“If the whole system is ready to make it easy for you, why should you bother to flow against the current, I don’t understand.”
These Betty Friedan lines fit perfectly with our patriarchal system. Because the mere fear at the end of this system makes you antifeminist. While a man intimidates his wife by doing a job with pride and passion, the woman, even after taking care of household chores throughout the day, is considered the footwear of the man himself. She cannot come anywhere of her own free will, she cannot earn anything from her skills, because in this system, women’s lack of earnings is not a sign of their desire or backwardness, but is considered cultured.
You must have often heard in many homes that it is the job of women to take care of the house and that of men to make money from outside. This is not just a sentence, it is the four walls and ties made for the woman, which takes away her freedom and also the right to live with self-esteem. Even in today’s changing times, many people want their daughters-in-law to have an education, but not work. In a recently published study, it has been shown that in India, housewives are more preferred because they do not like girls who work at the time of marriage. Thus, it is seen that if the girl has aspirations to advance in work and career, then she must also face discrimination to achieve this marital relationship.
Let me tell you that according to research by Diva Dhar, who is doing a PhD at Blavatnik School of Government at Oxford University, there is much less demand for working and employed girls for marriage among Indians. . According to them, non-working girls liked between 15 and 22 percent more than busy girls. Typically, every hundred men gave an answer to a woman who has never worked. At the same time, only a response of 78 to 85 percent was given on the profiles of working women.
What is so special about this research?
According to the news published in the Times of India, according to a study, working women are less loved in marital positions. Working women are less likely to find matches on marriage websites. To reach this conclusion, the diva resorted to experiments. He created 20 fake profiles on the marriage website. In everyone’s profiles, things like age, lifestyle, culture, diet, diet, and religious tendencies were written exactly the same. The only difference was the work. They work, they want to do, how much they earn, they kept these factors separate. The diva created these profiles for different cast groups.
Now, after studying this sample, Diva found that non-working girls were the most preferred for marriage. At number two were those girls who are willing to quit their jobs after marriage. Other than that, the profiles of girls who want to work even after marriage were less liked.
In all this matter another interesting fact came to the fore. Salary also showed a factor here. Among girls employed with a higher salary, they were preferred more than those with lower wages. Girls with higher pay than boys liked 10% less. While girls with a lower salary than boys liked 15% more.
Participation of women in the workforce
It is known that the participation of women in the labor force is also much lower in the country. According to the recently published National Labor Force Survey (NSO), the participation of women in the active population over the age of 15 is 28.7%, while that of men is 73. %. At the same time, according to the National Family Health Survey, only 32 percent of married women in the country have a job. According to World Bank data, there is a continuous decline in the workforce in India. It has witnessed a steady decline since 2005. In 2005, 26.7% of the workforce in India were women. With a decline in 2021, only 20.3% of women are in the labor force.
According to the news published in Business Standard, this figure is 98 per cent among men in India. Only 32% of married women between the ages of 15 and 49 work outside the home. On the other hand, according to data from the Center for Monitoring Indian Economic, 21 million women left their jobs. Another shocking fact is that 15 per cent of women working in India do not receive a salary for their work. At the same time, the percentage of men who do not receive a salary to work is 4 percent. The inequality of working women does not end here. According to the news, women who receive 85 percent of their salary in the form of cash, themselves or together with their husbands decide how the money will be spent. It is very common among Indian women for women to make the decision to spend their income together with their husband.
Significantly, 99 per cent of women in India get married before they reach 40 years of age. In the study, the diva has said that when women feel they will have trouble getting married if they have a job, they neglect their career. In a way, he gives up the idea of making a career before marriage or staying in a job after marriage. This is an important reason why the number of working women in India is low.
marriage is a big problem, not a job
Well, even today, marriage is a big problem in our country, not a job. It’s okay for girls to read and write, but most people don’t want women to work. Many families want to bring an educated daughter-in-law, but are not in favor of doing their job after marriage. It is argued that his family is prosperous, what is the need for a job. It is also understood that the working girl will have less time to run the house, which will cause problems in household chores. Because in most parts of India, the general belief is that it is the job of women to take care of the house.
The slaves of the patriarchy feel that if the daughter-in-law leaves home to do a job, if she has money in her hand, she will not understand anything to the relatives. There is a feeling behind this that the girl will be independent. She will make decisions for herself and this will reduce her authority over it. The girls and daughters-in-law are fiercely exploited in the house giving the name of the honor of the house. Many men think that if women do work, their mobility will be greater, contact will increase more. He will leave the house and talk to the men outside. They can’t tolerate that. Men feel that women will not depend on them if they do work. She herself will be able to make decisions, they will not work. That’s why he doesn’t like working women.
However, whatever the reason, the reality is that even in the midst of the elixir of freedom, women have not yet been able to break free from patriarchy. As soon as he wakes up in the morning, the doorbell rings in his mind, the clock starts running fast, many tasks are listed and he starts running and completing tasks quickly like a robot. Because of this, they experience mental and physical fatigue every day, but despite this they are described as breakers with the money of others. In general, everyone decides what to do when the girl has to do it. In this male-dominated society, the way to bring women home is to not let them work.