- Hindi News
- The work is done at 1400℃, the bracelet breaks while cleaning with bare hands; Sometimes she faints because of the hot oven and sometimes her life is in danger
An hour agoAuthor: Meena
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A pile of broken green bangles, wiping sweat removing stones and garbage from that pile, says 40-year-old Maujshree, cuts her hands, blood comes out, pain for a while again devote herself to the same work. Now it’s as if this pain and twinge has become a habit. All this must be endured for the sake of the stomach.
Be it Maujshree of Firozabad or any other bangle worker, the condition of all is the same. When Woman Bhaskar’s reporter visited a bangle factory, many of these truths came to the fore.
The blood that is made is poured into the bracelet factory.
In the conditions in which Maujshree worked in the glass factory, all the workers who worked there work in the same conditions. A 65-year-old Amma, sitting barefoot in the middle of another pile of glass a short distance from Maujshree, says, “The 10 years of my life were spent doing this work. Where will I go now, I will die while working here. With a smiling helplessly, he says, “the little blood that accumulates in the body comes out through the puncture of the broken bracelets.”
Broken bracelets, glass bottles, and finely chopped glass are everywhere in the factories where glass is made. Workers work in these conditions. Some workers were seen sitting and working without slippers.
Maujshree removes the garbage every day from the glass bangles distributed like this. They do all this work without any safety equipment.
The phone went dead in front of the flame of the burning oven
Fazal Ahmed, who has been in the glass business since 1977, explains that there are different types of furnaces for firing glass and their temperature is also different. The glass for the bangles is fired in an open pot kiln.
The woman sweeping the oven had covered her mouth with a dupatta as the flame was rapidly coming out of the open oven. The sweaty woman quickly swept the glass near the oven and swept it aside, so no one got hurt. Not only that, when Woman Bhaskar’s reporter tried to take a video of the glass being made near the oven, the phone itself turned off. These women work here for several hours every day in this temperature.
Many workers are unconscious, there is a danger of death
After talking to Fazal Ahmed, he learned that the workers who come to work in the factory have small phones, not Android. In 2020, “Flame University” conducted an investigation on the bangle business of Firozabad. In the research it has been said that the glass is fired at 1400°C in a “baking furnace”. In the summer it becomes difficult to work at this temperature. Sometimes workers faint and some even lose their lives.
A lot of sand is used to make bracelets. The sand drifts away and enters the breath. This causes them a disease called silicosis. Most workers here work without masks. Research states that tuberculosis is the most common disease among most factory workers. However, Dinesh Premi, the district’s chief medical officer, says tuberculosis is not directly linked to the glass. People come to us with lung diseases and skin diseases, eye problems.
Is there a connection between the bracelet and tuberculosis?
Dr Anurag Sharma, Medical Officer at the Rajan Babu Institute of Pulmonary and Tuberculosis Medicine in Delhi, says that silica ie sand is used to make glass. When breathing, silica particles enter the lungs through breathing and gradually there is swelling in the lungs.
Over time, the lungs begin to harden. If a person works continuously in the glass industry for 10 years, the symptoms of a disease called silicosis begin to show in him.
Difficulty in the lungs causes problems such as coughing, mucus, shortness of breath and weakness. Due to respiratory failure, the person dies. Silicosis is not spread from person to person. Yes, patients with silicosis are more prone to tuberculosis.
Not only tuberculosis, it also increases the risk of cancer.
Because of the silica, the cells that protect the lungs from outside germs cannot function properly and the tuberculosis infection begins to spread. The person who has tuberculosis also starts to spread it quickly among the people in his family. In this way, indirect glass workers are more likely to suffer from tuberculosis. Patients with silicosis also have an increased risk of lung cancer.
Uttar Pradesh TB Officer Dr Shailendra Bhatnagar said there are currently 2,829 TB cases in Firozabad district. Apart from this, there are 946 patients who are being treated in private hospitals.
The problem comes not only in the factory, but also in the home.
The bracelet formed after the melting of the glass is cut with a small piece of diamond. After the bracelet is cut, it arrives at the houses and in the houses the work of welding, joining, baking and decorating begins. All this work of bracelets must be done in a very efficient manner, a little carelessness can burn or cut a person’s hand.
At Anar Devi’s house, her children, daughters-in-law, grandchildren are engaged in the work of bangles. She says that many times the glass is pierced in the hand in order to sort out the good and bad bangles in the bracelet. Whether there is roughness inside the roundness of the bracelet, it is also cut when checking it. Sitting all day is work. Even if a family member comes home, he cannot give them time.
Armband workers work without safety equipment
In 2016, researcher Ritu Bansal and associate professor Dra. Chandra Kumari of the Department of Home Science, Banasthali Vidyapeeth, Rajasthan, conducted research on the women of Firozabad. According to the research paper prepared after their investigation, most of the work is done by women after the bangles arrive from the factory. Women work with their bare hands in weaving bangles, joining, chaklai, cutting, sorting, even coloring chapai. There are no safety devices for them. Health problems such as fatigue, dizziness, burning eyes, burn marks on fingers come to the fore.
Ramdas Manav, who has been fighting for workers’ rights in Firozabad for the past five years, says that according to the rules, the workers working in the factory should be provided with fireproof clothes, gloves, helmets, but they are not getting anything. While working for 8 to 12 hours, these workers gradually become victims of serious diseases. The double responsibility of both domestic work and manual labor increases on women. To put out the fire in their stomachs, these workers drink the breath of glass particles every day.
Read another story from the city of bracelets tomorrow…
Firozabad glass industry started from Bhainsa-forn – today a $250 million business, but discrimination of Rs 1-1 in the Muslim-Dalit locality
‘Bhabhi ji’, who runs a glass factory: With the death of her husband, all signs of the honeymoon were removed, fire broke out in the furnaces that came out of the home