Know Your District: Darbhanga Identity From DMCH, LNMU & Airport Moving Beyond Paan, Mach & Makhan

Muzaffarpur, Online Desk. Know your district: Darbhanga is one of those districts of Bihar which came into being even before independence. It was carved out of Tirhut in 1875 to form a new district. At that time Madhubani and Samastipur were also part of it. Which became independent districts in later years i.e. 1972. It was part of Patna division till 1908. Darbhanga Sadar, Bahadurpur, Baheri, Hayaghat, Hanuman Nagar, Jale, Singhwara, Kevati, Manigachi, Tardih, Benipur, Alinagar, Biraul, Gaura Bauram, Kiratpur, Ghanshyampur, Kusheshwar and Kusheshwar have formed this district from the east. It is bounded by Madhubani in the north, Samastipur in the south, Saharsa in the east and Muzaffarpur and Sitamarhi in the west. This district is named after the city of Darbhanga.

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There is no authentic record as to how Darbhanga got its name. Some people talk about Darbhang Khan and some people talk about Banga. Mithila has a lot in common with the culture of Bengal. Although there is no direct association, much is the same. Both the love for fish and betel is known all over the world. In view of this, it is practically considered the point of Dwar Banga. There is no historical evidence. Dwar Banga means ‘Gate of Bengal’.

two universities on the same campus

Anyway, the city of Darbhanga belongs to the Maharaja of Darbhanga. Everything is officially in Laheriasarai. The city has a historical identity due to Darbhanga Raj. The palaces, temples, parks, gardens and ponds of the Raj Kshetra make the city beautiful. There are many palaces built by the Maharajas. Among them are Nargouna Palace, Rambagh Palace, Anandbagh Bhawan and Bela Palace. Kameshwar Singh Darbhanga Sanskrit University, Darbhanga and Lalit Narayan Mithila University, Darbhanga also have several buildings in use. LN Mithila University has taken over the old Raj Library. Darbhanga is perhaps the only city in India to have two universities in one campus. The Maharaja of Darbhanga has traditionally been a great patron of art and literature. Evidence of this is visible everywhere. He also developed a lot of education.

The airport gave a new height to the development

Earlier this district was famous for betel, fish and makhan trade but now it has established its progressive identity. Along with academic recognition, it has a good reputation in the medical field. The airport has also done the job of giving a new height to the development here. Darbhanga is a municipal corporate town. Currently, Darbhanga is the district and also the divisional headquarters of Darbhanga. It is the fifth largest city in Bihar. It is one of the most important districts of North Bihar. Darbhanga is also called the heart of Mithilanchal. According to the 2011 census of India, the total population of the district was 39 lakh 37 thousand 385. In which 20 lakh 59 thousand 949 were males and 18 lakh 77 thousand 436 were females. The population of Darbhanga Town was 3 Lakh 71,000 356. The total area of ​​Darbhanga district is 2279 km².

tourist spot

Ahilya Location: Their relationship is explained from the Ramayana period. It is south of Kamtaul Railway Station located in Jale Block. This place is known as Ahilya Gram. It is famous here that when Lord Rama was going to Janakpur, his feet touched a stone. That’s why she became a woman. Her husband Gautam Rishi is believed to have cursed Ahilya to turn into a stone. This temple is dedicated to Ahilya, the wife of Rishi Gautam. Big fairs are organized every year on the occasion of Ram Navami and Vivah Panchami.


It is part of the Birol block. Famous for the great temple of Lord Shiva. Every Sunday there is an influx of devotees. A big annual fair is organized on the occasion of Shivratri.

Kusheshwar Place

It is also related to Lord Shiva. The temple here is also very famous. Pilgrims visit this place of worship throughout the year. Devotees flock here not only from Darbhanga but also from the surrounding districts.

Shyama Mandir

Shyama Mandir is just one km from Darbhanga railway station. It is located on the campus of Lalit Narayan Mithila University. It is actually the private graveyard of the Darbhanga Raj family. Temples have been built there. It was built in the year 1933. A huge idol of Goddess Kali is located in this temple.

Kusheshwarsthan Bird Sanctuary

About 15 rare and endangered species of migratory birds come here. They come here from more than eight countries. They must come between November and March. It is about 45 km east of Darbhanga city.

Maharaja Laxmeshwar Singh Museum

The Maharaja Laxmeshwar Singh Museum was established on 16 September 1977. It is located in the west south of Darbhanga Railway Station. This museum can be visited every day except Mondays. Its opening and closing times are at 10.00 a.m. and 3.30 p.m., respectively. There is no entry fee.

Chandradhari Museum

This museum was established on December 7, 1957 on the northern shore of Mansarovar Lake. Late Chandradhari Singh of Ranti Dodhi (Madhubani) donated all the artefacts and other rare items. In 1974 it moved to a two-story building. There is no entrance fee to visit the museum. It is open to the public every day except Mondays.

Edited by: Ajit Kumar

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