The danger of these 5 diseases increases in monsoon, know the ways to avoid these infections

1) Conjunctivitis

This is a type of infection that causes swelling of the eyes. Due to this, the eyes become red, swollen and sticky. In the rainy season, there may be eye infection and the eyes become red.

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Symptoms of conjunctivitis

Red eyes, frequent tearing, swollen eyelids, burning eyes, blurred vision and swollen eyes are some of the symptoms to look out for.

Ways to avoid eye infection

Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, don’t share personal items, don’t rub your eyes with dirty hands, and use hand sanitizer.

2. Diarrhea

Diarrhea occurs when there is a problem with the gastrointestinal tract. This is a digestive problem that can usually be caused by bacteria or viruses. Other than that, diarrhea can be caused by contaminated water and food, medications and allergies. There are many symptoms of diarrhea.

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Common symptoms of diarrhea

Nausea, abdominal pain, feeling tired, diarrhoea, dehydration, fever and blood in the stool. Apart from this, if the symptoms of diarrhea are seen in young children, they should not be ignored. Symptoms such as headache, inability to urinate, fatigue, fever, irritability and lethargy are seen in many children.

How to avoid diarrhea? (How to avoid diarrhea)

Rotavirus is the main cause of diarrhea. Diarrhea can be prevented with the rotavirus vaccine. That’s why it’s important for children to get this vaccine. It is important to disinfect your hands after returning from the toilet. Store leftovers in the refrigerator. Wash raw fruits and vegetables thoroughly with water.

Due to the lack of vitamin A in the body, people often have the problem of diarrhea. Therefore, foods containing vitamin A can be beneficial. People who have the problem of diarrhea need more water in their body.

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3) Fungal infection

Monsoon brings with it many skin related diseases. Humidity increases significantly during the rainy season. It also increases fungal and bacterial infections and skin allergies. Hence, it is very important to take good care of your skin during the monsoon season.

Causes of fungal infection

A poor lifestyle increases the risk of fungal infections. The fungus often grows in warm, humid environments. Wearing sweaty or wet clothing is also a risk factor for skin infection. A cut or tear in the skin can also allow bacteria to enter the deeper layers of the skin and cause a variety of infections.

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Symptoms of fungal infection

Redness of the skin, rash, frequent itching, blisters, tingling and burning in the itchy area are some of its symptoms.

Treatment of fungal infection

Do not wear wet clothes to avoid fungal infections in monsoon and take a bath daily. After the rain, the body should be completely dry. Dry yourself well, wear clean and ironed clothes, do not wear shoes or other people’s clothes if you have a foot infection. Wear cotton and loose clothing.

4) Food infection

Many people fall victim to foodborne illness. Food poisoning is a common problem during the rainy season. It is important to get treatment right away if you feel the symptoms of a foodborne infection.

Symptoms of food infection

Due to a food infection, there is a problem of stomach ache, nausea, diarrhea and vomiting. There are many cases where it starts with a headache. Apart from this, a lot of gas is formed in the stomach and there is also tiredness.

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Cause of foodborne infection

Foodborne infection can occur due to exposure to bacteria. Consuming bad food and someone who has any stomach related problem like constipation or gas that can cause food poisoning. People with low immunity are also more prone to foodborne infections.

Food prevention tips

Do not keep food outside for long during the rainy season. Do not eat leftovers on the second day. Wash vegetables and fruits well.

5) Viral fever

Due to the change in the rainy season, most of the people start having viral fever and cough. Viral infection can occur at any age, but is more common in children. Fever can occur in children due to low immunity. In this situation, it is common for children to have fatigue, cough, infectious cold, vomiting, diarrhea. It has symptoms such as fatigue, cough, joint pain, cold, sore throat and headache.

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Causes of viral fever

It can be caused by consumption of contaminated water and food contamination, decreased immunity and contact with a patient with viral fever.

Ways to prevent viral fever

Eat boiled vegetables and green vegetables. Avoid contaminated water and food. Drink boiled water and avoid coming into contact with a patient suffering from viral fever. Follow a proper diet at the time of weather change. Adopt a good lifestyle to keep your immune system strong.

Disclaimer: This material, including advice, provides general information only. It is in no way a substitute for qualified medical opinion. Always consult an expert or your doctor for more details. NDTV is not responsible for such information.

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