UP first lady CM Sucheta Kriplani was filled with anger after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, she was angry with Anglo-Indian children

Story by Sucheta Kripalani: The role of women as voters in elections in our country may have increased in recent years, but their activism as leaders in politics is still not on par with that of men. Although the freedom movement…

Story of Sucheta Kripalani: The role of women as voters in our country’s elections may have increased in recent years, but their activism as political leaders is still not on par with that of men. However, from doing their duty in the freedom movement to running the government in independent India, the political role of women cannot be ignored. Despite this, the numbers are somewhat disappointing when it comes to women leaders in the country.

This is a matter of 75 years after the country’s independence, but imagine, in the modern era, when women have to go through countless hurdles to get a place in politics, as it would have been decades ago. “Women for whom shackles could not make society” In this series, today we will tell you about a woman who has left a deep mark on the politics of independent India since the freedom struggle. We are talking about Sucheta Kriplani, the first woman Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.

Interesting story of Sucheta Kriplani becoming the first woman CM

Sucheta Kripalani who had no connection with Uttar Pradesh. She was a Bengali and had studied in Delhi but was appointed CM after dismissing the Chief Minister. The story behind it is quite interesting. In fact, after independence, Congress was in power in the country, but there came a time when people in the party started challenging Nehru’s power. Among the leaders who challenged, a big name from UP was that of CB Gupta i.e. Chandrabhanu Gupta.

Gupta’s name was so famous in the state that the leaders sitting in Delhi started feeling insecure. To remove him from the post of CM, the Congress came up with the Kamaraj Plan in 1963. Under this plan, the old men had to vacate their posts so that the party could be strengthened in all the states of the country. Under this plan, Jawaharlal Nehru asked him to resign as CM. The country and UP got its first woman CM only after the resignation of CB Gupta.

How Sucheta Kriplani became the UP CM

In 1963, CB Gupta resigned at Nehru’s behest, but by then there had been a split within the party. Congress split into two factions. At the same time, after the resignation of CB Gupta, the issue of who should be the next CM of the state arose. At that time there were many people claiming this post including the names of Chaudhary Charan Singh, Kamalapati Tripathi, Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna. On the other hand, CB Gupta did not want any of them to take up the post of Chief Counsel. So the Congress unexpectedly elected a woman as Chief Minister. Earlier, in no state of the country, a woman had taken over the post of CM and thus she became the first woman CM of the country and UP.

Sucheta’s childhood

Sucheta was born in Ambala (then part of Punjab). His father was a doctor. Sucheta was educated at Indraprastha and St Stephen’s. After completing her studies, she became a teacher at BHU. In 1936, she married socialist leader JB Kriplani. Sucheta, inclined towards politics from a young age, joined the freedom struggle at a time when the movement was at its peak. Sucheta joined the Quit India movement in 1942 along with Usha Mehta and Aruna Asaf Ali. At the time of independence, when there were riots in Noakhali, Sucheta had gone there with Mahatma Gandhi.

There is a famous story about her that when Sucheta went to Noakhali after the riots, she also kept a cyanide capsule with her so that she could save herself in any situation. There was also a reason why incidents such as rape and looting involving women occurred at that time.

married in rebellion

In his autobiography An Unfinished Biography, Sucheta has exposed many aspects of his life. In his autobiography, he wrote that “I was full of anger against the British after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. I took out my anger on the Anglo-Indian children who were playing with my sister Sulekha. He wrote that after the incident from Jallianwala, wanted to do something for the country by joining the freedom struggle.

Status of Women in Indian Politics from Independence to Present

India is celebrating its 75th year of independence, but even after so many years the position of women in politics is not much better. After independence, in the first central government cabinet (in the Jawaharlal Nehru government), there was only one woman in the 20 cabinet ministries, whose name was Amrit Kaur, who was given the charge of the health ministry. Even Indira Gandhi did not have a single union minister in the 5th, 6th and 9th cabinet. At the same time, only one woman Mohsina Kidwai got a place in Rajiv’s cabinet. Talking about the current situation, there are now 11 women ministers in the cabinet of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government.

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