Road safety rules: There are two statistics about road accidents in India. First, there is a traffic accident every minute in the country. Second, every four minutes a person dies in a traffic accident.
These two figures testify to the importance of paying attention to road safety in India. In India there are 225 vehicles for every thousand people, but most of the population, both drivers and pedestrians, are not even aware of the general rules related to road safety.
These things are related to road safety today because former chairman and industrialist of Tata Sons Cyrus Mistry died in a road accident on Sunday. Apart from him, Jahangir Dinsha Pandole, who was traveling with him in the car, has also died. There were four people in this car. Of these, Mistry and Jahangir have died. Meanwhile, Anahita Pandole and her husband Darius Pandole, who were driving, are undergoing treatment.
According to the news agency, Cyrus Mistry and Jehangir were sitting in the back seat. Officials have said both were not even wearing seat belts. Not only that, the vehicle was speeding and tried to overtake another vehicle. Due to this, the car became uncontrollable and hit the divider. Both Mistry and Jahangir were not wearing seat belts. If they had worn their seat belts, perhaps both their lives could have been saved.
seat belt must be worn
By law, everyone in the car is required to wear a seat belt. Previously, children under the age of 14 were exempt from wearing seat belts. But in 2019, the Motor Vehicle Act was amended. After that, it became mandatory for children under 14 to wear seat belts.
According to the Motor Vehicle Act, if everyone in the car must wear a seat belt while driving a car. If any person in the car is not wearing a seat belt, doing so can attract a fine of one thousand rupees.
At the same time, if there is a two-wheeled vehicle, it is necessary for people 4 years and older to wear a helmet. If a child 4 years of age or older is riding a two-wheeler, they must wear a helmet. Failure to do so can attract a fine of one thousand rupees and the license will also be suspended for three months.
What are the causes of accidents?
According to the Ministry of Roads and Transport, most people are unaware of road safety and the rules related to it, which is why accidents and mishaps continue to happen. The ministry has given 6 reasons for the accidents:
1. Driving at very high speed.
2. drunk driving
3. Things that distract the driver.
4. Break traffic signals.
5. Not wearing a seat belt or wearing a helmet.
6. Do not follow the lane and move forward.
How to avoid accidents?
Keep your focus on driving. If you have a long journey, rest every now and then. Avoid using your phone while driving. Keep your speed low in the rain and maintain the correct distance between vehicles.
If you drive a car, definitely wear your seat belt. If you ride a two-wheeler, wear a helmet. Drive with peace of mind. Do not drive drunk or in an unhappy state, as this can lead to an accident.
Not only that, maintain the vehicle from time to time. Change the brake pads every 1500 km of travel. If the tire is worn, replace it.
What precautions should pedestrians take?
Cross the road only when there is a red signal. Use the zebra crossing to cross the road. Always cross the road carefully. Don’t think the driver saw you crossing the road.
Wait for the correct distance between you and the car before crossing the road. Do not jump over the divider rails as they may wobble and fall onto the vehicle.
Walk on the sidewalk instead of the road. Avoid using the road while walking or running. If small children are together, hold their hands and cross the road.
What is the punishment for breaking the rules?
– without license If you don’t have a license and are caught driving, a challenge of Rs 5,000 can be deducted. A claim of Rs 500 was deducted earlier.
– Speeding: If there is a light motor vehicle, over speeding is claimed up to 2 thousand rupees. At the same time, if there is a medium goods or passenger vehicle, a challenge of up to 4 thousand rupees can be imposed.
– Driving under the influence of alcohol: If you are caught doing this, you can be jailed for up to 6 months and fined up to 10,000 rupees. For the second time, there is a provision of imprisonment of up to 2 years and a fine of up to 15 thousand.
– Careers: If you go racing on the road, if you get caught for the first time, you can be jailed for 3 months and fined up to 2 thousand rupees. If he is caught for the second time, the imprisonment will be up to 3 months, but a fine of 4 thousand rupees will be charged.
Driving a car without insurance: Driving an uninsured vehicle is punishable with imprisonment of up to 3 months and a fine of up to 2,000 rupees. If caught doing this a second time, there will be a fine of 4000 rupees with 3 months in jail.
– Dangerous driving: If any person drives dangerously, he can be jailed for 6 months to 1 year and fined up to 5 thousand rupees. Doing so a second time can be punished with imprisonment of up to 2 years and a fine of 10,000 rupees.