Only 91% of children aged 6 to 8 months do not receive a balanced diet, according to the National Family Health Survey. Only 91% of children aged 6 to 8 months do not receive a balanced diet, according to WHO report

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BhopalAn hour agoAuthor: Richa Srivastava

In Madhya Pradesh, 73% of children in the age group of 6 months to 5 years are iron deficient. That’s why she’s anemic. The reason is that 91% of children in the state do not receive a balanced diet. This shocking revelation came in the recently released National Family Health Survey-5. According to his report, 36% of children are stunted due to lack of nutrition in the state. In other words, their height and weight are smaller for their age, while 33% of children are underweight. 19% of children are wasted, that is, thin for their age. 7% of children under the age of 5 are severely malnourished.

Satna, Anuppur behind, Shivpuri better

According to the WHO, the NFHS-5 Survey on Children’s Breastfeeding Practices included 13,765 children under 5 years of age. This report is from the National Family Health Survey-5.

Nutritional deficiency in 36% of children in the state

In Madhya Pradesh, 36% of children are stunted due to nutritional deficiency. That is, according to age, the height and weight of these children is less, while 33% of children have a lower weight. 19% of children are emaciated, that is, extremely thin for their age. 7% of children under the age of 5 are severely malnourished. What is most surprising is that 73% of children in the age group of 6 months to 5 years in Madhya Pradesh are iron deficient. In NFHS-4 this figure was 69%.

Most of the problem of iron deficiency among children was found to be in Chhatarpur district. Here 87.2% of children are anemic. It is followed by Khandwa with 86.6%, Harda 85.6%, Sagar 83.3% anemic. The lowest anemia is at 37.8% in Jabalpur, 49.2% in Anuppur and 52.2% in Vidisha.

According to the report, iron deficiency in the child is directly related to the mother’s anemia. In districts where women are not anemic, the iron content of children is normal. In Jabalpur 48.9% of women have anemia. Anuppur has 52.6% women anemic and Vidisha lowest only 38.5% women are anemic so children are healthier in these districts. In Chhatarpur 63.5%, Khandwa 64.8%, Harda women 62.6% have anemia. The NFHS survey is conducted door to door through sample collection.

Only 9% of children receive a balanced diet

For 6 months after birth, breast milk is the complete food for the baby. After that, along with breast milk or formula milk, the child’s diet should include essential cereals in any form, foods rich in vitamin A, fruits and vegetables, eggs, nuts and legumes. This is a complete balanced diet for the baby. If they are not found, children become sick due to a deficiency disease, that is, due to lack of nutrition. In the state there are only 38% of children between 6 and 8 months, who receive the necessary nutrition together with milk.

According to the WHO, the baby between 6 and 23 months should receive solid food at least 3 times a day, but only 38% of babies receive solid food 3 times. 5 essential foods for babies Cereals, foods rich in vitamin A, fruits and vegetables, nuts and legumes are only available to 19% of children, while only 9% of children receive adequate nutrition according to prescribed standards. 91% of children in Madhya Pradesh do not get an adequate balanced meal.

According to the report, the baby should receive breast milk within an hour of birth. Shivpuri is the best at this. Here 64% of babies receive breast milk within an hour of birth. After that, this figure is 59.3% in Seoni, 59.1% in Agar-Malwa, 57.2% in Morena, 57.9% in Khandwa. The worst state is that of Satna. Here 17.7%, in Anuppur 21.5% and in Chhatarpur only 22.5 children receive breast milk one hour after birth.

According to the report, districts where the mother received good care and regular doctor visits during the first three months of pregnancy (prenatal care) had better breastfeeding rates. 83.7% in Seoni, 82.5% in Morena, 75.9% in Shivpuri, 70.1% in Agar-Malwa and 65.5% in Khandwa received good antenatal care. At the same time, 51.5% in Satna, 60.2% in Anuppur and 36.5% in Chhatarpur received antenatal care. The NFHS-5 Survey of Children’s Breastfeeding Practices included 13,765 children under 5 years of age.

41 out of every 1000 children do not survive

According to NFHS-5, 41 out of every 1000 children under 5 die due to lack of adequate nutrition. This figure was 51 out of 1000 in NFHS-4, 70 out of 1000 in NFHS-3 and 88 out of 1000 in NFHS-2. According to the WHO, the baby should not be given anything but breast milk for the first 3 days after birth. 12% of babies receive any liquid other than breast milk, which increases the risk of infection in the child.

Now we know from the experts why breastfeeding is important.

Breastfed babies do better on tests

Dr Pankaj Shukla, senior pediatrician and former director of the National Health Mission, said breast milk is nectar for the child. According to the WHO, that is, the World Health Organization, breast milk is a suitable food for the baby. The mother’s first condensed milk is called coltrum. It contains life-saving antibodies, which work to protect the baby from serious illness. The WHO recommends exclusive breastfeeding for one hour after the birth of the baby. During the first 6 months after birth, the baby should receive only breast milk. However, 3 out of 5 newborns worldwide do not receive the necessary breast milk within 1 hour of birth.

Breastfeeding reduces the risk of cancer

Dr. Pankaj Shukla says that breastfeeding is not only beneficial for the child but also for the mother. Breastfeeding mothers have a 2 to 3 times lower risk of breast and ovarian cancer than non-breastfeeding mothers.

For the NFHS-5 survey (2019-21), samples were collected by visiting the homes of 47,493 families in Madhya Pradesh. In these interviews and samples, 10,478 urban and 37,015 rural households were collected. These families included 48,410 women and 7,025 men.

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