Nelson Mandela’s Birthday: Nelson Mandela is the first non-Indian to let Bharat Ratna know 10 important things about him

Nelson Mandela’s Day: Today is Nelson Mandela’s birthday. This is a name that needs no introduction to the whole world. Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918 in South Africa. In addition to being a politician, Mandela was a social activist. Like Mahatma Gandhi, he was a supporter of non-violence. It is said that the views of Nelson Mandela and Mahatma Gandhi were very similar. Mandela regarded Gandhi as his ideal. Mandela did many works of social reform during his lifetime. In which the movement against apartheid in South Africa was the most prominent work. What will be said about Nelson Mandela’s personality, his works testify to his personality. More than 250 prestigious awards have been given to Nelson Mandela for his best works. Mandela is the first non-Indian person to be honored with the ‘Bharat Ratna’.

It also includes the Nobel Prize, the most prestigious award in the world. In 2009, the United Nations General Assembly declared Mandela’s birthday as “Mandela Day,” commemorating Mandela’s struggle against apartheid. When Mandela was only 12, the shadow of his father rose from his head. This was the reason why it had matured prematurely. Despite the death of his father in his childhood, he had finished his school and university studies. In 1941, Mandela left his village in search of subsistence and moved to Johannesburg where he worked in a law firm. Mandela had seen apartheid since childhood because he was black. When he grew up, he had bitter experiences of racism even during his work. We present to you the great events of Mandela’s life that brought him here. Apart from that, we also tell you about Mandela’s valuable thoughts.

When the white typist ordered Mandela to shampoo
Mandela used to work as a typist in a company. There was a white typist in this company. . After this incident, Mandela had fully understood how deep apartheid roots were in South Africa.

The event that inspired Mandela against apartheid
June 1873 when Mahatma Gandhi went to South Africa to fight a case. The white TT objected to seeing a black man in the first class compartment, when Gandhi refused to go to the third class citing the ticket, the TT picked up his luggage and threw him out of the compartment. This was the time when blacks were inspired to fight the British. Mandela was also inspired by this incident to raise his voice against the atrocities against blacks.

He became a member of the African National Congress in 1944
Mandela was determined to get rid of the atrocities against blacks. In 1944, Mandela became a member of the African National Congress. He made speeches in a simple way, there was neither passion nor any violent provocation in his speeches, but the audience used to join him very quickly. Gradually, Mandela’s popularity began to grow both inside and outside the party. He soon became the party’s national vice president. Such a growing popularity of a black man did not suit the government of the time and, due to the movements, he was sentenced to 5 years to prosecute him for treason.

In the early stages, Mandela also believed in violence.
When Mandela was young, his thinking was also violent during that time. Like other revolutionaries, he also believed in the fact that what was not obtained by asking for it had to be snatched away with weapons. When he left after serving a 5-year sentence, he chose the path of violence again and this time organized a nationwide strike, after which the government had a chance and this time the government condemned him. to life imprisonment for the crime of treason. and spent 27 years in prison.

He studied Gandhi and non-violence while in prison
It is said that there is enough time to change a person’s nature. When Mandela was released from prison after 27 years, he had changed completely. The reason for this was that he read and practiced a lot about non-violence and Gandhi during his time in prison. He learned that nonviolent protest is far more effective than violence. Violent protest requires capable fighters, while nonviolent protest can be attended by anyone, whether elderly, woman, disabled or child. There was a large crowd of non-violent people behind Mahatma Gandhi, this was his biggest strength.

Governments are also afraid of nonviolent movements
While reading Gandhi and Nonviolence, Mandela knew full well that the government is also afraid of nonviolent movements. Because governments find no excuse to repress nonviolent movements. If they suppress agitators, they are the subject of global criticism. That’s why Mandela put all his emphasis on conveying his words and ideas to the public.

Mandela explained to the public the power of nonviolence
Mandela had already understood perfectly well that no one could crush his non-violent movement, no power can destroy him. When the government does everything possible to suppress a peaceful movement, it must be assumed that the rulers have understood the power of that movement.

Mandela told the audience the most important mantra of nonviolence
Mandela spoke to the audience about non-violence and received their support, affirming the most important mantra of non-violence. Mandela said self-control is the most important mantra of nonviolence. You have to control yourself no matter how much someone provokes you. While in prison, Mandela applied this rule to himself and got it. Mandela also began to try to understand his opponents, that is, the British, and read many books about Africans.

He gained the trust of the ‘whites’ after being released from prison
When Nelson Mandela was released from prison after 27 years in February 1990, blacks gave him a warm welcome. Most black people gathered at his demonstrations, but during this time he also managed to gain the trust of whites. Two years after his release, that is, in 1992, a referendum on apartheid was held in South Africa. Some 3.3 million white voters were asked if they wanted to end the apartheid law. Of these, 69 percent supported its abolition. By then Mandela had become very popular even among whites.

Journalist John Carlin explained how Mandela grew up
In June 1995 and when Nelson Mandela arrived at Johannesburg Rugby Stadium, thousands of white men and women gave him a warm welcome and the whole stadium resounded with the slogans of ‘Nelson, Nelson’. . Let us tell you that this was the same crowd that once considered Mandela a terrorist. How did Nelson Mandela become so great? British journalist John Carlin says this that “Mandela saw the good in those people, about whom 99 out of 100 people said they could never improve.”

Read also:

2022 presidential election: NDA nominates Draupadi Murmu as presidential candidate, JP Nadda announced after parliamentary board meeting

2022 Presidential Election: How Many Parties Got Support for Yashwant Sinha’s Presidential Candidacy? Learn

Leave a Comment