Having children later in life: Healthy pregnancies as you age
New Delhi, Aug 30, 2022 There are many reasons why you might delay having children. Maybe you want to focus on your career. Or save some money first. ABOUT US About 20% of women in the United States now have their first child after age 35.
You may have heard that getting pregnant can be more difficult as you get older. Or maybe you’ve heard that getting pregnant as you get older is risky for both the health of the mother and the baby. Although having a late baby can cause these problems, many of these concerns are manageable. In the July 2022 issue of NIH News in Health What are the problems of getting pregnant at an older age, what is their solution and what precautions should be taken, has been explained in detail.
get pregnant (get pregnant)
Getting pregnant can become more difficult with age. There are many reasons for this. One reason is that as you age, fertility declines in both men and women.
what is ovulation,
Females are born with a certain number of eggs. A woman’s ovary releases an egg every month to be fertilized. This process is called ovulation. But before that, your body recruits many eggs to prepare for this process. A handful of eggs develop and mature, but usually only one reaches ovulation.
Dr. NIH fertility specialist Alan Decherny (Dr. Alan Decherney, NIH fertility expert), points out that “as women get older still fertile but their chances of pregnancy are reduced because they don’t produce good enough eggs that would normally fertilize and divide into an embryo.”
Women’s fertility declines after the age of 30
A woman’s fertility declines every year after age 30. The number and quality of your eggs decline until you reach menopause. Menopause usually occurs between the ages of 45 and 55. During this time, women stop coming and are no longer fertile.
Effect of being a father at an older age on children
Older men may produce less sperm or lower quality sperm. Egg and sperm quality Age-related declines in obesity are associated with a greater likelihood that the child will develop certain health conditions. This includes autism spectrum disorder, Down syndrome and schizophrenia. But most healthy women who give birth in their 30s and 40s have healthy babies.
pregnancy problems (pregnancy problems)
If you’re over 35 and haven’t gotten pregnant after trying for six months, talk to your doctor. maybe you infertility problem to face Infertility occurs when a couple cannot conceive or a woman cannot have a pregnancy.
NIH-funded researchers are studying the causes of infertility in both men and women. There are many causes of infertility.
Most common cause of infertility in women
“The most common cause of infertility in women is related to abnormalities of ovulation,” says Dr. Esther Eisenberg, who oversees reproductive medicine and infertility research at the NIH.
Many factors affect your ovulation cycle. Aging is one of them. You may not ovulate regularly or sometimes not at all.
endometriosis , Another cause of infertility
Another cause of infertility is endometriosis. endometriosis a disease that usually uterus The tissue that is in (uterus) grows out of it. Endometriosis can cause painful periods, urination or bowel movements. It is responsible for at least one third of infertility in women. It is more common in women between 30 and 40 years old.
The risk of fibroids increases with age
As you age, suspected fibroids it is also more. These are abnormal growths formed from the muscle cells of the uterus. They can grow inside or outside the wall of the uterus. These growths can prevent a woman from becoming pregnant. Most women have at least one fibroid in their lifetime. But they are more common between the ages of 40 and 50.
Treatment of certain health conditions can also be other causes of infertility. “Women who have been treated for cancer may have a low egg count,” says Eisenberg.
“If you have other conditions that require surgery to remove your ovaries or fibroids, or you’ve had surgery on your uterus, that could also affect your fertility,” says Eisenberg.
Finding help for motherhood at an older age
“If being able to have a child becomes a problem, there are treatments for that, most women can have a child with help,” says Eisenberg.
Treatments for infertility it depends on the reason. endometriosis And fibroids can be treated with drugs, surgery, and other methods. Medicines that can help stimulate ovulation are called fertility drugs. Some are taken orally and others are injected.
Other options may be assisted reproduction technologies. Examples include in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). These procedures help you get pregnant using different methods of fertilizing the egg.
Decherny’s group studies egg preservation, which includes egg freezing. It can help some women who suffer from health problems, which can reduce fertility. He points out: “But it’s expensive.”
Infertility is not the only problem that elderly couples face. “Whether a woman can have a baby as she gets older also depends on her health,” says Decherny.
“The chances of diabetes or high blood pressure, the two main diseases that affect pregnancy, are high,” she says.
Obesity, heart disease, and cancer can also hinder a woman’s ability to get pregnant or become pregnant. They can also reduce male fertility.
Talk to your doctor (qualified practitioner) before becoming pregnant. They can help you plan a safe pregnancy.
Being older during pregnancy makes you more likely to have health problems getting pregnant or giving birth. These include heart disease, infection, bleeding, high blood pressure and blood clots.
pregnant women with high blood pressure preeclampsia poses a high risk for Preeclampsia is a serious disease that can cause premature birth. This can also lead to death.
Whatever your age, you have a better chance of getting pregnant and getting pregnant with a healthy lifestyle.
what to do for a healthy pregnancy
Whatever your age, some things can help you have a healthy pregnancy, including:
Talk to your health care provider about your nutrition, medications, and any health conditions. Get regular prenatal checkups.
Take folic acid supplements. Take at least 400 micrograms of folic acid a day.
Do not use drugs such as alcohol, tobacco or marijuana.
Avoid exposure to toxic substances, such as lead, radiation, or chemicals called solvents used in many workplaces.
Eat a healthy diet and maintain a healthy weight.
Avoid certain foods that can be dangerous during pregnancy, such as raw fish, undercooked meats, cold meats, and unpasteurized cheeses.
Do enough physical activity. Talk to your doctor about what is safe for your pregnancy.
Limit your caffeine intake.
Get regular dental checkups.
Take steps to prevent infections that affect your pregnancy.