Akbar’s time was 10 thousand cheetahs, know the history of Indian cheetahs

In India, which was once the home of cheetahs, cheetahs became completely extinct at the time of independence. In 1947, the last three cheetahs in the country were hunted by Maharaja Ramanuj Pratap Singh Deo of the princely state of Korea in Madhya Pradesh. His photo is also in the Bombay Natural History Society. From that day, cheetahs have never been seen in India. Now, after 75 years, eight cheetahs have been brought from Namibia. In this situation, today we will tell you the complete story of the life of cheetahs in India. How did all the cheetahs in the country become extinct one by one? What is the ability of cheetahs?

What is the specialty of the eight cheetahs that arrive in India? Let’s find out…”

The first mention of cheetahs is in the 12th century Sanskrit document Manasolasa. It was built by the Kalyani Chalukya ruler Someshvara III, who ruled between 1127 and 1138.

What happened during the time of Raja-Maharaja? The word cheetah is said to come from the Sanskrit word Chitraka, meaning spotted. Divya Bhanu Singh, former vice-president of the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS), has written a book on the mind. Its name is ‘The End of a Trail – The Cheetah in India’. In this, he has explained that the presence of cheetahs has been seen in the reign of different kings. It is said that during the time of Mughal Emperor Akbar, who ruled from 1556 to 1605, there were more than 10 thousand cheetahs in the country. Many cheetahs also lived near Akbar. That he used to hunt. In many reports, it is even claimed that Akbar alone had more than a thousand cheetahs.

Akbar’s son Jahangir had hunted more than 400 deer with the help of cheetahs in the Pala pargana. Not only Akbar, all the kings of the Mughal period and later also started taking the help of cheetahs for hunting. Since the king started imprisoning cheetahs for hunting. Cheetahs were somehow kept by the king like dogs, cats, cows and other pets. Because of this, their fertility rate decreased and the population continued to decline.

By the early 20th century, India’s cheetah population had dropped to hundreds, and princes began importing African animals. Between 1918 and 1945 about 200 cheetahs were imported. During British rule, cheetahs began to be hunted.

This king had a white cheetah. In 1608, Raja Veer Singh Dev, the Maharaja of Orchha, had a white cheetah. These cheetahs used to have blue spots on their bodies instead of black. Jahangir also mentions it in his book Tuzuk-e-Jahangiri. It was said to be the only cheetah of its kind. After that, cheetah hunting also gradually started. Those who survived were also killed by the hobbies of the kings and the British. During the British, there was a reward for hunting cheetahs. A reward of six rupees was given for killing cheetah cubs and 12 rupees for killing adult cheetahs.

The last three cheetahs also became victims, this is from 1947 to 1948. It is said that then the last three cheetahs in the country were hunted. This hunt was done by Maharaja Ramanuj Pratap Singh Deo of the state of Korea (now in Chhattisgarh) of Madhya Pradesh. It is said that during that time the townspeople complained to the king that some wild animal was hunting their cattle. Then the king went to the forest and killed three cheetahs. These three cheetahs are said to be the last in the country. From that day, cheetahs have never been seen in India. There was another princely state near Korea. His name was Ambikarpur. Its king Ramanuj Sharan Singh Dev is also said to have hunted more than 1200 lions. In 1952, the government of India officially declared the country’s cheetahs extinct.

Now let’s talk about the specialty of the cheetah.
Cheetah can run at a speed of 120 km – Cheetah makes four jumps every second. The maximum speed of a cheetah can be 120 km/h. During the fastest speed, the cheetah can jump 23 feet or about seven meters long. The cheetah’s record speed can last for a maximum of one minute. It can only run 450 meters at full speed. The cheetah’s head is much smaller than that of the tiger, lion, leopard and jaguar. This greatly reduces the resistance of the wind hitting its head at high speed. A cheetah’s skull is made of thin bones. This also reduces the weight of your head. Cheetah ears are very small to reduce wind resistance.

The physical structure is also special: according to research carried out at Howard in 1973, the body temperature of a cheetah is usually 38 ° C, but as soon as it picks up speed, its body temperature becomes 40.5 ° C .The cheetah’s brain cannot stand this heat and suddenly stops running. The cheetah’s muscles need a lot of oxygen to run at high speed. To maintain this oxygen supply, along with the cheetah’s nostrils, the breathing tube is also thick, so it can deliver more oxygen to the body by breathing less frequently.

A cheetah’s eyes are in a straight line. Because of this, it can easily see many kilometers away. This gives the cheetah an idea of ​​how close its prey is. Their eyes have an image stabilization system. Because of this, he keeps his focus on his shot even while running at high speed.

The cheetah’s legs are curved and webbed. While running, the cheetah grips the ground with the help of its claws and is able to leap forward with ease. Not only that, thanks to its claws, it is able to hold its prey tightly. The cheetah’s tail is 31 inches, that is, up to 80 centimeters long. It acts as a radar for the cheetah. It is useful for balance in sharp turns. A cheetah’s heart is three and a half times larger than a lion’s. This is the reason why you get a lot of oxygen while running. It pumps blood quickly throughout your body and transports oxygen to your muscles.

The cheetah often pursues its prey at a range of 200-230 feet, i.e. 60-70 meters. It just chases its prey for a minute. If during this time you are not able to kill her, then stop chasing her. Using its claws, it hangs itself by grabbing the victim’s tail. Or break the victim’s bone through the claw. After catching its prey, the cheetah bites its neck for about five minutes and dies. Although small dams die in the beginning.

These eight Namibian cheetahs – There are five female and three male cheetahs in Namibia, South Africa. His picture has also appeared. The lifespan of cheetahs is between two and a half and five and a half years. At the same time, this information has also come to the fore that two real brothers are also included in the eight cheetahs. According to information received from the Cheetah Conservation Fund, an agency involved in the Cheetah Project, three of these cheetahs are male while five are female. Their ages have been given as four and a half years, one is two years old, one is two and a half years old and one is between three and four years old. At the same time, the age of a cheetah has also been said to be 12 years.

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