Dastan-Go: When Gangubai from “Devdasi-Gharana” came to “Kirana-Gharana”, Gangubai Hangal ji!

tell-go , Is there time to tell and listen to stories? Maybe it would have happened. Or it wouldn’t happen. But something definitely happens. Tales, stories are interesting to everyone. It would be better if they were present in time. If it’s not, it’s from the past, though then it’s not bad. Because they are always not only telling us something, but also teaching. It brings back memories of our times. Even after the species of the bass are sweetened, they drink it gently. That’s why ‘Dastaan-Go’ has begun, the process of bringing interesting stories closer to your loved ones. You will try to continue this process. From Monday to Friday, every day …


Sir, This will be a matter of a year or two from 1924. There was a great meeting of Hindustani classical music in Calcutta. Great singers had come from all over India. Among the listeners, the king of Tripura was also going especially to attend that meeting. A 15-16 year old girl was also summoned to sing at the gathering. It was related to the Dharwad area of ​​Karnataka (at that time the state of Mysore). People had heard many names. That’s why it was called. Despite this, the organizers of the meeting were not sure if this girl could stay on stage among the unconditional fans of Hindu classical music. So he put the condition in front of the girl that before going on stage, he would sing something in the private meeting among the selected people. The girl agreed. His song was done and then somewhere the organizers got confused.

It is said that after this, when that girl’s song was performed on stage, her singing had such an effect on the king of Tripura that he noticed the golden posture beside him. as a reward. Do you know the name of this girl? Gangubai Hangal. Azeem Gulu-Kar (singer) of the ‘Kirane Gharana’ of Hindustani classical music. This also at that time, when women did not look at each other with respect, far from sitting with men, not even leaving home was not seen with respect. And then play a song with them? God bless them. It was a crime to even think about it. On this, in the khyal chant, then Ramchandra Ganesh Kundgolkar (Sawai Gandharva), Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali, Pandit Omkarnath Thakur, Pandit Ramnarayan used to utter the praises of all the unconditional. They all used to have the status of ‘lion’ in this matter. And the singing scene is the area of ​​his influence.

Under these circumstances, a woman, too young, descended from ‘Khyal Gaikki Ke Shers’ to compete in her own area. And not only did they go down, later, in front of these lions, with their own style, but with the same voice and blow, they competed equally. The effect of his style was that within a few years of taking the stage, his Taarruf (introduction) changed from Gangubai Hangal to “Gangubai Hangal ji”. If you don’t believe it, watch the video from that era. Gangubai style will be seen. If you listen to his singing, you will see the male voice there. If you try to understand it mentally, then you will see all those nuances in your singing, which were seen in the singing of the great unconditional fans of that time. And if you hear it from the heart, this song will give as much freshness to the heart as any wonderful fan can hear.

Sir, there is a journalist from India, Pradeep Thakur. His book is ‘Indian Music Masters of Our Time’. English is in the language. It also has many stories about Gangubai. For example, Gangubai was only 20-21 years old and had become the mother of three children. Four years before that, the one who became the shariq-e-Hayat had left the world. Despite this, Gangubai’s courage did not give up his hands. Even in this condition, he continued to go to different (different) places in India and participate in Majlis, Mehfils. He continued to do mujahira (acting) for his fun. In such a way that their enthusiasm and fun soon reached everyone’s eyes. It was in 1932, when the British music company HMV (His Masters Voice) reached the headlines of Gangubai. The company convinced him to sing him something. When Gangubai accepted, his first album arrived.

This record was made in Bombay. A year later, that is, from 1933, he had the opportunity to sing on the radio. It was a gathering that was not recorded. Rather, the undertaker sang sitting in the study and his singing directly through the radio reached the ears of the listeners. It is said that in 1935, a similar Gangubai program was heard by Sawai Gandharva, the great singer of the grocery house of that time. Then Gangubai sang ‘Durga’ (Raag). This had such an effect on Sawai Gandharva that he immediately made a plan to teach Gangubai. Thus began his training with Qa’id. It is said that after learning from Sawai Gandharva, Gangubai’s fun flourished in such a way that at one point she used to have a queue of filmmakers, radio reps, recording studios and so on. and meeting organizers. Everyone wanted their time.

Anniversary of the death of Gangubai Hangal

It was around the same time, when Pandit Bhimsen Joshi had also gone to Sawai Gandharva to learn Musiqi. And being a disciple already learning there, Gangubai also used to teach, say something to Bhimsen Joshi. He used to support Riyaz. The two were often together, especially in morning rituals. However, there was a time before all this, when Gangubai did not have a chance to sit with anyone like that. They were considered outside the social circle. There is also a record from 1924 in Pradeep Thakur’s book. This also directly quoting Gangubai. A convention of the Congress Party was then held in the city of Belgaum. Mahatma Gandhi also joined. Then there were gatherings of singing and playing songs for entertainment in this type of procession. So there was also a meeting, in which Gangubai was called.

Gangubai was very young at the time. This is an 11-12 year old person. Still, he remembered well that the leaders present at the convention had made separate arrangements for food and drink. They were not allowed to sit and eat with everyone. Do you know why? Because the womb society from which Gangubai was born did not look at that mother with respect. Devadasi was his mother Ambabai. Devadasis, whose profession used to be singing and playing songs in the temples. It is said that the marriages of those women were made with the divinity of the temple itself, in which they would express their amusement. Then no one else in society would marry him. However, I could definitely stay with someone if I wanted to. But he was not considered the khaind (husband) of that devadasi. That’s why the Devadasis didn’t even put that man’s last name in his name. Rather he put his mother’s last name.

This is the reason why Ambabai kept with her the surname of her mother Kamalabai (Hangal). Similarly, Gangubai also made his mother and children. Not only that, there was another problem, which became the reason for Gangubai’s problems in childhood. their caste. He belonged to ‘Gangamatha’, a caste of fishermen. This Baradari has been included in OBC (Other Backward Classes) by the Government of India only in August 2010. This is what the ‘Gazette of India’ means, that is, the Gazette says. Otherwise, until now this caste was considered a low status in society. This was the reason why even the education of the Gangubai book could not be completed. After a year or two, he left. However, despite all these shortcomings, the whole Gangubai family (mother, grandmother, etc.) came to a superior place, far superior in terms of music. And this specialty was acquired by Gangubai from the moment of his birth.

Gangubai was born in Dharwad. March 5, 1913. His father’s name is said to be Chikkurao Nadigar. Behman was. He used to cultivate in Dharwad itself. Ambabai had taken refuge in his home. As already mentioned, Ambabai knew the music of South India very well and started training his daughter from her childhood. At the same time, a plan was made for the daughter to obtain the status of respect for society. It should not be allowed to become a ‘devadasi’. So when he saw that his daughter’s talent now needed to be improved by taking her to the next level, he took her to Hubli. At that time, Gangubai’s age must have been about 13 years. Here Musiqi’s next training started with Krishnaacharya Hulugur for a first time. He used to play the kinnari (a vein-like instrument).

After that, he spent some time in the domain of Dattopant Desai. And he finally got a hiding place in the shadow of ‘Sawai Gandharva’. Meanwhile, when Gangubai was 16, he received the support of Gururao Kaulgi for the next four years. He was a Bahman. Lawyer by profession. But after the birth of three children (two children – Narayan Rao, Babu Rao and daughter – Krishna) the family would spend more time happily than Gururao died. After that, Gangubai not only raised her children alone. Rather, he also made his position that if society, even governments should bow to their respect and admiration. The evidence is such that in 2009, when Gangubai died on that date, that is, on July 21, the Karnataka government had declared two days of state mourning. A University of Music was then established in Mysuru in his name. The government of India also honored him with an award like “Padma-Vibhushan” (in 2002) and also issued a postage stamp in his name in 2014.

Tags: special anniversary of death, News in Hindi, News 18 Hindi Originals

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