tell-go , Is there time to tell and listen to stories? Maybe it would have happened. Or it wouldn’t happen. But something definitely happens. Tales, stories are interesting to everyone. It would be better if they were present in time. If it’s not, it’s from the past, though then it’s not bad. Because they are always not only telling us something, but also teaching them. It brings back memories of our times. Even after softening the mass of spice spices, they drink it gently. That’s why ‘Dastaan-Go’ has begun, the process of bringing interesting stories closer to your loved ones. You will try to continue this process. From Monday to Friday, every day …
sir, This is around 1928. Before there was an Indian general accountant in the Iraqi city of Baghdad: Rai Bahadur Chunilal Kohli. His eldest son must have been about four years old at the time. To play it off, Kohli sahib brought a drum and gave it to the player. The boy was so in love with the drum that one day, when a band of Iraqi police played songs he left his house, he also joined. Playing their toy band, the police band arrived at the last stop of the party. Here, when Rai Bahadur Chunilal and his Begum Bhagwanti Devi learned that the boy was not at home, then his heart sat down. He searched for hours in a state of chaos. Then, somewhere, the boy was found at the police station.
There is another incident related to this child, sir. This child is said to have been “a lover of melodies” from that age. So much so that he had listened to almost every LP (long play) record that was kept at home. Not only that, he also remembered what kind of melody there was on what record. This memory of him was often used by Chunilal sahib to make muzahira (demonstration) in front of his acquaintances. In front of him he said to his son, ‘He’s just carrying a record like that.’ And the son would soon choose the same record from the LP record stack, which his father would have asked him to bring. Viewers would be amazed to see that a child who still can’t read or speak, how can he find records of songs like this!
Sir, do you know the name of this child who is born fond of melodies? Mrs. Mohan. Mrs. Mohan Kohli. Madan Mohan himself, who was once called ‘Shahzada of Ghazals in Hindi cinema’ by Lata Mangeshkar Sahiba, the Azim Gulu-Kaar (singer) of Hindustan. Because he was the Musiqar (musician) of Hindi cinema, who gave a different identity to Ghazals singing in the Musiqi (music) of the movies. And I got it too. He is the great brother-in-law of Madan Mohan sahib, Sanjeev Kohli. They are also Musiqars. He had created a website in recent years, under the name “Madanmohan.in”. There are many such incidents recorded. Apart from these, there were two famous English-speaking musanifs, Vishwas Nerurkar and Suresh Rao. Of these, Vishwas Sahib has written a book, ‘Madan Mohan Ultimate Melodies’. Similarly, Suresh sahib also wrote a book, “Madan Mohan, the Unforgettable Composer.”
These books have also been mentioned on the website made by Sanjeev Sahib on behalf of his father. In writing this story of Madan Mohan sahib, the same kind of media has helped. With thanks to all. So sir, after this fact, we now increase the series, to the rhythm of Madan Mohan sahib. Now it must have been guessed that the person who made the songs of his friend, humrah, humsafar in his childhood, as an adult, had to share them (life partner). Do whatever it takes. However, it did not happen easily. Madan Mohan was just five years old when the Iraqi government gave her father a clear decree: “Either you become a resident of Iraq or you go to India.” This is the thing, around the year 1929-30. Iraq was then freed from British slavery (October 4, 1932). The paperwork was underway.
Madan Mohan Saheb’s father chose the path to return to India. He stayed at the ancestral site in Chakwal. It is a city in the district of Jhelum. It used to be in India, now it is part of Pakistan. Huzur ‘Hakim Yograj’, grandfather of Rai Bahadur Chunilal, i.e. Madan Mohan Saheb, used to be very famous in Chakwal. I had a luxury country house there. People called it “Yoga Ashram” in Hindi. So sir, after coming here, the matter was about Madan Mohan’s education. Chakwal was a small village. There the arrangements were not complete. Therefore, Madan Mohan was admitted to a school in Lahore. Here he met Sardar Kartar Singh, a personality associated with Hindu music. Madan Mohan was in love with the songs. So, in the company of Kartar Singh, he started learning Musiqi skills right there.
Earlier, as they say, when he lived a year or two in Chakwal, he used to hear his grandfather Huzoor talking to his classmates about Musiqi’s nuances there. Amma also had little knowledge of Musiqi. In the company of all these, Madan Mohan also began to do gulu-kari in the processions of his people. However, this process advanced here that Walid went to Bombay. Looking for a job. After a while the wife and children were also brought there. It is said that when the famous actress Devika Rani and the filmmaker Himanshu Rai formed a film company in Bombay under the name ‘Bombay Talkies’, Rai Bahadur Chunilal was also with them. Thus, sir, after coming to Bombay, Madan Mohan was admitted to the school of the convent of St. Mary, Byculla. From there he was sent to Dehradun at the age of 17. Study at the Military School. After finishing his studies there, he got a job in the army. He became second lieutenant. But where did the army come to like the “blood of melodies”?
Rather, this Madan Sahib used to attend Jaddan Bai’s meetings in Bombay, hiding from his family members in a house that was housed in the neighborhood of the house. Jaddan Bai, the mother of actress Nargis and herself the famous gulu-kar of Hindustani classical music. Not only that, at the age of nine to ten, Madan Mohan began singing on the Bombay radio station. This cycle seemed to be broken in the army. So I had a break from him in two years. This time he did a job on the radio and started going to Lucknow. There he came into contact with famous musicians. For example: Ustad Fayaz Khan, Ustad Ali Akbar Khan, Begum Akhtar, Ustad Vilayat Khan, Pandit Ramnarayan, Talat Mahmud, etc. In the company of all this, Madan was now promoting his music, his melodies. That was when he was transferred to Delhi. However, Delhi did not like him and he also left this job.
By this time, Madan Mohan’s father-in-law, Raibahadur Chunilal, had made a good place in the film world of Bombay. But he was very angry because his son had left the government job. Angry, he refused to allow the son to enter the house. Madan Mohan also looked good. He wandered the streets of Bombay for three or four years, looking for work. But don’t bow. This happened, from 1947 to around 1950-52. During this time, he tried to act in some films such as ‘Shaheed’ (1948). The songs were Ghazals were sung. The songs he sang in the movies ‘Aankhen’ (1950), ‘Shabistan’ (1951), ‘Dhun’ (1953), ‘Fifty-Fifty’ (1956), and so on. Apart from that, in movies like ‘Do Bhai’, the great musician of that time also became Sachin Dev Burman’s assistant. But the matter did not work. After all, the stop is only in the status of Musiqar.
Listeners used to praise Musiqi from the beginning. It was Madan Mohan, who was constantly experienced. However, when he also realized, he believed, “Musiqi was in my veins.” No one could stop him from leaving. Fate had decided that the gift of understanding Musiqi, which nature has given me, should be shared with those who listen. And know for sure that when he started sharing this fun of his, neither in India nor outside its borders, there was no ear listening to Hindi songs, the melodies of which did not reach him to the depths. Some songs remember it, for example. ‘Look with your throat that it will never be a night of laughter again’, ‘The heart seeks the same leisure time day and night’, ‘Your eyes understood me worthy of love’, ‘Step by step and walk over and over again ”, ‘Jhumka fell in the market of Re Bareilly’, ‘Bazaar on the nails, shines with bijuri’, ‘Kar chale hum juda jaan-o-tan sathiyo, now your hawale watan sathiyo’.
Sir, Madan Mohan lived only 51 years of life. He was born in 1924 on June 25 in the Iraqi city of Baghdad. And today, that is, on the date of July 14, 1975, he did not stop saying goodbye to this world-e-Fani. During this one, this was a 27-28 year old film trip. But in a short period of time, he composed the songs for more than 700 songs from about 95 films. I used to say, “When making melodies, my mind only considers one thing whether that melody is melodious or not.” Because the soul of any melody, any song is contained in the notes, in the melody. He kept that rule in his life, in his music. Never let your songs fall outside the reach of Hindustani raga music.
This is the reason why even today Madan Mohan is in the ears of the listeners. Through his melodies, he makes his presence felt around his shadow. He will continue to do this for many centuries. Similarly, as Lata Mangeshkar says in a song composed by her, “Thou jahan jahan chalega my shadow will be with you” raga “Nand Kalyan”,
Tags: special anniversary of death, News in Hindi, News 18 Hindi Originals
FIRST PUBLICATION: July 14, 2022, 7:08 PM IST