Impressed by Gandhiji’s ideas, Munshi Premchand left the job.

Premchand was greatly influenced by Gandhiji. He met her for the first time during a meeting in Gorakhpur. Gandhiji was urging people to stop working to oppose the British. Premchandra was greatly pleased by his manner of delivering his speech.

I don’t want to be famous, you recognize me, that’s enough… This poem by the great litterateur Munshi Premchand ji had made a home in people’s hearts. Premchand immortalized all these compositions by tying them in his own words. Born in a small village called Lamhi near Varanasi, Premchand worked hard for Hindi literature and became one of the great writers. The way in which the complexities of society are presented through the stories and novels, it can be said with certainty that they still seem contemporary today. It is said that literature is what remains relevant forever. Premchand ji composed society based literature. Which even today gives a sense of significant direction for budding literati.

The childhood of Munshi Premchand

Munshi Premchand is also called the Hindi literary novel Samrat. Munshi Premchand was born on 31 July 1880 in the village of Lamhi (near Varanasi). He is a famous writer of the early 20th century. His birth name was Dhanpat Rai Srivastava, but when he joined the world of writing, people began to know him as Munshi Premchand. His entire childhood was spent in a joint family in Lamhi. Premchand’s father’s name was Ajaib Lal, who worked as a clerk in a post office and his mother’s name was Anandi Devi, who was a housewife. Premchand was fourth among his brothers. Premchand is said to have loved his grandfather very much during his childhood. His grandfather was the village patwari.

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He began his early education at the age of 7 in a madrasa in the village of Lalpur (about two and a half km from Lamhi), where he learned Urdu and Persian languages. He lost his mother at the age of 8 and later his grandmother and grandfather also died. He was beginning to feel very lonely. Premchand’s father remarried after the death of his first wife.

Premchand was greatly influenced by Gandhiji

Premchand was greatly influenced by Gandhiji. He met her for the first time during a meeting in Gorakhpur. Gandhiji was urging people to stop working to oppose the British. Premchandra was greatly pleased by his manner of delivering his speech. Premchand followed him and resigned as Sub-Inspector of Schools in Allahabad. Apart from his social inspiration, his stepmother is also considered as his inspiration as she inspired him to continue his studies and read books, after his father’s death he turned to books and started the his literary work.

Writings of Premchand

In fact, Premchand’s works are the mirror of the society. Premchand ji, while clarifying the purpose of literati, writes that the job of a literati is not just to entertain the readers. This is only the work of bhats and liquors, clowns and clowns. The position of a literati is much higher than this, he is our guide. He awakens our humanity. communicate our good will. It broadens our vision. Premchand did not create literature just for entertainment but through his creations he tried to mold the society into a new framework, new ideals. The aim of his work of creation was to give the message of love and brotherhood to society through literature and to create a society free from exploitation, the basis of which is freedom. Premchand has succeeded in this goal through his literary creation.

Great achievements in Hindi literature

Premchand performed his writings on many genres of literature. Seeing his contribution in the field of the novel, the famous Bengali novelist Saratchandra Chattopadhyay addressed him as the emperor of the novel. Premchand created literature in the genres of drama, fiction, history, review, article, memoir, editorial, etc., but he achieved fame as a storyteller. He was also honored with the title of novel emperor during his lifetime. Premchandra addressed himself as the first president of the Progressive Writers’ Association in 1936. This speech of his became the basis of the manifesto of the Progressive Movement.

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Premchand was well versed in many languages

Premchand’s language was mixed Hindi-Urdu. Ornaments and languages ​​gave them vitality. Because of his language, all the characters and personages of his creation come to life before us. This is the greatest strength of his language. His language is simple and understandable. Literature is a genre with a great purpose and in it the social life of man is examined in more detail and detail. The novel is a powerful and fluid stream of literature. The novelist has more options to present many images of human character.

Premchand’s compositions were related to society

Premchandra’s novels give an accurate description of Vyashti and Samashti. In it the message was given to get rid of the theoretical complexities and traps of the human being. His novels spread spontaneity and simplicity. Premchandra’s novels were composed during the period when the British rule and its atrocities were at the height of the Indian government. The events of the time are vividly represented in his novel. Premchand played the role of a strong bridge between literature and society in his time, which instilled confidence in the common man’s mind for literature. Premchand wrote his literature with the upliftment of human life in mind.

Keeping in mind the historical contexts and traditions of popular culture, Premchandra has expressed many trends of rural life, simplicity and his philosophy of life in his novel. Premchand in his novel Godan has depicted the life and struggle of the peasants of the country with moving feelings. In the novel Godan, the farmer’s ship oscillates between hunger and poverty. But still he is not bothered at all, he does not consider himself surrounded by circumstances. The character of Hori in Godan very easily represents the Indian farmer. Hori’s death in Godan is just a symbol. Which proclaims the awareness of the eternal struggle for the immortality and eternity of peasant culture. That is why Godan’s novel has an important place in world literature. In Godan, Premchand has introduced a farmer as the protagonist of the novel. Godan is a unique work of Indian life literature.

– Renu Tiwari

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