects, and its pathology and most importantly know how and why a disease spreads.

What are zoonotic diseases

Zoonotic diseases (or zoonoses) are diseases caused by microbes that spread between animals and humans. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), any disease or infection that is transmitted from vertebrate animals to humans or from humans to animals is called zoonosis. About 61% of the microbes that infect humans are zoonotic.

61% percent of diseases are transmitted from animals to humans. Image: Shutterstock

Know some zoonotic diseases

This disease is spread due to many types of harmful microbes such as viruses, bacteria, parasites and fungi, etc. These microbes transmit different types of diseases in humans and animals. In which diseases range from mild types to sometimes deadly diseases. It should be noted that even seemingly healthy animals can sometimes transmit harmful pathogens that can make humans sick, depending on zoonotic diseases.

Some common zoonotic diseases include plague, rabies, anthrax, malaria, dengue, H1N1, influenza, and, more recently, COVID-19, spread by the neocoronavirus.

How are these germs transmitted from animals to humans?

Humans and animals have coexisted since time immemorial, when humans began domesticating animals. Recently, this proximity has greatly increased. This has happened in large part due to deforestation and indiscriminate urbanization, which is a product of the modern era.

Therefore, it is important to know the common causes and modes of transmission of these microbes. According to the CDC, this may be due to:

1. Direct contact:

Through saliva, blood, urine, mucus, feces, and other body fluids when stroking or coming in contact with an infected animal, biting or scratching an animal, or eating raw or raw food.

2. Indirect contacts:

Avoid visiting places where animals live or roam, or come in contact with objects, surfaces, etc. which may be contaminated by germs. For example, stay away from pet houses, chickens, trees and plants, soil, and wildlife habitats.

3. Generated by vectors:

Due to the sting of a tick, or mosquito and flea, etc.

4. Transmitted by food:

Avoid consuming unsafe foods or drinks. Animals and humans, including pets, are at risk for disease from contaminated food.

5. Transmitted by water:

Drink or come in contact with contaminated water.

dushit paani se bhi zoonòtica falla sakti hain
Zoonotic diseases can also be transmitted through contaminated water. Image: Shutterstock

These people should be more careful

Basically, everyone is at risk of getting sick, but some people are more at risk than others and need to be protected and cared for around them. This includes:

children under 5 years
older people over 65 years
People with weakened immune systems and comorbidities
pregnant woman

These 10 tips can be helpful in preventing zoonotic diseases

There are many ways to protect ourselves and our families from zoonotic diseases. CDC recommends –

  1. Wash your hands and stay healthy. This is the most important way to prevent disease and prevent the spread of germs to other people.
  2. Always wash your hands after being around animals, whether you have touched the animal or not.
  3. Wash your hands with soap and clean running water for at least 20 seconds. If there is no soap and water, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. But don’t just rely on disinfectants.
  4. Be safe around your pets. Avoid licking them and don’t get too close, especially keep small children away from them.
  5. Avoid mosquito bites, use repellents and nets. Do pest control at home.
  6. Keep your animals clean and safe and protect them from ticks and fleas. Handle food safely for yourself, your family, your pets, and other animals you feed.
  7. Avoid eating and drinking from these food stalls, which have no cleaning. Avoid raw or raw foods and do not eat cold, rancid foods.
    Maintain information and awareness about zoonotic diseases in homes. Similarly, out of homes like
  8. If you go to playgrounds, schools and any new place, don’t forget to get information about zoonotic diseases as well.
  9. Make sure your pets don’t bite or scratch you. In the wild, cover yourself completely and wear appropriate clothing and be careful around houses / cellars / caves, etc.
  10. If the animal is bitten, wash the wound well with soap and running water and take medication, etc. according to the doctor’s advice. If you go to a sick area, go only after getting vaccinated.
pashuo se manushyo em failne wali beemariyon ko maladia zoonòtica kaha jata hai
Diseases transmitted from animals to humans are called zoonotic diseases. Image: Shutterstock

be a responsible citizen

Contribute to the conservation of forests and natural habitats of animals.
Avoid cutting down trees indiscriminately around cities.
Support environmentalists working to save the earth.

Read also – World Zoonoses Day: Not just SARS and smallpox in the monkey, here are many more zoonotic diseases

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