Sport is a common activity for children. Play is one of the main parts of their development. But sometimes children are very mischievous while playing and are also prone to minor injuries. So it won’t be surprising if one day your child comes home complaining of pain after playing. But in this situation, if your child has a fracture, that is, his bone is broken, you need to pay attention to it.
What is a fracture or broken bone?
As the name suggests, a bone fracture is a condition where a crack or small crack occurs in the bone, it is called a bone fracture. The types of bone fractures are divided into two parts:
1. Open fracture
This fracture occurs when the wound is open, usually involving the breaking of a bone through the skin. Open fractures are considered dangerous and require immediate attention, as bacteria and other external factors can spread infection.
2. Closure of the fracture
There is no open wound in this and the risk of infection is also very less. However, there may be tissue injuries and their treatment is based on soft tissue damage.
Common types of bone fractures in children
Some common types of fractures your child may have include:
1. Buckle fracture
This fracture is quite different because the bone is not broken but simply bent or twisted. This fracture occurs in young children because their bones are still growing and flexible. Children with this type of fracture respond well to treatment and recover quickly.
2. Greenstick Fracture
In this type of fracture, the bone first bends and then breaks. However, this fracture remains incomplete as the bone is not completely broken.
3. Supracondylar fracture
This usually happens when the child falls to the ground on their hands and breaks the bone near the elbow. Sometimes the broken bone (humerus) affects the nerves that control motor function, making it difficult for you to bend the tip of your index finger or make the OK sign. The recovery time for a broken elbow in children is six weeks.
4. Fracture of the forearm of the middle axis
This type of fracture occurs in the middle of the arm and is mostly caused by falling from monkey bars or trampolines. It is an open fracture and, in most cases, both the bones of the arm (radius and ulna) are affected. Studies have shown that children under the age of ten can recover even without surgery.
5. Gallbladder fracture
This fracture damages the radius bone near the wrist. This is more likely to happen if the child falls on their side with their wrist supported.
6. Fracture of Montegia
This is a fracture that mainly affects the area a few centimeters below the elbow. In 60 percent of cases, only the ulna bone is affected. However, it sometimes happens when the radius bone is displaced or even broken. This is a serious injury and requires surgery.
7. Metaphyseal fractures
It is associated with injuries to the growing cartilage of long bones such as the tibia, femur, etc. This form of fracture occurs when a part of your child has been violently moved. This type of fracture takes about three months to heal.
8. Clavicle fracture
In this fracture, the clavicle is affected. Clavicle fractures in children are caused by a fall on the shoulder or an outstretched arm.
Why do fractures occur?
The many causes of fractures in children include:
- fall into the wrong position
- finger stuck between things
- sudden twist of a limb
Signs and symptoms of bone fractures in children
- body injury
- pain when moving a broken bone
How do you identify a broken bone?
There are some procedures involved in its investigation and diagnosis:
This procedure uses electromagnetic waves to take pictures of the inside of the body, such as bones.
2. CT scan
A CT scan is a short form of computer tomography, this scan is a more detailed X-ray examination that uses this technique to take pictures from different angles of the body. In this the quality of the image is better than that of X-rays.
A device known as a transducer uses sound waves to map the body’s internal structures. Similar in capabilities to X-rays, ultrasound is used in children, especially for injuries affecting the shoulder.
How are fractures treated?
Broken bones in children are treated with the help of a cast. Surgery is generally not recommended. If the bone does not fit properly, it is moved back into place and tied for a period of time known as a reduction.
home remedies for fractures
Here are some ways to treat fractures at home:
- Cold compresses help reduce swelling.
- See an orthopedic doctor as soon as possible.
How do you heal a broken bone?
Immediately after a bone is broken, blood flow accelerates and a protein called hematoma is used to fill the gap in the bone. New bone growth occurs at the edges of the broken bone. In addition, cartilage tissue forms to fill the gap and is replaced by strong cartilage, until the bone has completely healed.
Bone fractures are common in children. However, children have a very flexible skeletal structure (bone structure) compared to adults, so they also recover quickly.
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