After the scorching heat, the rains bring a lot of relief. But in the temperature and humidity of this season, the germs become more active and the chances of suffering from various types of monsoon infections also increase. Common illnesses in the rainy season include skin allergies, dengue fever, malaria and flu (Tips to Avoid Monsoon Illness). It is very difficult to overcome these problems. All these problems affect health for a long time and seriously. However, this season, you can stay healthy by taking some necessary precautions and following the hygiene routine.
Health Shots spoke to Dr. Vikrant Shah, Consultant, Infectious Disease Specialist and Intensivist, Zen Multispecialty Hospital Chembur, during which the doctor talks in detail about all the possible diseases that can occur during monsoon. Along with this, some important tips for diagnosing these diseases have also been shared.
Learn about some serious health risks that occur in the rainy season here.
1. Disease transmitted by mosquitoes
Malaria, dengue and chikungunya are dangerous diseases spread by mosquito bites during the monsoon season. During the rainy season, water accumulates in some places. Along with this, dirt also increases, so the mosquito population increases. In this situation, these problems can catch anyone.
malaria It is transmitted by mosquitoes of the Anopheles species. Malaria usually presents symptoms such as fever, body aches, chills and sweating. If you also experience any similar symptoms, without waiting, consult a doctor and have it checked.
dengue fever Dengue fever is transmitted by the bite of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. At the same time, symptoms such as fever, skin rashes, headache and a decrease in the number of platelets are seen. If not treated with proper and timely management, the patient’s life can be lost.
Chikungunya Chikungunya spreads especially during the rainy season. The disease is transmitted by the bite of mosquitoes of the species Tiger Aedes albopictus. On the other hand, joint pain, fatigue, chills and fever are some of the common symptoms of chikungunya.
2. Air sickness
There is a possibility of cold, flu, flu, fever, sore throat and other airborne infections during the monsoon season. These problems are transmitted by bacteria in the air. On the other hand, even a little negligence towards health can make you seriously ill. Especially those with weak or developing immune systems, such as the elderly and children, are more prone to these infectious diseases.
cold and flu Due to the sudden change in temperature during monsoon, there is a possibility of problems like cold, flu and flu.
the flu The nose, throat and lungs can be very affected by the flu virus. This seasonal flu spreads quickly from person to person.
3. Diseases transmitted by water
Water-borne diseases such as diarrhoea, jaundice, hepatitis A, typhoid, cholera and stomach infections are more likely to occur during the monsoon season. Most of the time, all these infections are spread due to contaminated water. Such as sewage pipes and water stored in pits. This unsanitary water stored in the vessel is used for cooking and other household tasks. That’s why people often get sick during the rainy season.
typhoid fever – Contaminated food and water can cause typhoid fever.
anger It is an airborne infection caused by an infection spread by a bacterium called Vibrio cholerae.
leptospirosis It is a bacterial infection spread by animals (such as dogs and rats) while walking through flooded areas. Symptoms seen in this problem include muscle aches, vomiting, daily about skin rashes.
jaundice Jaundice is another waterborne disease that spreads through contaminated food and water. In fact, the surrounding dirt can also be the reason for this. On the other hand, jaundice is one of the main causes of liver failure. Common symptoms include yellow urine, yellow eyes and vomiting.
hepatitis A Fever, vomiting and skin rash are some of the symptoms of hepatitis A. This problem is usually caused by contaminated food and water.
4. Viral infection
Viral infection remains a possibility during the monsoon season. These include fungal infections, bacterial infections, stomach infections and foot infections. At the same time, your immunity can also be affected by this infection. People are affected by a large number of viral diseases during the monsoon season.
Monsoon season causes diseases like pneumonia. The bacteria and viruses that cause pneumonia are present in the air. They infect us by entering our body under the reaction of breathing. Because of this, air fills the lungs and swelling appears. This can cause fluid to build up. This virus can also kill. But young children and the elderly over 65 are more likely to be affected. Some of the common symptoms are fever, chills, fatigue, loss of appetite, general malaise, clammy skin, sweating, severe chest pain, and difficulty breathing.
Here are some important tips to get rid of monsoon related problems
Eat superfoods that are rich in nutrients, it will boost your immunity and reduce your chances of getting sick.
Try wearing full body clothing. This will act as mosquito protection for you.
Mist the surrounding area regularly and don’t let water pool near your home.
Cholera affects the gastrointestinal tract. Because of this there is a possibility of dehydration and diarrhea. So try drinking clean boiled water in monsoon.
To stay away from typhoid fever, pay attention to personal hygiene and sanitation of surroundings.
Avoid going to places full of water to stay away from leptospirosis.
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