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In the second half of the last century, archaeologists in India began an underwater search of another ancient city of the same name near the present-day city of Dwarka.
Experts are trying to get this evidence to end the controversy over its existence.
Dr. Alok Tripathi, ADG of the Department of Archeology of India, says that “Dwarka has a special meaning in India. This is the city that existed during the time of history told in the Mahabharata.”
Dr. Alok Tripathi is an expert on ancient underwater remains. They look for ruins that are submerged in the Indian Ocean. He says, “One of the most important excavations of the underwater ruins was done in connection with the discovery of Dwarka. This place is special for its history, religious importance, and obviously also for archeology.”
History of Dwarka
Dwarka is one of the seven important sacred sites for pilgrims.
This city is mentioned in the legends of the Mahabharata period as the kingdom of Shri Krishna. It is said that this city was only submerged after the death of Shri Krishna.
Murli Thakur, the priest of Dwarka Temple, says, “Lord Krishna lived in this city for a hundred years. Dwarka was a fortified kingdom spread over an area of 84 square kilometers, established on the banks of the Gomti River and the Gomti meets here in the Indian Ocean “.
Narayan Brahmacharya, the manager of the Dwarka temple, says, “When Lord Krishna left this world, the water of the ocean absorbed Dwarka in itself. So the god of the sea reclaimed the rest of the earth. except the palace of Krishna “.
According to Dr. Alok Tripathi, “In the middle of the last century, archaeologists have tried to find concrete evidence to be able to establish it historically. The first attempt at excavation was made in the 1960s by Deccan College in Pune and in 1979. Another attempt was made by the Archaeological Museum of India, during which experts found some remains of ancient pottery believed to be from the year 2000 BC.
Explorant Dwarka submerged
Dr. Rajiv Nigam, former head of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CASIR) and scientist, says that “Krishna in Mahabharata says that the city of Dwarka was built on the land that arose from the ocean, but when the its water returned to its old place, the submerged city. “
He explains that “Underwater excavation work began near the existing Dwarkadhish temple. A number of temples have been found here, which means that as the water rose, the site of the temples advanced. .The observation convinced Dr. SR Rao., India’s eminent archaeologist, why not dig by the sea to find that there is real evidence here of this sunken city. “
According to Dr. Alok Tripathi, “During the excavation and excavation work, many kinds of artifacts and remains were found. We found beautiful colored objects in which many colors have been used. We found reddish works on the surface. five hundred here More than 2,000 artifacts and isolated specimens have been found, which is solid evidence of two thousand years of cultural continuity. The connection has not been found and the flow is very fast. there”.
Many artifacts from the ancient city of Dwarka have been found from the sea. Stone blocks, pillars and irrigation equipment, etc. But there is still a debate about the age of the ancient artifacts found here.
Dr Alok Tripathi says: “An extensive excavation was carried out in 2007. I was the director of this project. Dwarka is on the western shore of India. Its location is the same as described in the historical literature. It is a small river called Gomti, which merges with the ocean and is the city of Dwarka. “
“So we chose 200 square meters of space around it for excavation and did a deep investigation of this area according to archeology. We found that 50 square meters found more artifacts that are bigger and more strong “.
He said, “Here we found ruins at a ten-meter site that had been destroyed by the sea. We conducted a hydrographic survey of about two nautical miles by one nautical mile. Data from the hydrographic study of this area show that the flow of the river is changing. “
“We measured it very accurately and accurately marked the dive sites. We numbered the stones where we went. If you dig deeper, you’ll see that these places are covered in natural vegetation and when you do, their shapes are “Many stones have been found in this place, which show that there must have been a large port here.”
Dr. Rajeev Nigam says that “To find out what fluctuations occurred on the surface of the ocean, we made a projection of the records of the last fifteen thousand years through a computer. Fifteen thousand years ago the surface of the ocean then the surface of the ocean began to rise, and seven thousand years ago the surface of the sea was more than the present surface, and three and a half thousand years ago the city of Dwarka was populated. ‘this, the sea rose again and this city sank. “