Complete information on 10 types of commercial crops

Get more profit from cash crop production

Indian farmers are now starting to get more profit by doing new experiments in agriculture. Farmers are showing more interest in growing cash crops instead of traditional farming. Cash crops are also called commercial or commercial crops. The farmer grows these crops for other industries and sells the crop and gets immediate cash. Commercial crops are often grown on a large scale and the volume of production remains high. Cash crops include those cash crops through which industries obtain raw materials. Major cash crops grown in India include sugarcane, cotton, tobacco, tea, coffee, jute, rubber, cocoa, linseed, mustard, groundnut, potato, fruits and vegetables, and pulses.

commercial crop in India

The contribution of cash crops to Indian agriculture is continuously increasing. Earlier, farmers were less inclined towards cash crops. Very few farmers grew cash crops. But now due to getting more profit by selling their produce, interest of farmers has increased towards commercial crops. Most cash crops are exported abroad, which increases the country’s income. The country’s economy is getting stronger due to the increased production capacity of cash crops in the country.

Top 10 commercial crops

In this TractorJunction post, you are given information about the top 10 cash crops in India.

1. Sugar cane
2. Cotton
3. Tobacco
4. Jute
5. Tea
6. Enough
7. Rubber
8. Flax
9. Peanuts
10. Mustard

sugar cane cultivation

Today all families use sugarcane and its products. Sugar cane is most commonly used to make sugar. Sugar has become a necessity in every household today. Apart from this, sugarcane is used to make sugar, jaggery, alcohol, ethanol, khandsari, raab, sugar candies etc. India ranks second after Brazil in sugarcane production, while India ranks first in sugar consumption. Sugarcane is a tropical crop and is the most irrigated crop in India. The sugar cane crop takes about a year to fully mature. Uttar Pradesh is the largest cane and sugar producing state in India. Maharashtra comes in at number two. Maharashtra has maximum sugar mills. The sugar industry is the second largest agricultural industry in India after the textile industry. Major sugarcane producing states in India include Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat.

cotton cultivation

The largest organized industry in India is the textile industry. Most of the needs of the textile industry are met with cotton. The area under cotton cultivation in India is the largest in the world. India is second only to China in terms of total output or per output. Gujarat ranks first in cotton production in India. It represents 34 percent of total production. Major cotton producing states include Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Punjab. Cotton is grown in black soil or regur. There are two varieties of cotton, 1. Native cotton 2. American cotton.

tobacco cultivation

Growing tobacco allows farmers to earn more with less. Tobacco is used dry and smoked or smokeless intoxicants. Tobacco is used in gutkha, khaini, bidi, cigarette, cigar, zarda, paan masala etc. Two varieties of tobacco are Nicotiana tobaccoum and Rustica. Nicotiana tobacco is grown in India. India ranks second in the world in tobacco production and consumption. China ranks first. The two major tobacco producing states in India are Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat. The origin of tobacco is the Amazon river valley (Brazil).

jute cultivation

Jute is a fibrous crop. Its fibers are used for the manufacture of sacks, carpets, tents, canvas, sackcloth, rope, low-grade cloth, paper, burlap, packing cloth, carpets, curtains, decorative items of the hearth, lining and ropes. Its stem is used for burning and can also be used to make gunpowder charcoal. West Bengal ranks first in jute production in India. Jute accounts for 70 percent of the total production here. The Ganga-Brahmaputra delta enjoys a monopoly in jute production.

tea cultivation

Just like sugar, tea has also become a necessity in every household today. Tea cultivation was first introduced to India in 1834 by the British in the Assam Valley. Today Assam is the leading tea producing state in India. Tea is produced here for 50 percent of the total production. Tea is grown in the Surma and Brahmaputra valleys of Assam. In tea production, Assam is followed by West Bengal and Tamil Nadu. India ranks second among the top 3 tea producing countries in the world. While China ranks first and Kenya ranks third. The leaves are collected from the tea plant three times a year.

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Coffee (coffee) cultivation.

It is considered that the beginning of coffee cultivation in India was in the 17th century. It was brought from Arabia and planted on Baba Budan Hill in South India. Coffee is also called Kahwa. Its place of origin is the Amazon river valley (Brazil). Coffee or Kahwa is grown in India in the hillside areas of South India. The top 3 states in Kahwa production are Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Karnataka accounts for the highest production at 68 percent. Brazil produces the largest number of coffee beans in the world. Only Arabica and Robusta varieties are grown in India. The Kahwa plant gives buds once every four years.

rubber cultivation

Various rubber products are associated with common life. Rubber is a tropical plant. Its origin is considered to be the Amazon River (Brazil). Brazil ranks first in the world in total rubber production, while India ranks fourth. At the same time, India ranks first in production per hectare. Kerala is the largest producer of rubber in India. The type of rubber “Mercury” is considered the best in the world. Growing rubber requires high temperature and sunlight. Precipitation greater than 200 cm and areas of laterite and red soils are suitable.

flax cultivation

Flaxseed is an oilseed and fiber crop. It is cultivated mainly for two uses, 1. for the oil 2. for the fiber. Linseed oil is used for food, medicinal and various other industrial products. Its oil is used to make transparent soap, paint, printing ink and varnish, etc. Its cake is used as feed for livestock. India ranks first in the cultivation of linseed. Its cultivation is mainly done in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh and Maharashtra etc. Flaxseed cultivation is considered best in cold, working climates and heavy black soils and damet (matiyar).

Peanut cultivation

The peanut is originally a crop from Brazil. India produces 30 percent of the world’s output. Groundnut is grown in India in Kharif and Zaid season. Groundnut accounts for 45 percent of the total oilseed production in the country. The major groundnut producing states are Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Karnataka. These states account for 85 percent of peanut production. Most of the groundnut is used to make oil. The peanut is a tropical climate plant. Its cultivation does not require much rain. It is widely cultivated in many districts of Rajasthan.

mustard crop

Mustard cultivation is considered to be more profitable with less cost. Irrigation is not necessary in mustard cultivation. Today mustard oil is used as cooking oil in most Indian households. Apart from oil, oil cake is also obtained from mustard seeds which is used as animal feed. India produces 70% of the world’s mustard. Mustard accounts for 35 percent of the country’s total oilseed crops. More than 85 percent of the country’s mustard is grown in northern India. The highest 41% of mustard is produced in Rajasthan. In mustard production, Uttar Pradesh ranks second, Madhya Pradesh third, Gujarat fourth. Mustard is also grown in Punjab and Haryana.

Kisan brothers, in this TractorJunction post, you have been given complete information about cash crops in India. For more agriculture related updates stay tuned to TractorJunction.

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