a few moments agoAuthor: Abhishek Pandey
In India, more than 17,000 domestic animals, mostly cows, have died of nodular skin disease in the past month. This deadly virus is killing cattle in 8 states of the country including Gujarat, Rajasthan and Punjab. Due to lumpi virus, milk production in Gujarat alone has decreased by about one thousand liters per day.
Know the answers to 10 questions related to noda skin disease i.e. LSD in Bhaskar Explainer.
Before we continue, let’s take a survey-
Question 1: What is nodular skin disease or LSD?
answer: Nodular skin disease is a disease caused by a virus called capripox in livestock such as cows and buffaloes. It spreads very quickly from one animal to another. This virus is similar to the virus responsible for viral infections such as goat pox in goats and sheep pox in sheep. Capripox comes from the same poxviridae family of viruses that causes diseases such as smallpox and monkeypox.
Question 2: How dangerous is lump virus?
answer: Health experts consider lumpi to be a major threat to livestock worldwide. This makes the cows sicker. However, they can also make buffalo, horses, camels, giraffes and deer sick. Cows die more from this virus than buffaloes because the natural immunity of buffaloes is more than that of cows.
Cows infected with the lumpi virus develop lumps all over their bodies, which sometimes turn into sores. If these wounds are not treated, there is a risk of contracting another infection, which sometimes turns out to be fatal. (symbolic image)
Question 3: How is LSD spread?
answer: Lump is a contagious disease. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), nodular disease is a smallpox-like disease spread by organisms such as mosquitoes, flies, lice and fleas. According to experts, this disease is also spread by the movement of animals from one place to another. It spreads quickly in the rain.
Question 4: What are the symptoms and effects of lumpi disease?
answer: High fever and lumps in the body are the biggest symptoms of this disease. Infertility can occur in sick animals and this also reduces their ability to produce milk.
How these symptoms appear in infected cattle, we understand…
Question 5: What is the probability of dying from the Lumpy virus?
answer: The animal-to-animal transmission rate of lump virus is 45%, but the fatality rate is 5-10%. According to the World Organization for Animal Health (WOAH), the mortality rate in this disease is up to 5%. According to the FAO, the death rate from lumpi is less than 10%.
Question 6: Can lumpi spread to humans?
answer: No. Lumpy virus is not a zoonotic virus that spreads from animals to humans.
Question 7: Is it safe to drink milk from an animal infected with lumps?
answer: According to experts, heating this milk to 100 degrees Celsius, that is, boiling it well, removes the viruses present in it. To date, there have been no cases of humans becoming ill after consuming the milk of an animal infected with lumpi.
This image is of a cow from Rajasthan infected with lumpi disease. According to experts, lumpi in India may have spread due to the arrival of cattle from neighboring countries. Lumpi has spread to Pakistan in recent months. In the province of Sindh, more than 52 thousand cows are infected with lumpi and more than 570 cows have died.
Question 8: What is the treatment for lumps?
answer: There is no specific antiviral drug available for this. The only way to prevent it from spreading is to isolate the infected cow and buffalo for at least 28 days. During this time your symptoms must be treated.
Utmost attention should be paid to lumps on the body as they can lead to other infections and pneumonia. Anti-inflammatory pain relievers such as paracetamol are used to maintain the appetite of infected animals.
Question 9: How is lumpi controlled in India?
answer: In India, the smallpox virus vaccine is currently being administered to protect against mumps. The National Dairy Development Board has sent 2.8 million doses of Gote Pox vaccine to Gujarat, Rajasthan and Punjab to prevent smallpox.
The central government has launched a new indigenous vaccine for Lumpi called Lumpi-ProBackend. It has been developed by the Hisar and Bareilly units of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).
In general, more milk-producing and thin-skinned European cattle breeds are more affected by lumpi. In comparison, native African and Asian thick-skinned cattle are less infected. These cattle are known to be more resistant to the virus. (symbolic image)
Question 10: What is the impact of this disease in the country?
answer: A large number of cows are dying due to the spread of lumpi disease in India. Because of this, milk production has declined in many states. In Gujarat alone, the production of 1 thousand liters of milk per day has come down. Milk production in the rest of the affected states has also dropped by 10-15%.
The UN agency FOA did an assessment shortly after Lumpi’s arrival. According to this, a loss of about 11 billion rupees may occur in India and South East Asia due to harmful disease.