New Delhi: The Union Health Ministry (Health Ministry advisory on tomato flu) on Tuesday asked states to follow preventive measures. It has also been stressed that there is no specific medicine to treat the tomato flu virus disease, of which 82 cases have been reported in children in the country. The warning issued by the center states that the symptoms of tomato flu, which appears to be a type of foot and mouth disease, are mainly seen in children under 10 years of age, but can also occur in adults.
The disease, which appears to be a variant of hand, fever and mouth disease (HFMD), is mainly seen in children under the age of 10, but also occurs in adults, according to the central government’s advisory on the tomato flu. A notice issued by the Center states that symptoms and signs of the disease and counselors have been reported. Although tomato flu virus has symptoms similar to other viral infections such as fever, fatigue, body aches and rashes, the virus is not closely related to SARS CoV 2, monkey pox, dengue or chikungunya In fact, recent reports have suggested that it is Coxsackie A17 that belongs to the group of enteroviruses.
The first case of tomato flu was reported in Kerala’s Kollam district on May 6 this year, and as of July 26, more than 82 children under the age of five were reported to have been infected by hospitals of the local government. The other affected areas in Kerala are Anchal, Aryankavu and Neduvathur. This endemic viral disease alerted the neighboring states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. It is further stated that the Regional Medical Research Center in Bhubaneswar has reported that 26 children aged between one and nine years in Odisha have the disease. Apart from Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Haryana and Odisha, no other region in India has reported the disease. Tomato flu or tomato fever is a viral disease, named after its main symptom.
The warning states that tomato flu symptoms are tomato-sized blisters on certain parts of the body. It is a self-limiting disease, as signs and symptoms improve after a few days. The blisters start out as small red blisters and when they get big they look like a tomato. The main symptoms seen in children with tomato flu are similar to those of other viral infections, including fever, rash, and joint pain. Symptoms include fatigue, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, dehydration, swollen joints, body aches, and even general flu-like symptoms. It starts with a mild fever, loss of appetite, malaise and often a sore throat. After a day or two of fever, small red spots appear, which turn into blisters and then ulcers. The lesions are usually located on the inside of the tongue, gums, cheeks, palms and soles.
Diagnosing tomato flu Molecular and serological tests are performed to diagnose dengue fever, chikungunya, Zika virus, varicella-zoster virus, and herpes zoster in children with these symptoms. Once this viral infection is ruled out, a diagnosis of tomato flu is considered.
As advised, the disease appears to be a clinical variant of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) which is common among school-going children. Babies and young children are also victims of this infection due to its consumption. diapers, touching dirty surfaces, and putting things directly into the mouth.
Advice from the Ministry of Health on tomato flu
Treatment Like other viral infections, HFMD occurs mainly in children under 10 years of age, but it can also occur in adults. There are no disease-specific medications available. The warning states that treatment is similar to other viral infections such as isolation, rest, plenty of fluids and warm water sponges to relieve itching and rash. Fever and body aches require supportive therapy with paracetamol and other symptomatic therapy. The notice also states that isolation must be followed for five to seven days from the onset of any symptoms to prevent the spread of the infection to other children or adults.
Maintaining hygiene The notice emphasized that the best way to prevent is to maintain proper hygiene and cleanliness of the environment and prevent the infected child from sharing toys, clothes, food with other uninfected children. Immediate contact with an infected person should be avoided, the advisory said, listing preventive measures.
Avoid contact with an infected person Tell your child not to hug or touch children with a fever or symptoms of a rash. You should encourage your children to stop the habit of sucking their finger or thumb. Encourage the child to use a tissue if they have a runny nose or cough. The warning also states that the blister should not be scratched or rubbed. She also said that children should stay hydrated.
To prevent ringworm, always use warm water to clean the skin or bathe the baby. Eat a nutritious and balanced diet to boost immunity. Adequate rest and sleep are essential to promote healing. To date, there are no antiviral drugs or vaccines available to treat or prevent tomato flu. Throat or stool samples can be sent to the laboratory. For tests to isolate the virus involved in the disease, laboratory results can take two to four weeks.