- Vineet Khare
- BBC Correspondent, Delhi
Highlights of the presidential election in India
- Nomination before June 29, voting on July 18 and results on July 21
- The total weight of the votes for the presidential election is 10.80.131. The candidate who gets more weight than 5.40.065, will win
- 767 deputies (540 Lok Sabha, 227 Rajya Sabha) and a total of 4033 deputies will be elected by the President. The weight of the vote of each deputy is 700, that is, the total weight is 3.13.600.
- The weight of the vote of deputies is decided by the population of the state and the total number of deputies.
- UP has 208 deputies and only 7 in Sikkim
- The total weight of 4033 MLA is 5.43.231. Thus, the total weight of the election is 10.80.131.
- To win 50%, that is, more than 5,40,065 are needed
The term of Indian President Ram Nath Kovind ends on July 24 and, according to the Constitution, the election of the new president should end sooner.
Faced with this, the Electoral Commission has announced the presidential election on July 18.
The Electoral College, elected by the President, is made up of members of both Houses of Parliament, as well as the Legislative Assembly and Territories of the Union.
The next general election will be held in 2024. In view of the key role of the president at several crucial moments, the government and opposition parties have stepped up on a possible presidential candidate in July.
Possible candidates for this position are being discussed names like Sharad Pawar, Nitish Kumar, Mayawati a Arif Mohammad Khan, Amarinder Singh.
The Bharatiya Janata Party has authorized party leader JP Nadda and Defense Minister Rajnath Singh to hold talks with independent political and parliamentary parties. With a good number in Parliament and several assemblies, the BJP is in a better position on the likely success of its candidate.
BJP hopes are rising
The party’s hopes would have risen with the BJP’s best performance in Rajya Sabha’s election.
Journalist Neerja Choudhary considers the good performance of the party to be “psychologically” good. According to CSJ’s Sanjay Kumar, perhaps the BJP was not worried about Rajya Sabha’s election results because there has been no drastic change in the election results figures.
Speaking of the opposition, on June 10, according to the PTI news agency, Congress leader Mallikarjun Kharge contacted DMK, CPI, CPM and the Aam Aadmi party, in addition to speaking with the head of TMC and West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee.
The agency quoted sources as saying that Congress chief Sonia Gandhi spoke with Mamata Banerjee, Tamil Nadu’s chief minister, MK Stalin, Maharashtra’s chief minister Uddhav Thackeray, as well as the head of the NCP, Sharad Pawar, and Sitaram Yechury, of the CPIM, on the joint presidential candidate.
According to a tweet sent to TMC a day after this report, Mamata Banerjee has convened a meeting of “all progressive opposition forces” at the Delhi Constitution Club on 15 June.
initiative of Mamata
Congress leader Gaurav Gogoi confirmed the participation of Congress in this meeting in a conversation with the BBC.
Congress appeared to be leading the race for a joint presidential candidate. In this situation, how is the participation of the Congress in the convened meeting of TMC seen? Gaurav Gogoi refused to say anything about it.
The split of the opposition, the lack of unity, the competition to take the lead among them on an issue is seen in many circles linked to the strong position of Prime Minister Modi and the BJP.
Journalist and author Rashid Kidwai cites Congress ’participation in the TMC meeting as a strategy, not as a surrender, at a time when Sonia Gandhi’s health is not good and Rahul and Sonia are in danger of imprisonment.
They say that if Congress had taken the initiative with regard to the presidential candidate, then Mamta Banerjee would not have come to Delhi.
In her invitation letter to tweet, Mamata Banerjee wrote: “Opposition leaders are being deliberately attacked by central agencies, the country’s image is being tarnished internationally. Internal conflicts are being created. In this situation, it is time to strengthen the resistance.
The letter says: “The presidential elections are near and offer a good opportunity for the progressive opposition parties to talk to each other and decide the future course of Indian politics.”
Will the opposition present a joint candidate?
Speaking to the BBC, TMC MP Rajya Sabha Sukhendu Shekhar Roy said: “Mamata Banerjee has contacted 22 political party leaders. This is a big step forward. Opposition parties are trying to present a joint candidate for the presidential election “.
Jayant Chaudhary will participate in this meeting on behalf of RLD.
National party vice-president and journalist Shahid Siddiqui believes that if not all parties come together with full force, the situation of the opposition is difficult.
He says: “We have seen in previous presidential elections that not all parties come together. Small parties depend on the central government for financial aid … KCR continues to go to the BJP anyway and can go further.”
The D Raja of the CPM confirmed the participation of CPI and CPM in this meeting. Earlier, according to a report, CPM’s Sitaram Yechury had described the letter sent by Mamta Banerjee as a unilateral step.
BJP spokesman Sardar RP Singh believes there is no challenge for the party’s candidate due to the opposition meeting.
They say, “Let them be unanimous first.”
Who is strong?
The presidential election to be held in 2022 will be the 16th election.
In this year’s elections, the Electoral College will have 4809 members. Of these, there will be 233 members of the Rajya Sabha, 543 of the Lok Sabha and 4033 of the Legislative Assemblies.
Each member of Parliament and member of the Legislative Assembly has a voting value during the vote.
This time, the cost of each vote of each deputy has been set at 700. The value of the votes of the members of the Legislative Assembly of each state depends on the population of that state.
For example, in Uttar Pradesh, the weight of the vote of each member of the Legislative Assembly will be 208, while eight in Mizoram and 176 in Tamil Nadu. The total weight of the votes of the members of the Legislative Assembly shall be 5. 43,231.
The weight of the votes of the total members of the Parliament is 543,200, that is to say, the weight of the votes of all the members of the Electoral College is of 1086431.
It is believed that the BJP and allies have less than 50 per cent of the votes in the Electoral College weighing 10.86 lakh and will need parties like Congress YSR and BJD to make their candidate win.
Prior to the presidential election, the results of the Rajya Sabha strengthened the BJP
In the Rajya Sabha elections held in four states to get 16 seats, the BJP won eight seats, while an independent candidate won with his help.
Journalist Neerja Choudhary says: “According to the data, 48 per cent of the polling station votes are with the NDA, 38 per cent of the university votes with the UPA, about 14 per cent with the Jagan party Reddy, BJD, TMC and Left “.
She says: “If you look at all the opposition, it has 52 percent of the votes of the Electoral College. If all the votes of the opposition are united with some magic wand, a fight can happen. But it doesn’t look like it. What will it be. Jagan Reddy does it? Naveen. ” Patnaik recently met with the Prime Minister.
“If any of them go (in favor of the BJP), the NDA candidate will win. If no one goes there, the BJP is expert at sabotaging the party. Some will be absent, some will vote cross-country. As we saw in the Rajya. Sabha elections “.
According to journalist and senior writer Rashid Kidwai, the opposition rally is just a ritual and “save face”.
They say that in the situation where the opposition is, they need someone who can take strong steps like Ahmed Patel or Chandrababu Naidu. They believe that the presentation of a presidential candidate by opposition parties is an attempt to evade responsibility.
He says, “When a side has 49 percent of the vote, it’s imaginary to get 51 percent of the opposition’s vote.”