Past moments: customs, social activities, cultural heritage of mountain villages and cherished memories of the plight of women on the hills.
Memories of the year before 1980, which still come to mind again and again.Before the people of the village were not literate, there were no women.Teaching them at that time was also a curse, people thought badly to send them. In the villages, people used to dedicate time to agriculture, livestock, firewood, grass, and so on. from morning to midnight. They didn’t have time or a minute. The men get up from four to five in the morning. to take the animals out of the stable, plow, & c. At work. They used to be busy. They used to bring food, and so on. on the farm itself. Even while using the plow, they used to be addicted to tobacco and used hookah together. houses the old men used to gossip and share their pains among themselves.No one. in the village he could read and write a letter. There were only a couple of men who wrote or read the letter from the whole village. Neither the telephone nor the newspaper were by any means. The radio and the clock were also in someone’s house. .to give. that time To eat, the people and children who studied used to love time watching the shadow of the sun. Due to lack of electricity, people used to put oil in the chimney, the lamp, the glass bottle and turn on the light. Or drink afterwards. making patbyada, it is customary to fill two types of tobacco, one chagtidar and another without chagti. It tends to pour water daily in farsi, chilam, etc. Everyone spoke their mother tongue, no one knew Hindi. Those who could have been there, are broken Hindi. They used to talk. There was no job profession. There were only two or four people looking for work. His turns used to come for only twenty-thirty rupees, so people said his turn has come today. he used to come to borrow. The postman himself went to the village. During the day the men went to the forest to collect the animals. At that time there was a lot of work such as making straw, keela, juda, nisuda. , mandra, charpai chhana, & c. Mulch for the meeting, fix firewood. For children to study. Fireplaces are lit, lights. People used to light fires from other people’s houses in the morning by lighting a child or carrying an angarkula. They knew the fire would be in place. There was no party when there was only money. If not, where would the matches come from. People used to cut jaggery to drink tea, sugar would be available at someone’s house.
There are many types of crops in agriculture such as wheat, barley, rice, manduwa, jowar, jhangora, kauni, corn, gahth, urad, taurus, cholai, chinmay, stripes, ginger, turmeric, chilli and so on. In vegetables, rye, radish, cucumber, zucchini, bitter gourd, squash, squash, sweet bitter gourd, bhindi, brinjal, etc.
Now let’s talk about women, the life and routine of women was very painful. At that time girls got married between the ages of nine and eighteen. They always lived in the shadow of fear, sometimes when they met, they used to pour their hearts out singing songs of compassion as they climbed a grass tree. Then they would have some peace in their minds. It was a very sad time for them. Wheat, barley and manduwa were ground for this purpose. When there was a nap while driving the jandra you had to listen to your mother’s abuse. The abuse of that time was also ugly. There is usually Jhangora. At that time you also had to bring water. in the village. from some fountain and fountain that were from one to three kilometers away.In Pandera, two or four women got together and told the stories of their mother-in-law.Then they spent the night from Gaushala.After cleaning the cow dung and throw them in the fields, they do not have time for a second.Then they go to the forest or the fields to look for grass, firewood.If they do not have time to eat, then they walk on bread and eat salt or jaggery. She used to eat with her. Then, all day in the field, the pots of earth exploded. There was no time to feed the little children in the house, the children cried and cried. They used to keep the rain under the cradle of their bed. .Because the child did not even feel cold.During this time, children were sent to school only from the age of eight and nine.At that time education was not considered necessary.There were no slippers, shoes for No there was enough money to buy slippers. Even the clothes were made only once a year, this also in the time of Kauthik, the tailor used to return home and sew it. Provide shopkeeper credit. Then they would. give her money after a year, when turmeric and chillies were sold in the house. quickly.At that time. in the house there were one or two bedrooms. If there was no place to sleep for eight or ten men, the women also had to go to the Gaushala. Women also had to go to Gaushala to give birth. The Kandali was tied to the outer gate of the Gaushala so that there would be no fear of ghost pichas.
The daily routine of women is grass, firewood, sharpening, grinding, cooking, cleaning utensils, washing clothes, painting the house, caring for children, scratching, and so on. Women used to live like wet cats, they were afraid of their mother. -law.He was haunted.
It was necessary for the daughter-in-law to obey her mother-in-law’s order. Women sometimes didn’t even get enough food. It only depended on Badi, Kapla, Manduwa ki Roti, Jhangora ka Bhaat, etc. Fruits and berries were not even a name at that time.wisdom.In a large family the grain was also used more.Wheat flour was kept for the guest.Before 1954 there was no head place in the village. In fights, keeping birth and death records, land splitting, etc., only merchandise and wholesalers used to do the work.
In the past, in the girl’s marriage, her father charged for food and other expenses for the groom. The daughter-in-law was just a spectacle. it was said that in the family there must have been a brother-in-law, sister-in-law, father-in-law, brother-in-law, & c. The father-in-law should be a pensioner. Agriculture should be plentiful. There must be four boards, cow, sheep, goat, and so on. If you have irrigated land, the house should be large, the forest should be close by for grass, there should be large white bulls to plow, if the child is on foot. work, even if it is not there, will work, agriculture must be done well Yes, but you can write your name You do not belong to a lower caste There should be a radio, watch at home Mother father-in-law had not of being abusive, the house had to be big and Pathaledar.Hospitality had to be a lot.Accustomed to carrying heavy loads.At that time there were utensils made of leaves from Kunna, Canister, Malu to store the grains. They used to keep the grains in Dhaipur. They used to keep the seed grain tidy. In serious illnesses, they only treated the house doctors. People had no money. The house doctors used to grind herbs and make medicines. That was very bitter. Even in marriage, simple food was prepared such as rice, thick urad lentils, roasted peppers, ghee, arasa, vegetables. The pandits used to take off their shoes and slippers in the row of food and get up together. The food served to Malu is gone. There is more to write, but sometimes …
Writer – Prabhupal Singh Rawat
Village of Navetalli, Rikhnikhal