Most of Thakre’s writings are autobiographical. He portrayed his mother’s separation half a century later as “A Ghat, and River Stair, at Calcutta …”. The sticks in Carterhouse and the other punishments he suffered can be seen in the articles ‘Records’ and ‘The Papers of the Roundabout’. They also appear in ‘Vanity Fair’ and ‘Newcomes’. In ‘Scott’s Heart of Midlothian’ or ‘Pearce Egan’s Life in London’ he writes about the classical language of forced teaching and the harm it causes. Although he himself remained nominally in India, the culture of the Anglo-Indian community occupies a prominent place in his writings (“The Tremandus Adventures of Major Goliah Gahgan”, “Vanity Fair” and “The Newcomes”). .
A rival to the Dickens writer of his time, Thakare began his writing in the same way that people often do. He composed poetry at first. He wrote poetry, ballads, comic poems, parodies. Some of his poems were published in ‘Panch’. He lectured fiercely and earned a lot with them. He tried to enter politics without success. But he was only recognized as a novelist.
His most famous novel is Vanity Fair. However, he also wrote ‘The Luck of Berry Lyndon’, ‘The Story of Henry Esmond …’, ‘The Story of Pendenis: His Fortunes and Misfortunes, His Friends and His Great Enemy’, ‘The Rose and the ring: A He also did many other works such as ‘Fireside Pantomime for Great and Small Children’. The first novel Vanity Fair: A Novel without a Hero, following the writings of Dickens, was published in series in 1847–48. The series ‘The Adventures of Philip’ was also published. ‘Vanity Fair’ brought him fame and prosperity. And it settled down in English literature forever.
‘Vanity Fair’, published in 1848, is a story set in early 19th century English society. Prior to that, he wrote anonymously or using pseudonyms. This novel was the first novel published under his own name. He subtitled it ‘A novel without a hero’. The title of the novel comes from the 17th century Pilgrim’s Progress by John Bunyan and represents the condition of man. It portrays the frivolous lifestyle and futility of big cities. Set in the period of British regency, this novel tells primarily the story of the fate of two women of opposite nature. Emilia Sedley and Becky Sharpe are two women in this deliberately placed antihero novel. Initially the novel was published in 19 issues. The cover of this book has been prepared by Thakare himself.
Rebecca Sharp (Becky), daughter of an art teacher and a French dancer, is a young woman of strong will, cunning and poor determined to make her way in society. Amelia Sedley (Amy) is a young woman of good character and simple from a wealthy London family. After leaving school, Becky lives with Amy. Amy is naive, as well as not very pretty, so people overlook her. Instead, Becky is extravagant and beautiful, well versed in languages and arts. The novel presents the ups and downs of their lives in a very interesting way.
The narrative of the novel, the subtle characterization and the illustrative power make this novel unique. It is not just a hypothetical analysis of a society, Thakare exposes the dichotomy of man’s intention. So let’s conclude, ah! Gurus of Gurus! Who among us is the happiest in the world? What wishes have been satisfied among us? This is the tragic irony of life.
Most of us are stupid and selfish. This is what Thakare wants to show through this novel. ‘Vanity Fair’ inspired many and has given rise to many films and TV shows. In India the same 1932 a film was made based on this film ‘Bahurupi Bazaar’ in Hindi. Most recently, Mira Nair also worked there in 2004.
In addition, Thakare has established the relationship between past and present in his autobiographical novel “The Story of Pendenis”. Critics asked questions about the form of this work and declared it to be a formless work. For this reason Thakare did his next work ‘Henry Esmond’ very carefully tying it to the formal structure of the plot. Beatrix dominates this whole story. Thakare has created a new type of heroin that is emotionally complex. Esmond is a sensitive, brave and noble soldier. He falls in love with Beatrix but eventually becomes disillusioned. Henry Esmond adores Lady Castlewood, seeks her out as a mother but marries her as an adult.
In ‘The Newcomes’ he returns once again to the representation of the society of then England. Its term of execution is 1853–55. Here they place a predominantly wealthy middle-class society, especially with the family of Colonel Thomas Newcomes at the center. The Colonel has returned to London from India with his son Clive. Clive has no special qualities but is very attractive. Clive falls in love with his cousin, Ethel, but circumstances turn such that he marries Rose Mackenzie. Rose is very selfish, greedy and cruel. He joins his father and several others to conspire against Clive and the colonel. The colonel loses all his wealth in the hands of these people and eventually dies in a nursing home. The depiction of his death far from sentimentalism is an important part of Victorian literature.
William Makepeace Thakre made many speeches and this amused him greatly. He also went to America to give lectures. His attitude towards America was very kind and he did not want to make his host country unhappy at any cost. Therefore, while writing about the travels of America, he was very careful not to write anything that would tarnish the image of America. That is why he wrote very little about the system of slavery there. He wrote to his mother that he did not treat slaves as equals, but condemned them as moral. According to him, the whipping of slaves was an uncommon fact and the separation of the family in the context of the auction was also uncommon.
He has kept part of his novel ‘The Virginians’ in America and partly in England. It is the story of two brothers named George and Henry Warrington. These two brothers are grandchildren of Henry Esmond, the protagonist of Thakre’s earlier novel. He wrote many more but was unable to complete his novel ‘Dennis Duvall’. Well it was published after his death.
Thakre had also lived a life of many vagabonds. He used to play and had other associated habits. He was left very alone after his wife became ill. Although he maintained an emotional relationship with Jane, the wife of Henry Brookfield, a friend of his time in Cambridge, the two corresponded. This relationship was very complicated. Jane was a great emotional support for him. In order to maintain prestige in society, Henry also stated that his wife only had a platonic relationship with William and Thakre was very surprised when he broke up. But many others believed the two had a romantic relationship. Apart from that, William Makepeace Thakre had made some relationships, as a result of which he had gonorrhea.
But William Makepeace Thakre did not die of gonorrhea. Much later, Gabriel Garsha Marques said, “I want to die of love but not AIDS.” At the age of 52, one day his brain broke and he died on December 24, 1863, just one day before Christmas. About two thousand people attended his funeral, he was buried Dec. 30 in Kensall Green Cemetery. His bust has been erected in his memory in Westminster Abbey.
William Makepeace Thakre will always be remembered for his clear prose and his naturally spontaneous style. It is interesting to read them even today and their literature is still relevant today. As long as there is a false presumption in man about his wealth, as long as there are shortcomings in society, Thakre’s literature will continue to captivate people, keeping them in touch with the truth. Happy to remember the creator who exposed hypocrisy, deception, inner mystery, sadness, vanity, the irony of life on his 211st birthday.
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