- Hindi News
- Folic acid during pregnancy makes the brain sharp, protects against life-threatening diseases
New Delhi25 minutes agoAuthor: Manish Tewari
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A healthy and intelligent child is the wish of every parent. Who is intelligent and emotionally strong. What don’t parents do about it? From feeding the child well to teaching in a good school, he puts his life into it. But is it enough?
If you also want a “smart baby”, you need to start preparing for it before you plan your pregnancy. You may wonder how to prepare for a smart baby before pregnancy? To understand this, you need to know the amazing thing that makes a child smart and also gives him better immunity.
The name of this amazing thing is “Folic Acid”. Folic acid increases IQ (intelligent quotient) and IQ (emotional quotient). And it also protects the child from many life-threatening diseases.
Now you will think that what can be the effect on the child’s brain due to not receiving folic acid? In fact, millions of children are born in the world whose brains are weak. Or, the child is born with an underdeveloped brain. There are also some children who have no brain at birth. The head of these children has a crooked or flattened appearance. They die soon after birth or continue to struggle with many diseases related to the spine and many other diseases throughout their life. This problem arises when pregnant women do not get folic acid.
Now, first of all, let’s talk about pregnancy planning and start taking folic acid.
The brain and spine are made of the neural tube, so folic acid is needed
First month of pregnancy. During this time, the mother often does not know that she is pregnant, but the development of the fetus has already begun in the womb. In this month, a tube is formed in the embryo, which is called the ‘neural tube’. The “sensible” beginning of a new life starts from this tube made of cells, and this tube makes up the child’s healthy nervous system. The upper part of this tube develops further to form the brain, and the lower part of the rest of the spinal cord (spinal cord) forms.
Based on this brain and spinal cord, humans were able to become the most unique, powerful and intelligent creatures on earth. But in this tube that makes us so powerful, the lack of just one chemical during pregnancy can lead to many major disorders.
Do you know that folic acid is nothing less than nectar?
You must have noticed that doctors first give iron and folic acid tablets to the pregnant woman as soon as the pregnancy is detected. This folic acid is given to them so that there is no defect in the development of the child’s ‘neural tube’ and the child is protected from diseases. The baby must not be underweight and must not be born prematurely. Thus, these folic acid pills not only reduce the risk for the mother but also make the baby healthy and smart. That’s why doctors start giving folic acid at least 4 weeks in advance to women planning a pregnancy and continue giving it until the 12th week of pregnancy.
Eating folic acid for 9 months increases children’s emotional intelligence
Now you know that women who take folic acid throughout pregnancy, their children have more emotional intelligence and ability to recover from illness. Experts from the University of Ulster in Ireland conducted research on women and their children who eat and do not eat folic acid during the entire period of pregnancy.
In which it was revealed that women who did not take folic acid during pregnancy gave birth to an emotionally weak child. This report was also published on the website of the medical journal ‘BMC Medicine’ in 2019. This report, presented at the ‘British Psychological Society’, said that the psychological development of children of mothers who eat folic acid during pregnancy also is better.
The child becomes intelligent in his learning, thinking and understanding
Scientists from the University of Ulster in Ireland did another investigation. In which they found that if folic acid is given to a pregnant woman in the second and third trimester of pregnancy, it also benefits the child’s ‘neurocognitive development’. In other words, the child’s brain is well developed. Their thinking, understanding and learning skills are better. It also has a good effect on learning and speaking languages, memory and the ability to deal with people around.
Mothers who took folic acid during pregnancy, their children not only have strong hands and feet, but also keep cancer at bay.
Some children have many types of heart defects from birth, due to which the heart does not work properly. These are called “cardiovascular defects” or “congenital heart defects”. Folic acid reduces the risk of heart disease in children.
Sometimes, babies’ hands and feet in the womb also don’t develop properly. Folic acid reduces the risk of these limb defects.
Folic acid also helps protect children from various types of cancer such as leukemia, brain tumors, and neuroblastoma. According to research papers presented in the ‘US National Center for Biotechnology Information’, folic acid is effective in protecting children from many of these diseases.
A low folate level can cause a child’s brain to shrink
Like folic acid, folate is also a type of vitamin B9. It is also found in green leafy vegetables. Deficient folate levels in the mother during pregnancy can affect the development of the baby. Women who have low folate levels may have smaller brains in their babies. Your ability to fight disease may also decrease. These children have lower IQ levels than children whose mothers had good folate levels. This has come to light in the present reports on the ‘National Center for Biotechnology Information’ of the US Federal Agency.
Daily requirement of 400 micrograms of folic acid
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), a pregnant woman needs 400 micrograms (mg) of folic acid per day. If you eat a balanced diet and eat green vegetables, you usually don’t need to take supplements separately.
But, if any deficiency is found during pregnancy, the doctor determines its amount according to the need. Every woman should eat foods rich in folic acid daily until the age of motherhood, regardless of whether she is planning a pregnancy or not.
Warning… Without a doctor’s advice, an excessive amount of folic acid can also be harmful
There are also disadvantages to consuming large amounts of folic acid in the desire for an intelligent child. Pregnant women who eat more than 1,000 micrograms of folic acid per day have a bad effect on their babies. At the age of 4 to 5 years, it was found that the cognitive development of these children was lacking, that is, their ability to think, to reason. Therefore, do not take a folic acid pill without a doctor’s advice.
A report on high-dose folic acid was published in ‘The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition’ in 2017. He also recommended that, as much as possible, women avoid giving more than 1,000 micrograms of folic acid daily during pregnancy.
An excessive dose can damage the nervous system
Everything in excess is harmful. Folic acid or any other supplement should not be taken on its own without a doctor’s advice. Doses higher than 1 mg of folic acid can be dangerous. It hides the deficiency of vitamin B12 in the body. If it is not detected in time and treatment is delayed, the nervous system is damaged.
Especially for the elderly, great care should be taken when using it. Because, with age, the ability of the elderly to digest vitamin B12 decreases. Healthy men and women who are not planning pregnancy can meet their folic acid needs by eating a balanced diet. They do not need to take supplements for this separately.
Iron folic acid is useful in preventing DNA mutations
Iron and folic acid tablets are prescribed to treat anemia caused by a lack of hemoglobin and red blood cells (RBCs) in the body. These pills increase the production of red blood cells and hemoglobin in the body. The body’s demand for iron and folic acid also increases during pregnancy.
In this situation, iron and folic acid tablets fulfill this need. In addition to making new cells in the body, these pills also help take care of them. It also helps prevent mutations in DNA that cause cancer.
Graphics: Prerna Jha
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