Understand how successful the relocation of cheetahs in India will be.

After the extinction of cheetahs from the forests of India in 1952, the central government and people associated with animal conservation are preparing a road map to restore this species by bringing this species from other countries. But how successful it will be, you also know

After the extinction of cheetahs from the forests of India in 1952, the government is now preparing a road map to bring it back.

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After the extinction of cheetahs from the forests of India in 1952, the central government and people associated with animal conservation are preparing a road map to restore this species by bringing this species from other countries. Initially preparations were made for the export of Asiatic cheetahs from Iran, but due to the ongoing revolution there, this plan could not be completed. In 2011, the Congress-led UPA government looked into the possibility of exporting various species of African cheetah from South Africa, Namibia and Tanzania.

The Supreme Court has approved a pilot project to relocate African cheetahs from Namibia to India by 2020. The court also appointed a three-member committee to implement the project. The work of bringing the eight cheetahs to India is will end on September 17 when they reach Kuno National Park in Madhya Pradesh. According to Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan, September 17 is also the birthday of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who will also initiate the cheetah reintroduction program on that day.

What is translocation?

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, “the release of living organisms from one area into the open air into another area is called translocation or relocation. There are three different types of transfers: the augmentation (the release of an animal of one species between species of the same species), introduction or introduction (the transfer of one species to another outside its historical range) and reintroduction (in The species is found in a historical place where it has become extinct in the past).

Right in many places

The most successful translocation of carnivores occurred in 1958 when a US commission moved 254 black bears from Minnesota to the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains in Arkansas. From these places they became extinct at the beginning of the last century.

The number of bears here increased to more than 2,500 in 1993. India also ran a successful conservation program for the tiger whose population had declined significantly over the past century. The resurgence of Antarctic blue whales, European bison, mountain gorillas, giant pandas and other endangered species clearly indicates that success in their conservation work is easily found.

Asiatic cheetahs once present from the Gulf countries to India are found today only in Iran. Even there it is estimated that there are only 12. In giving them a second home in India, there is a historical risk and also that of moving an animal from one place to another.

There have also been failures

When an animal is introduced to a new place or ecosystem, it requires constant monitoring by the authorities until it adapts to the new environment. African cheetahs will also remain under the supervision of authorities in Kuno National Park until the situation there is settled.

After bringing these cheetahs to India, the risk will increase. According to the IUCN, which reportedly approved the cheetah relocation project, “keeping the animals out of range significantly increases the risk to the species. Nothing can be said about that with absolute precision. But it is a fact that the mortality rate of these animals increases significantly after rehabilitation.”

The extinction of the Malaysian flying fox and the Iberian bear shows that the migration of species is not always successful.

Cheetahs face many obstacles in India

According to ecologist and author Michel Nijhuis, in 500 years the Earth has lost 755 animal species and 123 plants. More than a million plant and animal species are in danger of extinction. In India, these 12 cheetahs will be kept in a safe and protected enclosure. But because of their small numbers, the risk of their death from natural and unnatural causes will also increase.

Five leopards have already been reported in Kuno-Palpur Park. These have not been removed. The government believes that both species will learn to coexist with time. Apart from this, the involvement of the local population in the restoration and conservation of a species in a new geographical area has a great impact.

That the condition of the cheetahs does not get worse than before

The cheetah is the most docile animal among the members of the cat family. This proves to be a major obstacle in trying to increase their numbers by moving them away from their old social system and into a new place. The cheetahs that roam freely in Africa will be in a large, secure enclosure when they are brought to India, which will change their entire social structure. There is a possibility of harming them because of this.

In one such case, efforts to conserve Stephen’s kangaroo rat (Dipodomis stephens) met with great disappointment. Moving them from one place to another did not achieve the expected success as their entire social structure had changed.

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