Sugar, born in India, came back after hundreds of years as ‘sugar’, its history is very interesting

featured

Sugar consumption increases the risk of diabetes, obesity.
Eating too much sugar increases the risk of tooth decay.
First of all, the manufacture of sugar was started in India itself.

Without sugar, human life is really boring. It is such a diet, which does not contain vitamins or minerals. Despite this, the whole world is drooling over its sweetness. Sugar (brown sugar) was first made in India thousands of years ago, but it took hundreds of years to become white sugar. The history of this sugar, which gives sweetness to all ages, has been very bitter. The Chinese were also called “white gold”. India has also been rationing sugar for years.

Fewer calories, but that’s why obesity increases!

The “tightness” of sugar is so dense that the entire life of a human being is trapped in its taste. Everyone knows that its excessive consumption causes diseases, but until death man goes crazy for its sweetness. It has virtually no vitamins or minerals, fat or fiber. Whatever happens, it disappears during the refining process. It only contains calories. This is also only 15-20 in a spoon, but it is considered a factor in obesity, because people eat more food (with it) apart from dishes made with it.
Surprisingly, sweeteners (sugars) are found in many fruits, vegetables, and other substances around the world, but white granulated sugar can only be made from sugar cane and beets. In the Middle Ages, sugar (sugar) was considered a rare diet. At that time it was very expensive and only the rulers and big businessmen had access to it. During this time it was also called ‘white gold’. In India, sugar has been available on the ration card for years.

Also read: Honey, rich in nutrients and sweetness, immediately increases the body’s energy

Foreigners also believed that sugar originated in India

Jaggery from sugar cane juice and then sugar (brown sugar) started to be made in India itself. The reports from the country and abroad are proof of this. An investigative report titled “A Sugar Story: The Food No One Needs, But Everyone Craves,” published in a UK-based media network called The Conversation. It is given that “chemically refined sugar appeared in India about 2,500 (500 BC) years ago. From there the technology spread east to China, and west to Persia and the early Islamic world, finally reaching the Mediterranean in the 13th century Cyprus and Sicily became important centers of sugar production.

White granulated sugar can only be made from sugar cane and beets.

The natural philosopher and historian Pliny the Elder (1st century), who wrote the encyclopedia ‘Naturalis Historia’, writes: ‘Sugar is also made in Arabia, but Indian sugar is better. It is a type of honey found in the cane (sugarcane), which is as white as the gum, and shrinks between the teeth.’

Also Read: Makes Muscles and Bones Strong Chickpeas Rich in Properties, Its Story is Fabulous

Description of sugar in Kautilya’s Arthashastra

In the ‘Ikshuvarga:’ chapter of the Ayurvedic text ‘Charakasamhita’, written in the 7th century BC, detailed information is given about the preparation of jaggery and sugar from sugarcane and it has been said that sugar is dry, Kai (Vomiting) ]diarrhea. Destroys and expels frozen phlegm from the body. Other properties of this have been mentioned. On the other hand, in the Arthashastra (350 BC) of the Indian scholar Kautilya, five types of sugar have been described, including jaggery and khand. There is no other ancient explanation than this for the production of sugar in the world. It is said that for the first time in the 7th century, through Arab traders, Khand reached Central Asia outside India, where many experiments were carried out. Egyptian artisans discovered methods for making brown granules, granulated white sugar, mishri nuggets, and batash. It came to Europe in the 11th century, but it wasn’t made into white granulated sugar until then.

Granulated sugar began to be made from the blood and sweat of slaves

According to research reports, until the 15th century, most people in the world were not aware of the sweetness of sugar. Then, in the name of the sweet, apart from the fruits, there was the honey to achieve the sweetness separately. It was clear that there was room for sugar trade on a global scale. It was captured by Portuguese traders, after which the story of becoming sugar became “bitter”. They arrived in the Caribbean in the 15th century. The area was suitable for sugar cane cultivation and there was enough fuel in the forests to make sugar. Only people were missing. They reached West Africa and took the Africans there as slaves to the Caribbean. The slave process began and in 1505 the first sugar colony was established there.

sugar

In Kautilya’s Arthashastra, five types of sugars have been described, including jaggery and khand.

The Portuguese established these colonies for 20 years from Haiti and the Dominican Republic (formerly Spaniola) to Brazil on the basis of African slaves. Soon the merchants of Spain, France, Great Britain, Holland, etc., under the vision of the Portuguese, established their own sugar colonies with the force of slaves in the Caribbean islands, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil, Cameroon. Meanwhile, European companies were opened for the purchase of slaves and for the next 300 years more and more sugar was made with their strength. It was granulated sugar.

India came from China, that’s why it is called Chinese

Incidentally, granulated white sugar was not available in India for a long time. The raw material kept coming out of here, but the advanced technology of making granulated white sugar didn’t get here for centuries. In the memoirs of the Italian merchant, explorer and ambassador Marco Polo in the 13th century, it is mentioned that the Chinese emperor Kublai Khan had brought artisans from Egypt, who taught the Chinese people to make white, white and granulated sugar. This technique came to India from China during the Mughal period and is therefore called Chinese. If we talk about the establishment of a sugar mill, the first record of the establishment of the first sugar mills in India is in 1610. Then it was established in Masulipatam and Petapoli on the Coromandel coast by British merchant Captain Hippon, and later in 1612 at Surat on the west coast by other English merchants, Captain Best and Downton.

It was used to heal wounds

Refined sugar has no vitamins or minerals. There are calories that are indirectly involved in increasing obesity. But sugar has some “advantages”. In which it dissolves, it will fill ‘taste’. It has been known that in ancient times, sugar was used to cure ailments ranging from eye diseases to fever and cough. Sugar also has healing powers that made it popular as a medicine in European countries.

sugar

Excessive sugar consumption can also cause inflammation in the body. it will ruin your teeth

It has also been used to heal wounds or sores. The great advantage of sugar is that if it is used in limited quantity, it will bring ‘taste’ (not a nutritional element) to the tongue, and if it is consumed in excess, it is a mine of diseases.

Sugar is ‘addiction’, it can be addictive

According to Senior Dietitian (Batra Hospital) Anita Lamba, there are different types of benefits of sugar, such as providing a ‘feel good’ experience to the mind. If someone is thin, it will help to increase their weight. To whom BP is low, he will get it. But eating too much is a waste. Consuming too much sugar increases insulin resistance. This increases the risk of obesity and diabetes. Due to excess sugar in the blood, insulin resistance begins in the cells, so sugar rises rapidly, which leads to the disease of diabetes. Surprisingly, like drugs, sugar can also increase the secretion of a hormone called dopamine in the brain. This can lead to sugar addiction, which will only hurt. Foods high in sugar increase uric acid in our blood. Due to this, there can be problems like blood pressure and arthritis.

Using jaggery/sugar or honey is a better option

They say that excessive use of sugar can damage the body’s appetite control system, due to which people start eating more and become victims of obesity. It has also been researched that consuming more sugar can increase the risk of cancer. Excessive sugar consumption can also cause inflammation in the body. Not only will this damage your teeth, but it will also have a negative effect on your body’s immune system. A good alternative to sugar is to use jaggery/sugar or honey. They have negligible harmful ingredients.

Tags: food, Lifestyle

Leave a Comment