Manjha made with bloody hands; Chinese manjhas are made in India and are called “neck cut”. Leaky wounds, manja made with bloody hands; “Neck-cut” manjhas are made in India, not China

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  • Leaking wounds, Manja made with bloody hands; “Neck-cut” manjhas are made in India, not China

27 minutes agoAuthor: Meena

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Bakarganj Mohalla of Bareilly. From a distance it looks like a painter’s picture. Somewhere children playing, some children smoking smoke in the ears of kites. Somewhere on the threshold of a house, some boys tied their ears with kites. Somewhere in the morning at 11 o’clock in the sun, men sitting under a tree nimbly and people tying spools of cotton thread to wooden logs in the raw earth next to the grave. This cotton thread soaked in the sweat of dyeing, painting and labor is called Manjha.

This is the view of Bakarganj town of Bareilly.  In one image the boy is putting smoke in the ears of a kite and in the other the manjha is being prepared.

This is the view of Bakarganj town of Bareilly. In one image the boy is putting smoke in the ears of a kite and in the other the manjha is being prepared.

This area is where the famous Manjha of Bareilly is located. Shopkeepers here say that Manjha was first started in Bareilly in India. Javed Ahmed, Senior Sales Manager of “Quotes India” Bareilly, says that a thread company called “Mudra Quotes” came to India to trade thread with the British East India Company. This company is still working in the country under the name ‘Quotes India’.

I myself have been working with this company for 28 years. From here the raw yarn goes to Bareilly, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Delhi, Kolkata and Punjab for Manjha. Earlier, the company was making 12 crores from the yarn used for making manjha, but now it has stopped at 4 crores.

Why talk about Manjha?
August 15 is celebrated throughout the country. We also look forward to Rakshabandhan. These two occasions are such that kites are flown in Delhi and Uttar Pradesh, but this is the time when accidents due to Manjha also remain a cause for concern. In 2017, Delhi resident Bablu Kumar also slit his throat with a Chinese manjha. Recalling the pain, he says, “I kept dying. He saw death with his own eyes. There was a mess on the road. The hospital got 17 stitches in his neck. He was in the ICU for 15 days Remembering that terrible scene, the soul trembles.

Bablu survived, but it is only on August 8 that a food delivery boy in Delhi died of manjha. The saddest thing is that the dead body of Narendra Kumar was lying on the flyover and his head was crushed by the vehicles. But no one came forward to help.

Not only that, last month a 30-year-old motorcyclist lost his life due to a kite thread. The accident happened on the Hyderpur flyover in northwest Delhi. Referring to these incidents, Sami, who has been selling Manjha from Bareilly for 35 years, says, “All these lives were taken by that nylon, synthetic and Chinese Manjha, which NGT already banned in 2017.

‘Chinese Manjha’ is sold online
In 2015, some people had filed a petition in the Supreme Court regarding manjha made of plastic, nylon, synthetic, Chinese thread and any other thread which has glass coating and any metal. Later we also joined this petition as a party. Now the nylon thread has cut the neck of the cotton thread.

Then we return to the Manjha Makers of Bakarganj
The work of tying cotton thread on wooden logs is done so quickly that no woman, man or child interferes with the rhythm of this work. The rich Mian who works here says, ‘Abba-Ammi was called Mera Raees, but she never saw wealth in life. I was 10 years old when I started making Manjha and today I am 50 and still today I am making Manjha.

Working under the scorching sun, holding the black pulp of manjha in his hand and wiping the sweat from his face, Raees says, “I earn a total of Rs 200 a day and if ever, special manjha, which means preparing for competition etc. that 400 rupees is available in a day to do it. With this earnings nothing can fulfill children’s education and wife’s desires. Saying that I am a Manjha maker from Bareilly .

In the midst of a conversation with Raees, the other workers working there call Fazil by name and say, “Look how his hand is cut.” Fazil, 26, has green hands and shows me his cut fingers and palms. These hands were so badly cut with thread that they could not be seen. This is only Fazil, not Alim-Fazil. In front of whose house runs a dry and sickly river. Whose name is the fort.

Fazil and his mother are in this picture.  Also, Fazil's hand was cut off for making manjha.

Fazil and his mother are in this picture. Also, Fazil’s hand was cut off for making manjha.

Going to Fazil’s house, his mother Nusrat says that Fazil has been making manjha since the age of seven. Remembering the old circumstances of the house, the stomach begins to boil, the throat dries up, the eyes go blank. Unfortunately, I have not been able to educate my children.

Manjha made by grinding rice with a hand mill
Wiping his face with a dupatta, Nusrat continues his chatter and says, “I would cook rice in the morning and sit grinding the mirror.” The pulp was prepared by mixing rice, shisha, besgol and some herbs. This pulp is rubbed by the workers on the cotton cord and while grinding this pulp they cut their hands.

Fazil did not feel like going to work because after cutting his hand, even eating food would be difficult. While eating food, salt and pepper spices remove tears from your hands. During the winter months the skin would freeze, making work difficult. Moaning with burning hands all night. Seeing the pain of the son, I also cried, but what would we do, we were all forced to our stomachs.

Fazil’s mother Nusrat spoke at a complete loss during her struggling days: “When these children were small, I myself used to grind the glass by hand with a chakiya (hand mill) and cook rice and mix it in. I used to prepare it. the pulp of manjha. Meanwhile, Fazil’s pain is visible and he says, “Get rid of the pain of making manjha, that’s why I ran away from home many times, but where would I go? What would he not do when he died, crying at night, return to his mother’s lap and hide his face. The next day, I would continue to make manjha with the pulp with bloody hands and till today I follow the same path.

Manjha was popular then
Ishaq Mansoori, 40, says in a sad voice, “These hands have not had work for a few days, so these hands are so red that if these hands worked every day, it would have been difficult to see them.” According to Mansoori, when I started working, I used to get Rs 2 per day. Much was said about this play. Even actors like movie star Johnny Walker, superstar Rajesh Khanna have become our Manjha.

Even from the mouth of actor Amitabh Bachchan, the mention of Manjha from Bareilly has been heard. Those days were different, then the fun of working was different. Blood used to flow then, blood still flows today, but business was brisk then and slow today. Now the so-called manja of China is not only cutting our “neck” but also our “pocket”. Ishaq’s daughter says, “I had to graduate after 12 years, but Abbu doesn’t have enough money to teach me more. Then I think what he has taught me by working so hard is enough .

Manjha is not “Chinese”, it is only made in India
Sami, who has been a Bareilly manjha seller for 35 years, suffering from the fall in demand for cotton manjha, says, “Since nylon manjha was started, the demand for Bareilly cotton manjha declined. Secondly, people don’t know that there is no Manjha called “Chinese Manjha”. No manjha comes from China, everything is made in our country. All Manjha business is done only in India. Chinese manjha it was said so that manjha made of plastic could be popularized.

Manjha started in Bareilly, an interesting story
Arshad Hussain, President of All UP Cotton Dhaaga-Manjha Mazdoor Welfare Society- narrates an amusing anecdote related to Manjha. They say that Manjha in Bareilly is the gift of Hakim Rukman. Centuries ago the son of a king had paralysis. Hakim Rukman made a kite and tied it with a rope and flew it from that boy and his paralysis was cured. Just then this kite flying started.

how old is the bareilly manjha
According to Arshad Hussain, “The Manjha business in Bareilly is 200 years old. In 2010-11, the annual turnover of Manjha in Bareilly was around 70 crores, but since 2007-08 the demand for this Manjha has keep falling day by day.This fall in manjha happened only because of nylon manja.With the imposition of 5 percent GST on manjha, its demand has further reduced.

only cotton manjha
Not that we don’t have good alternatives to Manjha. Cotton manjha has been a part of people’s enthusiasm for centuries, but now Chinese manjha is just killing people. This plastic manjha has also eaten people’s work. Earlier in Bareilly, about 60-65 thousand families used to do Majha, but now there are not even 15 thousand. I want people to go back to cotton manja. ,

Sami further says, Even after the NGT order, even today, plastic manjha is being prepared in places like Surat, Noida, Sonipat, Baddi and Bangalore. Factories here also sell these manjha online. According to Sami, “Earlier the business of crores was done through Manjha, but now not even a lakh is left.” Now if the wages are less, so are the workers. It seems that the kite of the Bareilly manjha was cut.

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