Monkey pox can become an endemic disease, know how it can be controlled – Monkey pox can become an endemic disease, know how it can be controlled

(Tara Hurst, Professor of Biomedical Sciences, Birmingham City University)

Birmingham (UK), August 11 (The Conversation) Since May this year, more than 26,000 cases of monkeypox have been reported worldwide, prompting the World Health Organization to (WHO) declared it a public health emergency.

What is unusual about the monkeypox virus is that most cases have been reported in countries where the virus is not commonly found.

Also, unlike the previous viruses found mainly in Central and West Africa, this virus is not transmitted from person to person by contact with infected animals.

Cases of monkeypox are increasing worldwide. There is also concern that if immediate action is not taken, monkeypox could become an endemic disease in areas where it is not commonly found, such as the US and Europe.

Endemic diseases are generally diseases that are frequently found in a given area and are difficult to control.

There are many reasons to believe that monkeypox is quite a concern.

The first reason is that this disease is spreading from human to human. Monkey pox is spread by close contact with an infected person. When an infected person coughs or sneezes, there is a chance that the person close to him will become infected. Apart from that, there is a risk of spreading it by sharing clothes and bedding.

Monkey pox is not very contagious compared to other viruses. Previous studies of viruses that have spread in Africa suggest that a person’s chance of becoming ill after coming into contact with an infected person is about three percent.

However, we still don’t know how contagious the current form of monkeypox is. This is a matter of concern. This is of particular concern because during the 2016 outbreak of this virus in the Congo, it was observed that the probability of a person becoming infected after coming into contact with an infected person is 50 percent.

Another concern about the monkeypox virus is that it is spreading among specific populations, primarily men who have sex with men. Of people infected with monkeypox, 98 percent fall into this category. Apart from this, people of other gender identity can also fall under it.

This virus has also been found in semen, although it is not yet known whether this virus is also being spread through semen or not.

But one thing is clear that even having sex without a condom and with many people can spread the infection. However, this is a preliminary understanding and evidence must be presented to support it.

Viruses like monkeypox would have to make room among animals to survive, or it would have to spread widely among humans moving from place to place.

Monkey pox is an animal-borne disease, meaning it is spread from animals to humans. Therefore, where monkey pox has made its place, it infects humans through animals.

Monkeypox can be spread through many animals, including monkeys and baboons, squirrels, rats, and mice. But this does not mean that the virus cannot make a place in countries where these animals are not found.

For example, in 2003 the virus was found in domesticated “prairie dogs” (a type of squirrel) in the US, which were kept with other infected animals and others.

This means that animals that do not have this virus can become victims of it by coming into contact with other animals, and then the virus can also infect humans. But this danger can be reduced by banning animals from areas prone to infection.

Health measures currently being taken to prevent monkeypox include isolating infected people, tracing people who have been in contact with infected people, and vaccinating those at high risk.

These measures can be very effective in reducing the outbreak of the virus. These should be strictly implemented for better results. Even in the best cases, it can take several weeks to reduce the number of infections. Therefore, it is necessary to implement these measures as soon as possible and properly.

Since most cases of monkeypox have been reported among men who have sex with men, it is easier to track down those who are likely to be infected. But another important thing to properly control an outbreak is to understand how the virus is spreading.

We still don’t have a very good idea of ​​how long this form of the virus is contagious and whether the virus can be transmitted through people who have shown some symptoms or who have not been infected with it.

Evidence on monkeypox suggests that people can recover from the disease in 28 days and some people can even beat the virus in 21 days.

Many countries still need to implement measures to control monkeypox among affected people to prevent further spread.

(The conversation)

joheb prashant

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