The dangers of diarrheal dehydration: Learn here about ways to protect yourself and your family


In general, diarrhea does not cause any chronic disease.
People who have weak immunity can also have serious problems with it.
In India, more than 1 million children under the age of 5 die from diarrheal dehydration.

New Delhi. There is hardly a person in India who does not love the monsoon. It is also true that along with the monsoon, there is also the fear of the danger of rain-borne diseases. There is hardly any of us who do not face problems like tummy ache, upset stomach at least once during monsoon. Sometimes this problem increases and turns into diarrhea dehydration.

Most of us don’t need to panic when we have diarrhea. The reason for this is that the body can tolerate it and as long as you take in the amount of water that the body needs to hydrate, there is no need to panic. In general, diarrhea does not cause any chronic disease.

However, people who have weak immunity can also have serious problems due to this. Such as the elderly, people suffering from a serious illness or very young children. There can also be some serious dangers due to dehydration from diarrhea.

Every year more than 1 thousand children under 5 die in India due to diarrheal dehydration. This is a matter of great concern, because diarrhea can be prevented. You just need to have the right information to fight this disease. A little hint we tell you that drinking enough water is not enough to avoid diarrhea. There is a misconception that drinking enough water will not cause this disease.

Network18 and Electral present the Hydration for Health campaign. This campaign is about making our body aware of the necessary hydration (water in the right amount), misleading information related to hydration, some common mistakes in everyday life. Also, with this campaign, we want to tell people what to do if they have diarrhea.

In the panel discussion, Mugdha Kalra, on behalf of Network18, talks to Dr. Virendra Mittal (Consultant Pediatrician, Paediatrics and Neonatologist), Jaipur, Dr. Surendra Singh Bisht, MD (Pediatrics), DNB (Pediatrics), Neonatologist, AIIMS Delhi and Dr. Amit Adhikari- MBBS, MG (Paediatrics), CCIP PGPN (Boston University), Child Specialist and Consultant Neonatologist, Kolkata. The panel discussed diarrheal dehydration, its causes, ways to prevent it and the steps needed to do so.

understand the causes of the disease
Dr Bisht’s analysis is that there are mainly three conditions responsible for any type of infection. An agent (diarrhea can be caused by a bacterial or viral infection), a host (caused by an infectious agent), or the environment (due to an infectious condition). In India, where the population is large and there is a sanitation crisis, very few people have access to clean water. Under these circumstances, the risk of diarrheal infection is very high.

Referring to a special aspect, the official doctor said that diarrhea can be prevented. This disease can be treated by normal means. For this, it is necessary for the child or adult victim to consume more water and oral rehydration solution, i.e. ORS, than the body’s daily needs.

to understand what it affects
Dr. Bisht said on this that diarrhea is one of the leading causes of death of children under 5 years of age. Its risk is also very high for the elderly. Diarrhea can be dangerous for those who have a serious illness or are malnourished or have a serious stomach disease or liver infection. There is also a risk of diarrhea for pregnant women. It is even more dangerous for pregnant women, because it threatens the life of both the mother and the child.

The medical officials mention here a special thing that people who suffer from some form of malnutrition or who suffer from incurable diseases like AIDS, cancer patients, for them dehydration and also because of diarrhea are very serious.

Understand dehydration and take the necessary measures
The three doctors have pointed out some common symptoms of diarrhea: feeling tired and sluggish, thirsty, little or no urination, puffy eyes, feeling nauseous, headache, dehydration if more severe. If this happens, the state of unconsciousness also appears. and serious hazards such as non-functioning body parts and accidental death can also occur.

However, Dr. Bisht has specifically mentioned a few things. Not all cases of diarrhea require a doctor. A doctor is not needed as long as the caregiver can give the patient the necessary fluids. If the body is not able to take even liquids, there is a matter of concern. If the patient also starts to feel nauseous and the body is not able to retain water, in this situation, the patient should be taken to the hospital immediately. After examining the patient’s condition, doctors adopt different methods to deliver fluids to the body.

Dr. Mittal has divided the treatment of diarrhea into 4 steps. This is based on the severity of the diarrhea:
Plan A: If the patient has diarrhea, but the dehydration is not severe. This can be prevented by using fluids and salt at home. In addition, foods with high hydration should be included in the diet.
Plan B: When you notice signs of dehydration, give the patient a solution of oral rehydration solution to drink and monitor the patient closely.
Plan C: If dehydration worsens, every 4 hours per kg of body. Give 70 ml of oral rehydration solution to drink by weight. It controls dehydration and also gives the necessary strength to the patient’s body to fight the infection.
Plan D: If there is no improvement in dehydration even after these 3 measures, take the patient to the hospital immediately.

According to the three doctors, first-line safety measures can be taken using the WHO Oral Rehydration Solution (WHO ORS). Another factor mentioned by Dr. Adhikari is that the mistake most people make in the early stages is not taking enough oral rehydration solution. Another point that Dr. Mittal highlighted is that exact dosage is not taken into account while preparing the dosage of oral rehydration solution.

You can watch the full discussion episode here. To learn more about diarrheal dehydration and how to recognize and prevent it, visit:

Tags: business news, Dehydration, Health, Health advice

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