Why is the disease called HFMD?
Arun Gupta, MD, Paediatrics, Fortis Hospital, said this is not a new disease. These days are scattered every year. Why is it called hand, fever and mouth disease (HFMD)? I had to say about this…
- In this disease, the symptoms basically appear in the hands, feet and mouth, which is why it is called hand-foot-and-mouth disease.
- In this, most red-red blisters form inside the mouth.
- It occurs in children under 10 years of age, but most of the time this disease is seen more in children under 5 years of age.
- Regarding HFMD, Dr. Piyush Ranjan, Department of Medicine, AIIMS said it is a mild viral disease. It is caused by a virus called Coxsackie A16 (Coxsackie Virus A16). It spreads through the respiratory tract and causes ulcers on the hands, feet and mouth.
how dangerous this disease is
Regarding your symptoms, says the doctor
- Fever is the first. The throat hurts and the baby becomes irritable
- A blistering rash forms on the hands, feet and mouth.
- Most pimples are formed in the mouth, in which the tongue, palate and cheeks are formed, in this condition the child cannot eat.
How dangerous is this disease? In this sense, Dr. Vikas Taneja, Paediatrician, Manipal Hospital said that it is a highly contagious disease. Its virus spreads very quickly. But it gets better on its own in 7 to 10 days. This is a very old disease, no one is a disease. So it’s not a matter of panic. Since two years, due to Kovid, immunity has not formed in children, so a little more is happening.
- The kids didn’t go out because of Kovid, so they don’t have immunity
- Immunity always comes from exposure, when you go out, there will be infection, you will be fine then immunity will be formed.
- The children were locked in the houses for two years, so they lack many types of immunity, now everything will be fine little by little
How is this disease spread?
Dr. Piyush said that this disease caused by the virus is quite contagious. It is spread by breathing. It can be caused by approaching an infected patient, coming into contact with their drops, their used things. If it happens to one child, coming into contact with him can also happen to another.
What to do to check
Dr. Arun Gupta said that it is a chronic disease and it appears every year in this season. Pediatricians know this. Hand, foot and mouth disease is usually known by looking at the patient. Clinically it seems to work. But it is also possible to test for the virus. Throat culture and stool test can tell.
what is the treatment
Dr Vikas Taneja said it is treated according to the symptoms. There is no medicine against this virus. If there is fever, medicine is given for that, if there is sore throat, medicine is given for that. It usually gets better in 5 to 7 days. He said that if there is any disease in the school, the school should be closed to prevent the virus from spreading and to stop the spread of the infection. Any child who has this condition should first consult a doctor. The treatment should only be taken under the advice of the doctor. After that, isolate the patient, so that he stays away from other children. There is a risk of illness for other children by coming into contact with him. Take special care of cleaning, maintain hygiene.
It is different from monkey pox
Dr. Piyush said that HFMD is not monkey pox. Quite different from that. But both fever and skin blisters occur. On this basis alone, the two diseases cannot be called the same. Monkey pox is characterized by a granular rash. It’s on the face, hands and feet, they’re everywhere on the body. But this disease only occurs inside the hands, feet and mouth, where blisters form. On the foot, this rash forms below the ankle and on the hand also on the palm itself. Apart from this, this disease is cured in 7 to 10 days, while smallpox takes 3 to 4 weeks.
Cases of foot-and-mouth disease have also occurred in Delhi
We report that Vincent Ashish Moses, Principal, Srijan School, Delhi, said that in the last 2-4 days, we have come to know of two to three cases of hand, foot and mouth disease through parents. Faced with this, on Wednesday we closed the school floor where the children of the junior wing study. Our teachers are in contact with the parents, the children’s health is said to be fine. These classes will remain closed until Sunday. The school has also been disinfected. We hope the children recover soon and the wing opens on Monday. These children’s classes continue online. The school says some parents in Kindergarten, KG and Class 2 told the school that the children were suffering from hand, foot and mouth disease. After that, the school specially disinfected these classes. Daily disinfection is being done throughout the campus. Every desk, bench, door handle has been cleaned with antiseptic.