The growing trend of suicide is cause for concern

Suicide statistics present a frightening picture

Yogesh Kumar Goyal

The report released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) on the number of suicides due to various reasons in India in 2021 is very scary. In fact, suicide cases in the country are increasing every year and according to the report, 450 people commit suicide every day across the country. These suicide figures are also frightening because in the year 2021, a total of 1.73 lakh people died in about 4.22 lakh road accidents across the country, while at least 164033 people ended up his life by committing suicide.

According to social science experts, rising inflation and ever-lowering income of the common man are the main reasons for increasing suicide cases. In fact, due to low income or lack of employment, stress among people has increased a lot, which in many cases creates family unrest and as a result suicide cases increase. While a total of 1064033 suicide cases were reported in 2016 and 1.29 lakh people committed suicide in 2017, from 2017 to 2021, these cases increased by over 26 percent to over 1.64 lakh.

According to experts, due to depression and stress, suicidal tendency increases in people and when a person sees a way out of problems, in such a situation, he takes a heartbreaking step like suicide. Although people with strong morals, often recover from serious situations, but some people who suffer from depression, instead of fighting with strange situations, surrender to death in front of the situation. About 64 percent or 1.05 lakh people who committed suicide are those whose annual income was less than one lakh rupees.

According to the NCRB report, a total of 164,033 people committed suicide in the country last year, of which 118,979 were male, 45,026 female and 28 transgender. More than half of those who committed suicide were 23,178 housewives, while 5,693 students and 4,246 women who committed suicide committed suicide. Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra recorded the highest number of suicides by housewives, 3221, 3055, 2861 respectively, accounting for 13.9, 13.2 and 12.3% of the suicides of housewives respectively . It was seen that the proportion of female victims in suicide cases was higher in marriage related issues like dowry, impotence and infertility. There has also been a 16.73 percent increase in suicides among the self-employed in professional groups. In 2020, a total of 153052 cases of suicide were recorded in the country and in 2021 the suicide rate increased by 7.2 percent.

According to NCRB data, 33.2% people died due to family problems while 18.6% accepted death due to illness. Other leading causes of suicide include 6.4% drug and alcohol addiction, 4.8% marital problems, 4.6% love affairs, 3.9% bankruptcy or debts, 2.2% unemployment, 1.6% career problems, 1.1% poverty and 1.1% failure. the exam

Suicides include 34.5% of people in the age group under 18-30 and 31.7% of those under 30-45, while 3233 suicides among children under 18 are due to problems relatives, 1495 love affairs and 1408 due to illness. Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal and Karnataka have the highest tendency to commit suicide, according to the NCRB. These five states alone accounted for 50.4% of the total suicide cases in the country, while 49.6% of cases were reported in 23 other states and 8 union territories. In the above five states, 22,207, 18,925, 14,965, 13,500, 13,056 people committed suicide respectively in the last year, which is 13.5, 11.5, 9.1, 8.2 and 8 percent of the total of cases respectively. Although the national rate of suicide cases per lakh population was 12, the situation in some states and union territories is very worrying. Andaman and Nicobar Islands recorded 39.7, Sikkim 39.2, Puducherry 31.8, Telangana 26.9 and Kerala 26.9.

The cases of suicides of daily wage laborers and agricultural laborers in the NCRB report are also disturbing. It has been revealed in the report that the highest number of people who committed suicide in the country, 25 percent were daily labourers. In 2020, where a total of 33,164 daily workers chose the path of suicide to get rid of life’s problems, in 2021, a total of 42,004 daily workers committed suicide. A total of 10,881 people belonging to the agricultural sector committed suicide, which is 6.6% of the total number of cases. Of these, this number decreased to 5,318 in 2021 compared to 5,957 farmer suicides in 2019 and 5,579 in 2020, but the suicide rate among agricultural workers is continuously increasing. A total of 5,563 farm workers committed suicide in 2021, and their suicide rate was 9% higher than in 2020 and 29% higher than in 2019. Every two hours in the past year, at least one farm worker has succumbed to death.

According to the NCRB report, farmers are those whose occupation is agriculture and those who cultivate their land or cultivate on leased land without the help of agricultural laborers, while agricultural laborers are those who mainly work in the agricultural sector. And their source of income is agriculture. work The NCRB report said that during the last two years, when many economic activities came to a halt and there was migration from cities to villages, many daily wage laborers also worked as agricultural laborers as the their other sources of income.

In its report, NCRB has identified professional or career-related problems, feelings of isolation, abuse, violence, family problems, mental disorders, alcohol addiction, financial loss, chronic pain, etc. as the main reasons for suicide incidents. However, if we look at the suicide cases, the biggest concern is the growing trend of suicide among the country’s youth and those under 18 years of age. Psychiatrists believe that in today’s hectic life, people are often under mental stress and due to stress, incidents of suicide are increasing. Some are in tension due to family disputes, some are in business and in this situation people are putting their precious lives at risk. This trend is dangerous not only for that person’s family, but also for the entire society.

Although it is believed that it is not the government’s job to stop suicides, but the biggest responsibility lies with the society and the family, but the last year’s statistics of suicides raise serious questions for both the society and the government. Indeed, if people across the country are forced to accept death in such large numbers, there has been no doubt that our society and government policies are also responsible for this. Although claims are being made from governments to improve the employment situation, but the reality is that inflation and unemployment have broken the back of the poor and middle class. If the poor person will have nothing to eat, will have no means of work or will be burdened with huge debts, then he will be forced to commit suicide by becoming a victim of depression even if he does not want to.

Why the graph of suicide cases is increasing year after year in the country, not only the governments but also the society will have to think about it seriously and also efforts will have to be made to diagnose the reasons, only then there is a expectation of reduction in suicide cases.

(The author is a freelance commentator.)

Leave a Comment